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Canonical Transient Receptor Potential Channels and Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Plasticity

Nishida M, Tanaka T, Mangmool S, Nishiyama , Nishimura

Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) play a pivotal role in the stability and tonic regulation of vascular homeostasis. VSMCs can switch back and forth between highly proliferative (synthetic) and fully...
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Decreased inward rectifier and voltage-gated K⁺ currents of the right septal coronary artery smooth muscle cells in pulmonary arterial hypertensive rats

Kim SE, Yin MZ, Kim HJ, Vorn R, Yoo HY, Kim SJ

In vascular smooth muscle, K⁺ channels, such as voltage-gated K⁺ channels (Kv), inward-rectifier K⁺ channels (Kir), and big-conductance Ca²⁺-activated K⁺ channels (BK(Ca)), establish a hyperpolarized membrane potential and counterbalance the...
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Quercetin-induced apoptosis ameliorates vascular smooth muscle cell senescence through AMP-activated protein kinase signaling pathway

Kim SG, Sung JY, Kim JR, Choi HC

Aging is one of the risk factors for the development of cardiovascular diseases. During the progression of cellular senescence, cells enter a state of irreversible growth arrest and display resistance...
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Effect of dyslipidemia on vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation in a porcine coronary restenosis model

Jeong KJ, Kang P, Lee HY, Son HC, Park SH, Choi WS, Koo BS, Jeon CY, Baek SH, An YJ, Kim HK, Kim SS, Park JK, Bae IH, Park DS, Shim JW, Kim JU, Kim NY, Kim SU, Lim KS, Jeong MH

This study aimed to examine the effect of a mild elevation in serum cholesterol level in a porcine coronary overstretch restenosis model using a balloon angioplasty catheter or drug-eluting coronary...
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Anti-malarial Drugs Reduce Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation via Activation of AMPK and Inhibition of Smad3 Signaling

Lee H, Han JH, Kim S, Kim S, Cho DH, Woo CH

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of 2 anti-malarial drugs, chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), on inhibition of vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation both...
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Carpinus turczaninowii extract modulates arterial inflammatory response: a potential therapeutic use for atherosclerosis

Son YK, Yoon SR, Bang WY, Bae CH, Yeo JH, Yeo R, An J, Song J, Kim OY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Vascular inflammation is an important feature in the atherosclerotic process. Recent studies report that leaves and branches of Carpinus turczaninowii (C. turczaninowii) have antioxidant capacity and exert anti-inflammatory effects....
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Angiotensin II Type 1 Receptor Blocker, Fimasartan, Reduces Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Senescence by Inhibiting the CYR61 Signaling Pathway

Kim I, Park CS, Lee HY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been suggested to accelerate vascular senescence, however the molecular mechanism(s) remain unknown. METHODS: We cultured human coronary artery smooth muscle cells (hCSMCs) and...
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Regulatory Mechanism of MicroRNA-145 in the Pathogenesis of Acute Aortic Dissection

Li T, Liu C, Liu L, Xia H, Xiao Y, Wang X, Wang Y

PURPOSE: Previous studies have confirmed that microRNAs play important roles in the pathogenesis of acute aortic dissection (AAD). Here, we aimed to explore the role of miR-145 and its regulatory...
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Vascular Calcification in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

Jung JY

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are very common in patients with chronic kidney disease, which may result in part from vascular calcification. Vascular calcification requires osteoblastic trans-differentiation of vascular smooth muscle...
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Porphyromonas gingivalis lipopolysaccharide stimulates vascular smooth muscle cell migration through signal transducer and activator of transcription 3-mediated matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression

Kim Y, Park JY, Park HJ, Kim MK, Kim YI, Bae SK, Kim HJ, Bae MK

Periodontal diseases have been associated with the development of cardiovascular diseases. Accumulating evidences have indicated that Porphyromonas gingivalis, a major periodontopathic pathogen, plays a critical role in the pathogenesis of...
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Angiotensin II type 1 receptor antibodies in kidney transplantation

Lee H, Oh EJ

Angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AT1R) antibodies directly injure endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells by activating transcription factors associated with proinflammatory responses. Previous studies have shown that AT1R antibodies...
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rBMSCs/ITGA5B1 Promotes Human Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Differentiation via Enhancing Nitric Oxide Production

Zhang Y, Ding J, Xu C, Yang H, Xia P, Ma S, Chen H

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have shown that integrins alpha5beta1 (ITGA5B1) gene-modified rat bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (rBMSCs) could prevent cell anoikis and increase the nitric oxide (NO) production....
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Endothelium Independent Effect of Pelargonidin on Vasoconstriction in Rat Aorta

Min YS, Yoon HJ, Je HD, Lee JH, Yoo SS, Shim HS, Lee HY, La HO, Sohn UD

In this study, we investigated the effects of pelargonidin, an anthocyanidin found in many fruits and vegetables, on endothelium-independent vascular contractility to determine the underlying mechanism of relaxation. Isometric contractions...
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α-Isocubebene modulates vascular tone by inhibiting myosin light chain phosphorylation in murine thoracic aorta

Ye BH, Kim EJ, Baek SE, Choi YW, Park SY, Kim CD

α-Iso-cubebene (ICB) is a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignin contained in Schisandra chinensis (SC), a well-known medicinal herb that ameliorates cardiovascular symptoms, but the mechanism responsible for this activity has not been determined....
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Anti-apoptotic effects of autophagy via ROS regulation in microtubule-targeted and PDGF-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells

Park HS, Han JH, Jung SH, Lee DH, Heo KS, Myung CS

Autophagy has been studied as a therapeutic strategy for cardiovascular diseases. However, insufficient studies have been reported concerning the influence of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) through autophagy regulation. The...
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Arginase Inhibition Suppresses Native Low-Density Lipoprotein-Stimulated Vascular Smooth Muscle Cell Proliferation by NADPH Oxidase Inactivation

Koo BH, Yi BG, Wang WK, Ko IY, Hoe KL, Kwon YG, Won MH, Kim YM, Lim HK, Ryoo S

PURPOSE: Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) proliferation induced by native low-density lipoprotein (nLDL) stimulation is dependent on superoxide production from activated NADPH oxidase. The present study aimed to investigate whether...
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Hypothermia Inhibits Endothelium-Independent Vascular Contractility via Rho-kinase Inhibition

Chung YH, Oh KW, Kim ST, Park ES, Je HD, Yoon HJ, Sohn UD, Jeong JH, La HO

The present study was undertaken to investigate the influence of hypothermia on endothelium-independent vascular smooth muscle contractility and to determine the mechanism underlying the relaxation. Denuded aortic rings from male...
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Fluvastatin inhibits advanced glycation end products-induced proliferation, migration, and extracellular matrix accumulation in vascular smooth muscle cells by targeting connective tissue growth factor

Hwang AR, Nam JO, Kang YJ

Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a novel fibrotic mediator, which is considered to mediate fibrosis through extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in diabetic cardiovascular complications. Statins have significant immunomodulatory effects...
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Silencing MR-1 attenuates atherosclerosis in ApoE(−/−) mice induced by angiotensin II through FAK-Akt–mTOR-NF-kappaB signaling pathway

Chen Y, Cao J, Zhao Q, Luo H, Wang Y, Dai W

Myofibrillogenesis regulator-1 (MR-1) is a novel protein involved in cellular proliferation, migration, inflammatory reaction and signal transduction. However, little information is available on the relationship between MR-1 expression and the...
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Angioleiomyoma Originating from the Auricle

Park JH, Kong SK, Goh EK, Oh SJ

Angioleiomyoma is a benign tumor which arises from vascular smooth muscle. It originates primarily in the upper and lower extremities, but several isolated cases have been described. Although angioleiomyoma has...
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