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A Potential Role of Cholinergic Dysfunction on Impaired Colon Motility in Experimental Intestinal Chagas Disease

Ricci MF, Béla SR, Barbosa JL, Moraes MM, Mazzeti AL, Bahia MT, Horta LS, Santiago HdC, Cruz JS, Capettini LdSA, Arantes RME

  • KMID: 2531222
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2022 Jul;28(3):483-500.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm21074
Background/Aims Chagasic megacolon is caused by Trypanosoma cruzi, which promotes in several cases, irreversible segmental colonic dilation. This alteration is the major anatomic-clinical disorder, characterized by the enteric nervous system and...
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Delivering Speech by Non-Invasive Electric Stimulation of the Central Nervous System

Suh MW

Recent advances in neuroscience and precise electric stimulation have enabled us to deliver complex signals to the central nervous system. But most of the successful electric stimulation devices such as...
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Relationships of autonomic dysfunction with disease severity and neuropathic pain features in fibromyalgia: is it really a sympathetically maintained neuropathic pain?

On AY, Tanigor G, Baydar DA

Background: The pathophysiology of fibromyalgia (FM) involves many mechanisms including central nervous system sensitization theory, autonomic nervous system (ANS) dysfunction, and recently small fiber neuropathy. While the small fiber neuropathy...
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Not just sensitization: sympathetic mechanisms contribute to expand experimental referred pain

Doménech-García V, Peirotén AR, Imaz ML, Palsson TS, Herrero P, Bellosta-López P

Background: Widespread pain partially depends upon sensitization of central pain mechanisms. However, mechanisms controlling pain distribution are not completely known. The present study sought to assess skin temperature variations in...
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Reversible Symptom Aggravation by Intake of Taurine-Rich Foods in Patients with Venous Congestive Myelopathy: Controlled Case Series Study

Suh DC, Jeong S, Choi YH, Cho SM, Yun SY, Son AY, Lim YM, Kwon B, Song Y

Purpose: Reversible aggravation of myelopathy symptoms was observed after the intake of taurine-rich foods in patients with venous congestive myelopathy (VCM) caused by a spinal arteriovenous shunt (SAVS), and the...
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Assessment and Comparison of Three Dimensional Exoscopes for Near-Infrared Fluorescence-Guided Surgery Using Second-Window Indocyanine-Green

Cho SS, Teng CW, De Ravin E, Singh YB, Lee JY

Objective : Compared to microscopes, exoscopes have advantages in field-depth, ergonomics, and educational value. Exoscopes are especially well-poised for adaptation into fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) due to their excitation source, light...
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Hypo-trimethylation of Histone H3 Lysine 4 and Hyper-tri/dimethylation of Histone H3 Lysine 27 as Epigenetic Markers of Poor Prognosis in Patients with Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

Kim HG, Kim MS, Lee YS, Lee EH, Kim DC, Lee SH, Kim YZ

Purpose This study aimed to investigate the methylation status of major histone modification sites in primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) samples and examine their prognostic roles in patients with PCNSL....
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Autoantibody Testing in Neuromuscular Disorders

Kim SW, Shin HY

Autoantibodies are present in many autoimmune disorders, including diseases impacting the peripheral nerve, neuromuscular junction, and muscle. Some of these autoantibodies play a vital role in pathogenesis, whereas others are...
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Cranial and Spinal Window Preparation for in vivo Optical Neuroimaging in Rodents and Related Experimental Techniques

Yeon C, Im JM, Kim M, Kim YR, Chung E

  • KMID: 2531117
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2022 Jun;31(3):131-146.
  • doi: 10.5607/en22015
Optical neuroimaging provides an effective neuroscience tool for multi-scale investigation of the neural structures and functions, ranging from molecular, cellular activities to the inter-regional connectivity assessment. Amongst experimental preparations, the...
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Development and Effects of a Mobile Application-based Self-Management Program for Chemotherapy-induced Peripheral Neuropathy in Colorectal Cancer Patients

Oh PJ, Lee JR

Purpose: This study aimed to develop and examine the effects of a mobile application-based self-management program for Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy (CIPN) in colorectal cancer patients. Methods: This study used a...
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Pathological brain lesions in girls with central precocious puberty at initial diagnosis in Southern Vietnam

Huynh QTV, Ho BT, Le NQK, Trinh TH, Lam LHT, Nguyen NTK, Huang SY

Purpose: Cranial magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is recommended to identify intracranial lesions in girls with central precocious puberty (CPP). Yet, the use of routine MRI scans in girls with CPP...
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Cardiac Autonomic Control and Neural Arousal as Indexes of Fatigue in Professional Bus Drivers

Lecca LI, Fadda P, Fancello G, Medda A, Meloni M

Background Bus driving is a mentally demanding activity that requires prolonged attention to ensure safety. The aim of the study was to assess mental fatigue caused by driving a public bus...
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Effect on sinus cycle length and atrioventricular node function after high‑power short‑duration versus conventional radiofrequency catheter ablation in paroxysmal atrial fibrillation

Do U, Kim M, Cho M, Nam G, Choi K, Jun J

Background: The efficacy and safety of high-power, short-duration (HPSD) radiofrequency catheter ablation for atrial fibrillation (AF) have been demonstrated in several studies. We aimed to evaluate and compare the effects...
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A Practical Grading Scale for Predicting Outcomes of Radiosurgery for Dural Arteriovenous Fistulas: JLGK 1802 Study

Hasegawa H, Shin M, Kawagishi J, Jokura H, Hasegawa T, Kato T, Kawashima M, Shinya Y, Kenai H, Kawabe T, Sato M, Serizawa T, Nagano O, Aoyagi K, Kondoh T, Yamamoto M, Onoue S, Nakazaki K, Iwai Y, Yamanaka K, Hasegawa S, Kashiwabara K, Saito N, on Behalf of the JLGK 1802 Study Group

Background and Purpose To assess the long-term outcomes of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistula (DAVF) treated with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) alone or embolization and SRS (Emb-SRS) and to develop a grading...
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Serotonin Modulates the Correlations between Obsessive-compulsive Trait and Heart Rate Variability in Normal Healthy Subjects: A SPECT Study with [ 123 I]ADAM and Heart Rate Variability Measurement

Kuo CY, Chen KC, Lee IH, Tseng HH, Chiu NT, Chen PS, Yang YK, Chang WH

Objective: The impact of serotonergic system on obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is well studied. However, the correlation between OC presentations and autonomic nervous system (ANS) is still unclear. Furthermore, whether the...
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Factors that Affect Remission of Chemotherapy-Induced Peripheral Neuropathy Symptoms: Short-Term Prospective Study

Jeong GS, Choi JY, Choi H

Purpose: Patients experiencing chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) apply various palliative care as well as drugs in their daily life to alleviate symptoms. There is a need to identify the influence...
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Long-Term Management of Seizures after Surgical Treatment of Supratentorial Cavernous Malformations : A Retrospective Single Centre Study

Dziedzic TA, Koczyk K, Nowak A, Maj E, Marchel A

Objective : Seizure recurrence after the first-ever seizure in patients with a supratentorial cerebral cavernous malformation (CCM) is almost certain, so the diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy is justified. The...
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Risk Factors associated with Unplanned Removal of Nasogastric Tubes in Neurocritical Patients

Kang J, Yoo YS

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and risk factors associated with the unplanned removal of nasogastric (NG) tubes in neurocritical patients. Methods: Data were collected...
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Intraventricular Antimicrobial Therapy for Intractable Ventriculitis: Two Case Reports

Lee JW, Yoon Y, Kim SD, Kim YK

It is challenging to treat ventriculitis with parenteral treatment alone in some cases because of the difficulty involved in maintaining an appropriate level of antibiotics in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). We...
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Effectiveness of graded motor imagery in subjects with frozen shoulder: a pilot randomized controlled trial

Gurudut P, Godse AN

Background: Subjects with frozen shoulder (FS) might not be comfortable with vigorous physical therapy. Clinical trials assessing the effect of graded motor imagery (GMI) in FS are lacking. The aim...
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