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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements in Adult Patients during the Process of Determining Brain Death in Korea

Kim DH, Kwon OY, Yang TW, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Yeom JS, Kim YS

BACKGROUND: Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. Based on previous reports, it is not...
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Comparison of the Clinical Outcomes of an Ultrasound-Guided and C-Arm Guided Cervical Nerve Root Block

Ha DH, Shim DM, Kim TK, Oh SK, Lee HJ

PURPOSE: This paper compares the clinical outcomes of patients who were treated with a cervical nerve block by ultrasound and C-arm and reports the complication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of...
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Two Cases of Seronegative Paraneoplastic Neurologic Syndrome with Opsoclonus Nystagmus

Bae SH, Lee JM, Kim SH

The dizziness associated with paraneoplastic neurologic syndrome is hard to diagnose clinically because the prevalence of disease is rare, and radiologic and serologic examination result may come out normal. Opsoclonus-myoclonus...
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Two Cases of Opioid-Induced Hyperalgesia in Cancer Patients Treated with Opioids for Pain Management

Hong S, Kwon JH, Han SJ

Opioids are important drugs for the management of severe cancer pain without a ceiling effect. However, opioid administration leads to dose-limiting complications including drowsiness, hallucinations, delirium, respiratory depression, cognitive impairment,...
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Systematic Review of Vitamin B12 Regimen for Patient with Subacute Combined Degeneration of the Spinal Cord Following Nitrous Oxide Abuse

Chung JS, Choa MH, Chung SP, Park IC

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of vitamin B12 treatment in subacute combined degeneration (SCD) caused by nitrous oxide (Nâ‚‚O) abuse. METHODS: Relevant literature was accessed...
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Using Etomidate and Midazolam for Screening Colonoscopies Results in More Stable Hemodynamic Responses in Patients of All Ages

Lee JM, Min G, Keum B, Lee JM, Kim SH, Choi HS, Kim ES, Seo YS, Jeen YT, Chun HJ, Lee HS, Um SH, Kim CD

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recent studies have demonstrated that etomidate is a safe sedative drug with noninferior sedative effects. In our recent study, we revealed that etomidate/midazolam was more hemodynamically stable than propofol/midazolam...
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Cefepime Induced Encephalopathy Mimicking Acute Stroke

Kim YI, Hwang S, Choi B, Hwang J, Lee SH

Cefepime is a fourth-generation cephalosporin, developed in 1994, and is well known for its adverse effects. In 2002, the Food and Drug Administration adjusted the labeling to account for increased...
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Successful Treatment of Glycine-Receptor-Antibody-Mediated Progressive Encephalomyelitis with Rigidity and Myoclonus by Combining Steroids and Azathioprine

Lee EJ, Kim K, Choi JY, Park KS

No abstract available.
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Unusual Presentation of Propriospinal Myoclonus Occurring during Stable Sleep

Choi JH, Koo DL, Lee JY, Nam H

No abstract available.
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Comparison of priming versus slow injection for reducing etomidate-induced myoclonus: a randomized controlled study

Mullick P, Talwar V, Aggarwal S, Prakash S, Pawar M

BACKGROUND: Etomidate injection is often associated with myoclonus. Etomidate injection technique influences the incidence of myoclonus. This study was designed to clarify which of the two injection techniques—slow injection or...
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First Molecular Diagnosis of a Patient with Unverricht-Lundborg Disease in Korea

Kim KH, Song JS, Park CW, Ki CS, Heo K

Unverricht-Lundborg disease (ULD) is a form of progressive myoclonus epilepsy characterized by stimulation-induced myoclonus and seizures. This disease is an autosomal recessive disorder, and the gene CSTB, which encodes cystatin...
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CLN6 Mutation in a Patient with Progressive Myoclonus Epilepsy

Lee HG, Yoon BA, Kim YO, Kim MK, Woo YJ

Neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCLs) are inherited neurodegenerative disorders, which are caused by the accumulation of lipopigment in lysosomes. Variant forms of late infantile NCLs (vLINCLs) characterized by a later onset...
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Hashimoto's Encephalopathy with Reversible Diffuse Leukoencephalopathy

Hwang W, Jeong DE

BACKGROUND: The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of Hashimoto's encephalopathy (HE) are variable; images range from having a normal appearance, to showing ischemic lesions, demyelination, or vasogenic edema. CASE REPORT: A...
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Effectiveness of Combining Behavioral Treatment With Valproic Acid for Dysphagia Caused by Palatal Myoclonus in Patients With Stroke: Two Case Reports

Kim BR, Lee Y, Kim SJ, Kim H, Lee JW, Lee S, Lee J

Palatal myoclonus (PM) is a rare disease that may induce dysphagia. Since dysphagia related to PM is unique and is characterized by myoclonic movements of the involved muscles, specific treatments...
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Sleep Disorders Documented by Night Polysomnography in Patients with Chronic Insomnia Disorder

Kang MR, Choi SJ, Joo EY

BACKGROUND: To investigate the sleep disorders related to chronic insomnia and compare the characteristics of each group. METHODS: We registered 191 patients (female 56.0%, age 61.7 years) who have complained about...
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Negative myoclonus associated with pregabalin

Park KD, Kim MK, Lee SJ

Negative myoclonus (NM) is a jerky, shock-like involuntary movement caused by a sudden, brief interruption of muscle contraction. An 80-year-old man presented with multifocal NM and confusion. Two days before...
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Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease with V180I Mutation Presented with Broca's Aphasia

Kim J, Lee DS, Park KW

Familial Creutzfeldt-Jakob Disease (fCJD) is characteristic with older age onset, relatively low occurrence rate, slower progression and lower possibility of developing myoclonus, cerebellar, pyramidal signs and visual disturbance compared with...
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PSEN1 p.Met233Val in a Complex Neurodegenerative Movement and Neuropsychiatric Disorder

Appel-Cresswell S, Guella I, Lehman A, Foti D, Farrer MJ

Mutations in presenilin 1 (PSEN1) are the most common cause of autosomal dominant Alzheimer's disease. Here, we report a Canadian-Vietnamese family carrying a PSEN1 p.Met233Val mutation with an exceptionally early...
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Spinal Myoclonus Responding to Continuous Intrathecal Morphine Pump

Ahn JE, Yoo D, Jung KY, Kim JM, Jeon B, Lee MC

Spinal myoclonus is a sudden, brief, and involuntary movement of segmental or propriospinal muscle groups. Spinal myoclonus has occasionally been reported in patients undergoing opioid therapy, but the pathophysiology of...
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Three Cases of Gait Improvement after Rehabilitation Management in Corticobasal Syndrome

Bang MH, Kwon J, Kim HS

Corticobasal syndrome (CBS) is characterized by asymmetric dystonia, and myoclonus accompanied by higher cortical features including apraxia, alien limb phenomena, cortical sensory loss. Here, we report treatment course of 3...
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