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Vertical One-and-a-Half Syndrome Accompanying Contralateral Abduction and Incomplete Depression Palsy Due to Thalamo-Mesencephalic Infarction

Lee WG, Kim MK, Yoo BG

Vertical gaze palsy is usually associated with lesions of the rostral midbrain and thalamo-mesencephalic junction. The rostral interstitial nucleus of the medial longitudinal fasciculus (riMLF), the interstitial nucleus of Cajal,...
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Diffuse Midline Gliomas Harboring the H3 K27M-Mutation in the Bilateral Thalamus and Midbrain: A Case Report and a Review of the Literature

Kim IK, Kim JW, Hwang YJ, Lee BH, Seo JW

The diffuse midline glioma H3 K27M-mutant was only added recently to the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumours of the Central Nervous System. While similar tumors are found in...
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Functional Neuroanatomy for Posture and Gait Control

Takakusaki K

Here we argue functional neuroanatomy for posture-gait control. Multi-sensory information such as somatosensory, visual and vestibular sensation act on various areas of the brain so that adaptable posture-gait control can...
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Anesthetic experience of Benedikt syndrome complicating lumbar spine involved multiple myeloma: A case report

Lee JY, Jung WS, Lee SR, Jo YY

Benedikt syndrome is characterized by ipsilateral ophthalmoplegia with contralateral hemichorea due to a midbrain lesion. A 67-year-old male with Benedikt syndrome underwent corpectomy at L1 and anterolateral interbody fusion at...
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Micrographia after Midbrain Tegmental Infarction

Lee CM

Micrographia is an abnormal reduction in writing size that is a specific behavioral deficit associated with Parkinson's disease. A 24-year-old right-handed woman presented with sudden-onset right-hand micrographia. Brain magnetic resonance...
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Holmes' Tremor Associated with Bilateral Hypertrophic Olivary Degeneration Following Brain Stem Hemorrhage: A Case Report

Kim MK, Cho BM, Park SH, Yoon DY

Holmes' tremor is a condition characterized by a mixture of postural, rest, and action tremors due to midbrain lesions in the vicinity of the red nucleus. Hypertrophic olivary degeneration (HOD)...
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Isolated Inferior Rectus Palsy from Midbrain Infarction

Kim KJ, Huh YE, Kim JS

  • KMID: 1966497
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2011 Nov;29(4):399-400.
No abstract available.
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Isolated Inferior Rectus Palsy from Midbrain Infarction

Lee JS, Hwang KJ, Jung YJ, Rhee HY, Yoon SS

  • KMID: 2288737
  • Korean J Stroke.
  • 2011 Aug;13(2):96-98.
We describe a patient with isolated inferior rectus palsy due to midbrain infarction. A 68-year-old-man developed vertical diplopia of sudden onset which was maximal with a right lower side gaze....
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Somatotopic Arrangement and Location of the Corticospinal Tract in the Brainstem of the Human Brain

Jang SH

The corticospinal tract (CST) is the most important motor pathway in the human brain. Detailed knowledge of CST somatotopy is important in terms of rehabilitative management and invasive procedures for...
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Early Dorsal Midbrain Syndrome Mimicking an Adie's Tonic Pupil

Han SW, Ryu JH, Baik JS, Kim JY, Hwang YS, Park JH

BACKGROUND: While tonic pupils have been attributed to various diseases, including syphilis, herpes zoster, orbital trauma, temporal arteritis, endometriosis, and paraneoplastic syndromes, obstructive hydrocephalus has not been implicated. CASE REPORT: A...
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Isolated Oculomotor Nerve Palsy due to Midbrain Cavernous Malfomation

You S, Song HS, Han JH, Kim JS

  • KMID: 2185036
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2009 May;27(2):174-175.
A 36-year-old previously healthy woman developed diplopia and right-sided ptosis. Neurological examinations were normal except for palsy in the right third cranial nerve with pupil involvement. CT and MRI revealed...
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3-D Model of The Oculomotor Fascicular Arrangement Within The Midbrain Using Brain MRI

Park JH, Jeong DS, Park SA, Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 2181866
  • J Korean Bal Soc.
  • 2008 Jun;7(1):22-32.
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The oculomotor nerve fascicles arise along its entire length and sweep ventrally to exit the midbrain at the medial edge of the crus cerebri. A rostro-caudal topography...
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Partial Oculomotor Nerve Palsy due to Different Fascicular Involvements in Recurrent Midbrain Infarctions

Park JH, Chung WH, Lee TK, Sung KB

  • KMID: 1603982
  • J Korean Bal Soc.
  • 2006 Dec;5(2):292-295.
We experienced a patient with partial oculomotor palsy who had initially manifested pupillary mydriasis and inferior rectus palsy which were attributed to an ipsilateral fascicular lesion in midbrain. She developed...
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Over-expression of EphrinA2 in the Anterior Region of the Developing Mouse Midbrain and Diencephalon

Kim J, Park S

  • KMID: 2224468
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2006 Jun;39(3):177-186.
The Eph family is thought to exert its function through the complementary expression of receptors and ligands. The dorsal mesencephalon appears to be segmented into two broad regions demarcated by the...
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Truncal Contrapulsion in Pretectal Syndrome

Heo JH, Kim JS, Lee KB, Jung KH, Kim HK, Kim SH, Roh JK

Truncal contrapulsion in association with pretectal syndrome has not been described previously. We report a patient with vertical-gaze palsy and severe truncal contrapulsion due to an infarction in the mesodiencephalic...
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In vivo Mapping of the Cis-acting Element Responsible for Spatial Regulation of the EphA8 Gene Expression in Mesencephalon

Kim J, Park S

  • KMID: 1564264
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2005 Apr;38(2):125-131.
This study was aimed to map the 1 kb cis-acting DNA of ephA8 gene, which regulates the spatial and temporal expression in the anterior mesencephalon. It was demonstrated that the...
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Correlation of Midbrain Diameter and Gait Disturbance in Patients with Idiopathic Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus

Yong SW, Lee PH, Ahn YH, Huh K

  • KMID: 1626978
  • J Korean Neurol Assoc.
  • 2005 Feb;23(1):35-40.
BACKGROUND: While gait disturbance is an important feature of idiopathic normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH), there are only tentative theories explaining its pathophysiology. The mesencephalic locomotor region has been suggested as...
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The Effect of Melatonin Injection into Rat Brain Stem with Chronic Stress on Serotonergic Immunoreactivity

Kim MS

  • KMID: 1609555
  • Korean J Phys Anthropol.
  • 2004 Dec;17(4):321-330.
These experiments were performed to investigate the effect of saline, melatonin, stress, stressed-melatonin on serotonin immunoreactivity in rat brain stem. The animals were injected with melatonin (1 mg/kg, i.p.) after...
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The Effect of Photoperiod and Melatonin Injection on Serotonergic Immunoreactivity in Rat Brain Stem

Kim MS, Jeon SW, Lee CH

  • KMID: 2224521
  • Korean J Anat.
  • 2003 Dec;36(6):537-547.
These experiments were performed to investigate the effect of photoperiod and melatonin on serotonergic immunoreactivity in rat brain stem. The animals were injected with melatonin (1 mg/kg, i.p.) after light...
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A Case of Bilateral Oculomotor Nuclear Palsy

In YS, Shin SY, Song BJ

To the best of our knowledge, isolated bilateral oculomotor nuclear palsy has not yet been reported in the literature, while bilateral oculomotor nuclear palsy with more widespread rostral brainstem infarction...
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