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Larval Gnathostomes and Spargana in Chinese Edible Frogs, Hoplobatrachus rugulosus, from Myanmar: Potential Risk of Human Infection

Chai JY, Jung BK, Ryu JY, Kim HS, Hong SJ, Htoon TT, Tin HH, Na BK, Sohn WM

Chinese edible frogs, Hoplobatrachus rugulosus, were examined to estimate the potential risks of human gnathostomiasis and sparganosis in Myanmar. A total of 20 frogs were purchased in a local market...
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User Acceptance of Electronic Medical Record System: Implementation at Marie Stopes International, Myanmar

Thit WM, Myint Thu SWY, Kaewkungwal J, Soonthornworasiri N, Theera-Ampornpunt N, Kijsanayotin B, Lawpoolsri S, Naing S, Pan-ngum W

Objectives: This study assessed the technical feasibility and aimed to determine the factors influencing intention to use Electronic Medical Records (EMRs) at Marie Stopes International, Myanmar (MSI-M). Methods: A cross-sectional survey...
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Spatiotemporal Trends of Malaria in Relation to Economic Development and Cross-Border Movement along the China–Myanmar Border in Yunnan Province

Zhao X, Thanapongtharm W, Lawawirojwong S, Wei C, Tang Y, Zhou Y, Sun X, Sattabongkot J, Kaewkungwal J

The heterogeneity and complexity of malaria involves political and natural environments, socioeconomic development, cross-border movement, and vector biology; factors that cannot be changed in a short time. This study aimed...
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Effect of Mass Drug Administration with a Single Dose of Albendazole on Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura Infection among Schoolchildren in Yangon Region, Myanmar

Chai JY, Sohn WM, Hong SJ, Jung BK, Hong S, Cho S, Park JB, Kim IS, Kim S, Lee KH, Jeoung HG, Htoon TT, Tin HH

Soil-transmitted helminths, including Ascaris lumbricoides and Trichuris trichiura, are important intestinal parasites mostly affecting younger people in developing countries. In 2014-2015, we performed mass fecal examinations targeting a total of...
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Overall Prevalence and Distribution of Knockdown Resistance (kdr) Mutations in Aedes aegypti from Mandalay Region, Myanmar

Naw H, Su MNC, Võ TC, Lê HG, Kang JM, Jun H, Mya YY, Myint MK, Lee J, Sohn WM, Kim TS, Na BK

Knockdown resistance (kdr) mutations in the voltage-gated sodium channel (VGSC) of mosquitoes confer resistance to insecticides. Although insecticide resistance has been suspected to be widespread in the natural population of...
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Morphological and Molecular Characteristics of Clinostomid Metacercariae from Korea and Myanmar

Won EJ, Lee YJ, Kim MJ, Chai JY, Na BK, Sohn WM

Morphological and molecular characterization of clinostomid metacercariae (CMc) was performed with the specimens collected in fish from Korea and Myanmar. Total 6 batches of clinostomid specimens by the fish species...
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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii among School Children in Pyin Oo Lwin and Naung Cho, Upper Myanmar

Thái TL, Jun H, Park SH, Lê HG, Lee J, Ahn SK, Kang JM, Myint MK, Lin K, Sohn WM, Nam HW, Na BK, Kim TS

Toxoplasma gondii is an apicomplexan parasite that can cause toxoplasmosis in a wide range of warm-blooded animals including humans. In this study, we analyzed seroprevalence of T. gondii among 467...
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Dietary Diversity, Social Support and Stunting among Children Aged 6–59 Months in an Internally Displaced Persons Camp in Kayin State, Myanmar

Hein AK, Hong SA, Puckpinyo , Tejativaddhana P

Children living in the internally displaced person (IDP) camp are at higher risk of stunting. This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the prevalence and to identify the associated factors of...
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Genetic and Morphologic Identification of Spirometra ranarum in Myanmar

Jeon HK, Park H, Lee D, Choe S, Kang Y, Bia MM, Lee SH, Sohn WM, Hong SJ, Chai JY, Eom KS

In the present study, we identified a Spirometra species of Myanmar origin (plerocercoid) by molecular analysis using mitochondrial cox1 and nad1 genes, as well as by morphological observations of an...
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Characterizing Helicobacter pylori cagA in Myanmar

Myint T, Miftahussurur M, Vilaichone Rk, Ni N, Aye TT, Subsomwong P, Uchida T, Mahachai V, Yamaoka Y

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Differences in the Helicobacter pylori infection rate are not sufficient to clarify the dissimilarity of gastric cancer incidence between Myanmar and its neighboring countries. To better understand this trend,...
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Current Status of Standard Diagnostics and Treatment for Malaria, Tuberculosis, and Hepatitis in Myanmar

Han ET, Lee JS, Cheong JH, Chang CL, Nyunt MH, Aung WW, Kyaw YY, Thant KZ

Malaria, tuberculosis, and hepatitis are common and notorious infectious diseases in Myanmar. Despite intensive efforts to control these diseases, their prevalence remains high. For malaria, which is a vector-borne disease,...
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Satisfaction with Paper-Based Dental Records and Perception of Electronic Dental Records among Dental Professionals in Myanmar

Thu SW, Kijsanayotin B, Kaewkungwal J, Soonthornworasiri N, Pan-ngum W

OBJECTIVES: To overcome challenges in the implementation of electronic dental record systems in a low-resource setting, it is crucial to know the level of users’ satisfaction with the existing system...
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Genetic Diversity and Natural Selection in 42 kDa Region of Plasmodium vivax Merozoite Surface Protein-1 from China-Myanmar Endemic Border

Zhou X, Tambo E, Su J, Fang Q, Ruan W, Chen JH, Yin MB, Zhou XN

Plasmodium vivax merozoite surface protein-1 (PvMSP1) gene codes for a major malaria vaccine candidate antigen. However, its polymorphic nature represents an obstacle to the design of a protective vaccine. In...
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Prevalence of Intestinal Protozoans among Schoolchildren in Suburban Areas near Yangon, Myanmar

Kim MJ, Jung BK, Cho J, Kim DG, Song H, Lee KH, Cho S, Htoon TT, Tin HH, Chai JY

Although intestinal protozoans are common etiologies of diarrhea, few studies have been conducted in Myanmar. This study planned to investigate the prevalence of Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba coli, Entamoeba histolytica, and...
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Phenotypic and Genotypic Analysis of Anti-Tuberculosis Drug Resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis Isolates in Myanmar

Aung WW, Ei PW, Nyunt WW, Swe TL, Lwin T, Htwe MM, Kim KJ, Lee JS, Kim CK, Cho SN, Song SD, Chang CL

BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis (TB) is one of the most serious health problems in Myanmar. Because TB drug resistance is associated with genetic mutation(s) relevant to responses to each drug, genotypic methods...
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Subtype Distribution of Blastocystis in Thai-Myanmar Border, Thailand

Popruk S, Udonsom R, Koompapong K, Mahittikorn A, Kusolsuk T, Ruangsittichai J, Palasuwan

Blastocystis sp. is a common zoonotic intestinal protozoa which has been classified into 17 subtypes (STs). A cross-sectional study was conducted to determine the prevalence and subtype distribution of Blastocystis...
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High Prevalence of Enterobius vermicularis Infection among Schoolchildren in Three Townships around Yangon, Myanmar

Chai JY, Yang SK, Kim JW, Choi SL, Song GY, Jung BK, Kim MJ, Cho J, Kim DG, Sohn WM, Jeoung HG, Cho S, Park JB, Hong S, Htoon TT, Tin HH

In order to determine the status of Enterobius vermicularis infection among schoolchildren in suburban areas of Myanmar, 761 primary schoolchildren in 3 different townships around Yangon City were subjected to...
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Larval Gnathostoma spinigerum Detected in Asian Swamp Eels, Monopterus albus, Purchased from a Local Market in Yangon, Myanmar

Chai JY, Sohn WM, Na BK, Park JB, Jeoung HG, Hoang EH, Htoon TT, Tin HH

The present study was performed to determine the infection status of swamp eels with Gnathostoma sp. larvae in Myanmar. We purchased total 37 Asian swamp eels, Monopterus albus, from a...
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High Levels of Antibodies to Plasmodium falciparum Liver Stage Antigen-1 in Naturally Infected Individuals in Myanmar

Lee HW, Moon SU, Kim YJ, Cho SH, Lin K, Na BK, Kim TS

Plasmodium falciparum liver stage antigen-1 (PfLSA-1) is one of the few antigens expressed exclusively in liver stage parasites. In this study, we evaluated the antibody responses against recombinant PfLSA-1 in...
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Detection of Gnathostoma spinigerum Third-Stage Larvae in Snakeheads Purchased from a Central Part of Myanmar

Jung BK, Lee JJ, Pyo KH, Kim HJ, Jeong HG, Yoon CH, Lee SH, Shin EH, Chai JY

To examine the infection status of freshwater fish with Gnathostoma spp. larvae in Myanmar, we purchased 15 snakeheads, Channa striatus, from a local market in a suburban area of Naypyidaw,...
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