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Assessment of Muscle Quantity, Quality and Function

Koo BK

Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength that can increase the risk of physical disability, chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases,...
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Juvenile Dermatomyositis

Rhim JW

Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a systemic capillary vasculopathy. Patients present with proximal muscle weakness, raised muscle enzymes, and pathognomic skin rashes such as heliotrope rash, Gottron’s papules. Main complications are...
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Clinical Features and Outcome of Juvenile Dermatomyositis: A Retrospective Study and Literature Review

Kim TR, Bae KN, Son JH, Shin K, Kim HS, Ko HC, Kim MB, Kim BS

  • KMID: 2522539
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2021 Nov;59(9):699-706.
Background: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is a rare but common childhood idiopathic inflammatory myopathy. Proximal muscle weakness and pathognomonic skin rash, Gottron papules, and heliotrope rash are characteristic clinical features of...
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Laplacian-Regularized Mean Apparent Propagator-MRI in Evaluating Corticospinal Tract Injury in Patients with Brain Glioma

Jiang R, Jiang S, Song S, Wei X, Deng K, Zhang Z, Xue Y

Objective: To evaluate the application of laplacian-regularized mean apparent propagator (MAPL)-MRI to brain glioma-induced corticospinal tract (CST) injury. Materials and Methods: This study included 20 patients with glioma adjacent to the...
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Drug-Induced Hyperkalemia Mimicking Guillain-Barre Syndrome

Park SH, Shin KJ

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Muscle pathology in neuromuscular disorders

Park YE, Shin JH, Kim DS

Muscle pathology findings may guide the diagnosis of neuromuscular disorders since they are helpful for understanding the pathological processes causing muscle weakness and also provide significant clues for the diagnosis...
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The Effect of Electrical Muscle Stimulation and In-bed Cycling on Muscle Strength and Mass of Mechanically Ventilated Patients: A Pilot Study

Woo K, Kim J, Kim HB, Choi H, Kim K, Lee D, Na S

BACKGROUND: Critically ill patients experience muscle weakness, which leads to functional disability. Both functional electrical stimulation (FES) and in-bed cycling can be an alternative measure for intensive care unit (ICU)...
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A case of acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy presenting reversible conduction block

Lee D, Kim HC, Park KM, Park J, Ha SY, Kim SE, Lee BI, Kim JK, Yoon B, Shin KJ

Reversible conduction block (RCB) was rare in patients with acute motor sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN). A-46-year-old man presented with paresthesia, weakness, diplopia, and dysarthria. Nerve conduction study (NCS) exhibited axonal...
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A Fast Recovery of Muscle Weakness after Zoster-Induced Brachial Plexitis

Kim JY, Song SH, Kim SH, Koh KH, Yoo JH

Varicella zoster virus (VZV)-induced brachioplexitis is a rare disease, characterized by exacerbating ipsilateral upper extremity pain, muscular weakness, and delay in recovery. We report a 54-year-old female patient who made...
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Neurogenic muscle hypertrophy: a case report

Shin HH, Jeon YH, Jang SW, Kim SY

Muscular hypertrophy is caused mainly due to myopathic disorder. But, it is also rarely produced by neurogenic disorder. A 74-year-old woman complained of right calf pain with hypertrophy for several...
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Leg Weakness Caused by Bilateral Piriformis Syndrome: A Case Report

Moon HB, Nam KY, Kwon BS, Park JW, Ryu GH, Lee HJ, Kim CJ

Piriformis syndrome (PS) is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder caused by the piriformis muscle (PM) compressing the sciatic nerve (SN). The main symptom of PS is sciatica, which worsens with certain...
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Motor Weakness of Right Ankle Dorsiflexion Caused by Increasing Size of Sacroiliac Joint Cyst after Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion in a Patient with Spinal Stenosis: A Case Report

Kwon JE, Ahn YJ, Yang BK, Yi SR, Lim SH, Lee YH, Kim HM

STUDY DESIGN: Case report OBJECTIVES: To report a case of motor weakness caused by the increasing size of a sacroiliac joint cyst after spinal fusion. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There have been...
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Muscle Weakness in a Patient with History of Poliomyelitis: A Differential Diagnosis for Post-polio Syndrome (PPS) and Dermatomyositis

An SH, Na HY, Kang SH, Park SY, Yu HM, Lee CH, Kim JW, Kwon SW, Lee J, Kim HR, Lee SH

Dermatomyositis (DM) is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy, characterized by inflammation of the proximal skeletal muscles and typical skin manifestations, which results in symmetric muscle weakness. A 43-year-old man was presented...
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Trunk Muscles Strength as a Risk Factor for Nonspecific Low Back Pain: A Pilot Study

Cho KH, Beom JW, Lee TS, Lim JH, Lee TH, Yuk JH

  • KMID: 2407884
  • Ann Rehabil Med.
  • 2014 Apr;38(2):234-240.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of asymptomatic back muscle weakness and spinal deformity on low back pain (LBP). METHODS: Sixty healthy subjects without LBP participated in this study. Radiography and an...
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Femoral Nerve Palsy with Patella Fracture

Lee SH, Lee TJ, Woo MS, Kwon DG

Femoral neuropathy may be associated with various etiologies and can cause severe walking disability. We present the case of a 25-year-old woman who underwent surgical repair for a patella fracture...
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Clinical and Physiopathological Mechanism of Sarcopenia

Hong S, Choi WH

  • KMID: 2264562
  • Korean J Med.
  • 2012 Oct;83(4):444-454.
Sarcopenia is defined the loss of muscle mass and strength with aging. Although the etiology and the pathogenesis, the diagnosis of sarcopenia are obscure, the sequel of sarcopenia, i.e. morbidity...
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A Study Regarding the Work Fitness of a Manufacturing Worker Suffering from a Stroke and Muscle Weakness

Ryu EK, Yong JS, Kim JW

  • KMID: 2075183
  • Korean J Occup Environ Med.
  • 2012 Sep;24(3):294-303.
OBJECTIVES: Occupational health and safety guidelines have the goals of protecting workers, helping them to adapt to their working environment, and to promote their health and ability. In the work...
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Weakness of Index, Middle and Ring Fingers Due to Precentral Gyrus Infarction

Na JY, Lee WG, Lee JH, Kim MK, Yoo BG

  • KMID: 1966531
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2012 Aug;30(3):225-226.
No abstract available.
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Muscle Weakening Effect After Superior Rectus Z-myotomy in Rabbits

Ku HC, Park YG, Lee SY, Lee YC

  • KMID: 2337862
  • J Korean Ophthalmol Soc.
  • 2010 Aug;51(8):1121-1128.
PURPOSE: To experimentally investigate the effect for muscle weakness after superior rectus Z-myotomy and histological changes. METHODS: Superior rectus muscle fibers of rabbits (16 rabbits, 32 eyes) were cut transversely with...
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A clinical analysis of juvenile dermatomyositis; focus on clinical manifestations at diagnosis

Lee SY, Bang JS, Kim HS, Kim JG

PURPOSE: Juvenile dermatomyositis (JDM) is the most common of the idiopathic inflammatory myopathies in children. The purpose of this study is to observe demographic, initial presentations, duration of time between...
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