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Lipid emulsion inhibits the cardiac toxicity caused by chloroquine via inhibition of reactive oxygen species production

Lee SH, Ok SH, Ahn SH, Sim G, Kim HJ, Kim M, Yoon S, Sohn JT

Background: Lipid emulsion (LE) is effective in treating intractable cardiac depression induced by the toxicity of highly lipid-soluble drugs including local anesthetics. However, the effect of LE on chloroquine (CQ)-evoked...
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Antisense oligodeoxynucleotides against dynamin-related protein 1 reduce remifentanilinduced hyperalgesia by modulating spinal N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor expression in rats

Zhou S, Pan Y, Zhang Y, Gu L, Ma L, Xu Q, Wang W, Sun J

Background: Spinal N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor activation is attributed to remifentanil-induced hyperalgesia (RIH). However, the specific mechanism and subsequent treatment is still unknown. Previous studies have shown that the dynamin-related protein...
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A Case of MELAS Syndrome Involving Diabetes Mellitus, Cerebellar Ataxia and Progressive Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Kang SS, Lee WW, Choi JH, Shim HJ

Mitochondrial encephalopathy, lactic acidosis, and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome is a maternally inherited mitochondrial disorder. MELAS syndrome manifests different clinical symptoms due to mitochondrial heteroplasmy and individual susceptibility and tends...
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Mitochondrial-Encoded Peptide MOTS-c, Diabetes, and Aging-Related Diseases

Kong BS, Lee C, Cho YM

Mitochondria are complex metabolic organelles with manifold pathophysiological implications in diabetes. Currently published mitochondrial-encoded peptides, which are expressed from the mitochondrial open reading frame of the 12S ribosomal RNA type-c...
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The Calcineurin-Drp1-Mediated Mitochondrial Fragmentation is Aligned with the Differentiation of c-Kit Cardiac Progenitor Cells

Rahman A, Li Y, Ismail NI, Chan TK, Li Y, Xu D, Zhou H, Ong SB

Objective: The heart contains a pool of c-kit+ progenitor cells which is believed to be able to regenerate. The differentiation of these progenitor cells is reliant on different physiological cues....
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Differential Expression of NME4 in Trophoblast Stem-Like Cells and Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells of Normal Pregnancy and Preeclampsia

Yu JH, Jung YJ, Kim MS, Cho SR, Kim YH

Background: Preeclampsia (PE) is known to arise from insufficient trophoblast invasion as uterine spiral arteries lack remodeling. A significant reduction in placental perfusion induces an ischemic placental microenvironment due to...
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Mitochondrial oxidative damage by co-exposure to bisphenol A and acetaminophen in rat testes and its amelioration by melatonin

Rashid H, Akhter MS, Alshahrani S, Qadri M, Nomier Y, Sageer M, Khan A, Alam MF, Anwer T, Ayoub R, Bahkali RJH

Objective: Human exposure to multiple xenobiotics, over various developmental windows, results in adverse health effects arising from these concomitant exposures. Humans are widely exposed to bisphenol A, and acetaminophen is...
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Mitochondria in reproduction

Kang MH, Kim YJ, Lee JH

In reproduction, mitochondria produce bioenergy, help to synthesize biomolecules, and support the ovaries, oogenesis, and preimplantation embryos, thereby facilitating healthy live births. However, the regulatory mechanism of mitochondria in oocytes...
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The Link between Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Sarcopenia: An Update Focusing on the Role of Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Kinase 4

Kim MJ, Sinam IS, Siddique Z, Jeon JH, Lee IK

Sarcopenia, defined as a progressive loss of muscle mass and function, is typified by mitochondrial dysfunction and loss of mitochondrial resilience. Sarcopenia is associated not only with aging, but also...
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Relation of ATPase6 Mutations and Telomere Length in Schizophrenia Patients

Uzuncakmak SK, Dirican E, Ozcan H, Takim U

Objective: Schizophrenia is a serious mental disorder. Mutations in mitochondrial genes can change energy metabolism. Telomere is a tandem sequence at the end of chromosomes. Shorter telomere length has been...
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Metabolic Challenges in Anticancer CD8 T Cell Functions

Amitrano AM, Kim M

Cancer immunotherapies continue to face numerous obstacles in the successful treatment of solid malignancies. While immunotherapy has emerged as an extremely effective treatment option for hematologic malignancies, it is largely...
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Telbivudine-Induced Myopathy: Clinical Features, Histopathological Characteristics, and Risk Factors

Lan MY, Lin HCL, Hu TH, Chen SFC, Chen CH, Chang YY, Chiu KW, Lin TK, Chen SS

Background and Purpose Oral nucleos(t)ide analogs (NAs) are the mainstay treatment for chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Myotoxicity is an important extrahepatic effect related to NA treatment. Telbivudine is the NA...
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Minoxidil Regulates Aging-Like Phenotypes in Rat Cortical Astrocytes In Vitro

Bang M, Yang SJ, Ahn T, Han SH, Shin CY, Kwon KJ

Mainly due to the slanted focus on the mechanism and regulation of neuronal aging, research on astrocyte aging and its modulation during brain aging is scarce. In this study, we...
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Melatonin Attenuates Mitochondrial Damage in Aristolochic AcidInduced Acute Kidney Injury

Sun J, Pan J, Liu Q, Cheng J, Tang Q, Ji Y, Cheng K, wang R, Liu L, Wang D, Wu N, Zheng X, Li J, Zhang X, Zhu Z, Ding Y, Zheng F, Li J, Zhang Y, Yuan Y

Aristolochic acid (AA), extracted from Aristolochiaceae plants, plays an essential role in traditional herbal medicines and is used for different diseases. However, AA has been found to be nephrotoxic and...
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Mitochondrial oxidative stress regulatory approaches for diabetic encephalopathy

Kim HJ, Kim DH, Jo HH, Lee HJ

Diabetic encephalopathy is a major complication with cognitive impairment and neurodegeneration in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM). DM-induced glucolipotoxicity is a risk factor for Alzheimer’s...
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Mitophagy stimulation as a novel strategy for the treatment of mitochondrial diseases

Lee KM, Yun J

Mitophagy, the selective degradation of damaged or surplus mitochondria using core autophagy machinery, plays an essential role in maintaining cellular mitochondrial function. Impaired mitophagy is closely linked to various human...
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Gemigliptin Alleviates Succinate-Induced Hepatic Stellate Cell Activation by Ameliorating Mitochondrial Dysfunction

Nguyen G, Park SY, Do DV, Choi DH, Cho EH

Background: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitors (DPP-4Is) are used clinically as oral antidiabetic agents. Although DPP-4Is are known to ameliorate liver fibrosis, the protective mechanism of DPP-4Is in liver fibrosis remains obscure....
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Mitochondrial Effects on the Physiological Characteristics of Lentinula edodes

Kim M, Yang SH, Han HG, Kim E, Kim S, Oh YL, Ro HS

In the mating of filamentous basidiomycetes, dikaryotic mycelia are generated through the reciprocal movement of nuclei to a monokaryotic cytoplasm where a nucleus of compatible mating type resides, resulting in...
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Role of Autophagy in the Pathogenesis of Diabetes and Therapeutic Potential of Autophagy Modulators in the Treatment of Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome

Oh SJ, Lee MS

Autophagy is critically involved in the maintenance of intracellular nutrient homeostasis and organelle function. Dysregulated autophagy is likely to play a role in the development of metabolic disorders and diabetes...
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Mitochondrial energy metabolic transcriptome profiles during cardiac differentiation from mouse and human pluripotent stem cells

Cho SW, Kim HK, Sung JH, Kim Y, Kim JH, Han J

Simultaneous myofibril and mitochondrial development is crucial for the cardiac differentiation of pluripotent stem cells (PSCs). Specifically, mitochondrial energy metabolism (MEM) development in cardiomyocytes is essential for the beating function....
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