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Neuroprotective effects of urolithin A on Hâ‚‚Oâ‚‚-induced oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in SK-N-MC cells

Kim KB, Lee S, Kim JH

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Oxidative stress causes cell damage and death, which contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases. Urolithin A (UA), a gut microbial-derived metabolite of ellagitannins and ellagic acid, has high...
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β-Sitosterol treatment attenuates cognitive deficits and prevents amyloid plaque deposition in amyloid protein precursor/presenilin 1 mice

Ye JY, Li L, Hao QM, Qin Y, Ma CS

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder causing dementia worldwide, and is mainly characterized by aggregated β-amyloid (Aβ). Increasing evidence has shown that plant extracts have the potential...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Intrafamilial variability and clinical heterogeneity in a family with PLA2G6-associated neurodegeneration

Park JK, Youn J, Cho JW

Phospholipase A2 group VI (PLA2G6)-associated neurodegeneration (PLAN) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disease with a wide clinical spectrum; however, the genotype-phenotype correlation is unknown. Here, we report different phenotypes in...
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Increased Signal in the Superior Cerebellar Peduncle of Patients with Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Kataoka H, Nishimori , Kiriyama T, Nanaura H, Izumi T, Eura N, Iwasa N, Sugie K

OBJECTIVE: The provisional diagnosis of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) depends on a combination of typical clinical features and specific MRI findings, such as atrophy of the tegmentum in the midbrain....
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Modeling α-Synuclein Propagation with Preformed Fibril Injections

Chung HK, Ho HA, Pérez-Acuña D, Lee SJ

The aggregation of α-synuclein (α-syn) has been implicated in the pathogenesis of many neurodegenerative disorders, including Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), and multiple system atrophy (MSA). Postmortem...
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SYM 2081 Exerts Neuroprotective Effect Modulating Anti-Apoptosis in the Hypoxic-Ischemic Brain Injury of Neonatal Rats

Park JK, Jang YY, Jeong JE, Lee EJ, Choi EJ, Chung HL, Kim WT

OBJECTIVE: SYM 2081 ((2S,4R)-4-methylglutamic acid), an agonist and functional antagonist of the kainite receptor, has shown a neuroprotective effect in neurodegenerative diseases in adults but little is known concerning perinatal...
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Recent Progress on Branched-Chain Amino Acids in Obesity, Diabetes, and Beyond

Siddik MA, Shin AC

Branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs) are essential amino acids that are not synthesized in our body; thus, they need to be obtained from food. They have shown to provide many physiological...
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Metabolomics approach to serum biomarker for laxative effects of red Liriope platyphylla in loperamide-induced constipation of SD rats

Kim JE, Lee YJ, Ryu SH, Park JW, Kang MJ, Choi HJ, Bae SJ, Choi Y, Kang HG, Kim KB, Kim S, Lim Y, Hwang DY

Red Liriope platyphylla (RLP) is a known herbal medicine used in the treatment of some chronic diseases including constipation, neurodegenerative disorders, diabetes and obesity. To determine and characterize putative biomarkers...
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Photobiomodulation as a treatment for neurodegenerative disorders: current and future trends

Hong N

Photobiomodulation (PBM) is a rapidly growing as an innovative therapeutic modality for various types of diseases in recent years. Neuronal degeneration is irreversible process and it is proven to be...
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Applications of photobiomodulation in hearing research: from bench to clinic

Lee JH, Kim S, Jung JY, Lee MY

Hearing loss is very common and economically burdensome. No accepted therapeutic modality for sensorineural hearing loss is yet available; most clinicians emphasize rehabilitation, placing hearing aids and cochlear implants. Photobiomodulation...
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HDAC Inhibition by Valproic Acid Induces Neuroprotection and Improvement of PD-like Behaviors in LRRK2 R1441G Transgenic Mice

Kim T, Song S, Park Y, Kang S, Seo H

Parkinson’s disease (PD) is one of the late-onset neurodegenerative movement disorder. Major pathological markers of PD include progressive loss of dopaminergic neurons, Lewy body formation, genetic mutations, and environmental factors....
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Anesthetic management in corticobasal degeneration with central sleep apnea: A case report

Shionoya Y, Nakamura K, Sunada K

Corticobasal degeneration (CBD) is a rare neurodegenerative disease characterized by dystonia, cognitive deficits, and an asymmetric akinetic-rigid syndrome. Little information is available regarding anesthetic management for CBD patients. Our patient...
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Targeted Downregulation of kdm4a Ameliorates Tau-engendered Defects in Drosophila melanogaster

Park SY, Seo J, Chun YS

BACKGROUND: Tauopathies, a class of neurodegenerative diseases that includes Alzheimer's disease (AD), are characterized by the deposition of neurofibrillary tangles composed of hyperphosphorylated tau protein in the human brain. As...
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Long Noncoding RNA NEAT1 Aggravates Aβ-Induced Neuronal Damage by Targeting miR-107 in Alzheimer's Disease

Ke S, Yang Z, Yang F, Wang X, Tan J, Liao B

PURPOSE: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disease, with a rising prevalence worldwide. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been found to play important roles in the development and...
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Chemical Constituents from Solenostemma argel and their Cholinesterase Inhibitory Activity

Demmak RG, Bordage S, Bensegueni A, Boutaghane N, Hennebelle T, Mokrani EH, Sahpaz S

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disorder with no curative treatment. The commercially available drugs, which target acetylcholinesterase, are not satisfactory. The aim of this study was to investigate the...
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Abnormal Mitochondria in a Non-human Primate Model of MPTP-induced Parkinson's Disease: Drp1 and CDK5/p25 Signaling

Park J, Seo J, Won J, Yeo HG, Ahn YJ, Kim K, Jin YB, Koo BS, Lim KS, Jeong KJ, Kang P, Lee HY, Baek SH, Jeon CY, Hong JJ, Huh JW, Kim YH, Park SJ, Kim SU, Lee DS, Lee SR, Lee Y

Mitochondria continuously fuse and divide to maintain homeostasis. An impairment in the balance between the fusion and fission processes can trigger mitochondrial dysfunction. Accumulating evidence suggests that mitochondrial dysfunction is...
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Gait Ignition Failure in JNPL3 Human Tau-mutant Mice

Jang H, Ryu JH, Shin KM, Seo NY, Kim GH, Huh YH, Pae AN, Lee KJ

Cognitive impairments and motor dysfunction are commonly observed behavioral phenotypes in genetic animal models of neurodegenerative diseases. JNPL3 transgenic mice expressing human P301L-mutant tau display motor disturbances with age- and...
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Quantitative Proteomic Analysis Reveals Impaired Axonal Guidance Signaling in Human Postmortem Brain Tissues of Chronic Traumatic Encephalopathy

Bi B, Choi HP, Hyeon SJ, Sun S, Su N, Liu Y, Lee J, Kowall NW, McKee AC, Yang JH, Ryu H

Chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE) is a distinct neurodegenerative disease that associated with repetitive head trauma. CTE is neuropathologically defined by the perivascular accumulation of abnormally phosphorylated tau protein in the...
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The First Generation of iPSC Line from a Korean Alzheimer's Disease Patient Carrying APP-V715M Mutation Exhibits a Distinct Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Li L, Roh JH, Kim HJ, Park HJ, Kim M, Koh W, Heo H, Chang JW, Nakanishi , Yoon T, Na DL, Song J

Alzheimer's Disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease, which is pathologically defined by the accumulation of amyloid plaques and hyper-phosphorylated tau aggregates in the brain. Mitochondrial dysfunction is also a...
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