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A Longitudinal Study of Adult Patients with Staphylococcus aureus Bacteremia over 11 Years in Korea

Choi SH, Lee J, Jung J, Kim ES, Kim MJ, Chong YP, Kim SH, Lee SO, Choi SH, Woo JH, Kim YS

Background: The temporal changes in the Staphylococcus aureus genotypes causing S. aureus bacteremia (SAB) and the corresponding clinical changes over the last decade in South Korea are rarely investigated. Methods: A longitudinal...
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Molecular subtyping and antimicrobial susceptibility of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis isolates from clinically diseased pigs

Oh SI, Kim JW, Kim J, So B, Kim B, Kim HY

Background: Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) acts as an etiological agent for lameness, neurological signs, and high mortality in pigs. Despite its importance in pig industries and zoonotic potential, little...
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Emergence of optrA-Mediated Linezolid-Nonsusceptible Enterococcus faecalis in a Tertiary Care Hospital

Park K, Jeong YS, Chang J, Sung H, Kim MN

This study investigated resistance mechanisms and epidemiology of emerging linezolid-nonsusceptible Enterococcus faecalis (LNSEF) in a tertiary care hospital. LNSEF isolated from clinical samples were collected from November 2017 to June...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Korea

Kim B, Seo MR, Kim J, Kim Y, Wie SH, Ki M, Cho YK, Lim S, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

Background: Escherichia coli is the predominant causative pathogen for community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs), and the increase in fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli is of great concern in Korea. The objectives of...
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Dissemination of Carbapenem-Resistance among Multidrug Resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa carrying Metallo-Beta-Lactamase Genes, including the Novel bla(IMP-65) Gene in Thailand

Khuntayaporn P, Yamprayoonswat W, Yasawong M, Chomnawang MT

BACKGROUND: Pseudomonas aeruginosa is considered as one of the most emerging threats in this century. Serious infections caused by this pathogen are often treated by carbapenems which are the last...
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Molecular Analysis of Eight American Type Culture Collection Gonococcal Strains by Neisseria gonorrhoeae Multiantigen Sequence Typing and PorB Sequence Typing

Chung Y, Han M, Park JY, Kang S, Kim I, Park JA, Kim JS

BACKGROUND: Molecular epidemiological typing of Neisseria gonorrhoeae is crucial for monitoring the spread of resistant strains. As reference strains can be used for laboratory internal quality control, we genetically characterised...
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An Excel Macro for Determining Allelic and Sequence Types of Bacterial Clones in Multilocus Sequence Typing

Park YJ, Choi MH, Kim D, Lee K, Kim HO, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) was designed to overcome the low discriminatory power and poor reproducibility of previous molecular typing schemes, and it is useful for inter-laboratory, inter-regional, and inter-national...
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Biological and Genetic Characteristics of Clinically Isolated Enterobacter cloacae with Multidrug Resistance

Kim JJ, Koo SH

BACKGROUND: From January 2014 to December 2015, 69 clones of Enterobacter cloacae showing multidrug resistance to six classes of antimicrobial agents were collected from two medical centers in Korea. METHODS: Minimum...
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Comparison of Enterococcus faecium Bacteremic Isolates from Hematologic and Non-hematologic Patients: Differences in Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Characteristics

Cho SY, Park YJ, Cho H, Park DJ, Yu JK, Oak HC, Lee DG

BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecium, especially vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREfm), is a major concern for patients with hematologic diseases. Exposure to antibiotics including fluoroquinolone, which is used as a routine prophylaxis for...
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Molecular Epidemiological Features and Antibiotic Susceptibility Patterns of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis Isolates from Korea and Japan

Kim S, Byun JH, Park H, Lee J, Lee HS, Yoshida H, Shibayama , Fujita T, Tsuyuki Y, Takahashi

BACKGROUND: The molecular characterization of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis (SDSE) has not yet been performed in Korea. This study aimed to find the differences or similarities in the clinical features,...
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Pathologic and molecular characterization of Streptococcus dysgalactiae subsp. equisimilis infection in neonatal piglets

Oh SI, Kim JW, Jung JY, Chae M, Lee YR, Kim JH, So B, Kim HY

Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE) is an emerging pathogen in animals and humans. Herein, we describe two clinical swine cases of SDSE infection presenting with lameness, neurological signs, or sudden...
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Uropathogenic Escherichia coli ST131 in urinary tract infections in children

Yun KW, Lee MK, Kim W, Lim IS

PURPOSE: Escherichia coli sequence type (ST) 131, a multidrug-resistant clone causing extraintestinal infections, has rapidly become prevalent worldwide. However, the epidemiological and clinical features of pediatric infections are poorly understood....
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Molecular Epidemiology of Bacillus cereus in a Pediatric Cancer Center

Kim JM, Park KS, Lee BK, Kim SJ, Kang JM, Kim Y, Yoo KH, Sung KW, Koo HH, Lee NY, Kim YJ

PURPOSE: Bacillus cereus has been reported as the cause of nosocomial infections in cancer patients. In our pediatric cancer ward, a sudden rise in the number of patients with B....
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Prevalence of Major Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus Clones in Korea Between 2001 and 2008

Kang GS, Jung YH, Kim HS, Lee YS, Park C, Lee KJ, Cha JO

BACKGROUND: Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) are important pathogens causing nosocomial infections in Korean hospitals. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiological and genetic diversity of clinical S. aureus isolates in...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Characterization of Propionibacterium acnes by Multilocus Sequence Typing and Repetitive-Sequence-Based PCR

Kim S, Song H, Lee WJ, Kim J

Propionibacterium acnes, a gram-positive, anaerobic, and aerotolerant bacterium that is found frequently in the skin as part of the human microbiome causes inflammatory acne, shoulder infection, and the contamination of...
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Modified Method of Multilocus Sequence Typing (MLST) for Serotyping in Salmonella Species

Yun YS, Chae SJ, Na HY, Chung GT, Yoo CK, Lee DY

Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) of Salmonella is useful method for replacing serotyping using antisera but is limited by difficulties associated with in polymerase chain reaction (PCR). We optimized the PCR...
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Genotypes of Clinical and Environmental Isolates of Cryptococcus neoformans and Cryptococcus gattii in Korea

Park SH, Choi SC, Lee KW, Kim MN, Hwang SM

Multilocus sequence typing analysis was applied to determine the genotypes of 147 (137 clinical and 10 environmental) Cryptococcus neoformans and three clinical Cryptococcus gattii isolates from 1993 to 2014 in...
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Molecular typing of uropathogenic Escherichia coli isolated from Korean children with urinary tract infection

Yun KW, Kim DS, Kim W, Lim IS

PURPOSE: We investigated the molecular types of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) by using conventional phylogrouping, multilocus sequence typing (MLST), and fimH genotyping. METHODS: Samples of patients younger than 18 years of...
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Molecular Typing of Mycobacterium intracellulare Using Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis, Variable-Number Tandem-Repeat Analysis, Mycobacteria Interspersed Repetitive-Unit-Variable-Number Tandem Repeat Typing, and Multilocus Sequence Typing: Molecular Characterization and Comparison of Each Typing Methods

Jeon S, Lim N, Kwon S, Shim T, Park M, Kim BJ, Kim S

Objectives Mycobacterium intracellulare is the major causative agent of nontuberculous mycobacteria-related pulmonary infections. The strain typing of M. intracellulare is important for the treatment and control of its infections. We compared...
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Phylogenetic Analyses of HBV Pre-S/S Genes in Mother-Child Pairs with Long-Term Infection by Presumed Vertical Transmission

Kim HS, Choi BY, Choi HS, Shin WG, Kim KH, Lee JH, Kim HY, Jang MK, Kim DJ, Lee MS, Park CK

Vertical transmission from mother to child, the main route of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in the East Asia, is considered one of the most important predictors for the...
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