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Comparative effect of eldecalcitol and alfacalcidol on bone microstructure: A preliminary report of secondary analysis of a prospective trial

Ni X, Feng J, Jiang Y, Zhang L, Yu W, Wang O, Li M, Xing X, Matsumoto T, Xia W

Objectives: To compare the effect of eldecalcitol and alfacalcidol on skeletal microstructure by highresolution peripheral QCT (HR-pQCT). Methods: This was a substudy of a randomized, double-blind, active comparator trial. Five female...
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Dental Co-Cr alloys fabricated by selective laser melting: A review article

Kang HG

Cobalt-chromium alloys are used to fabricate various dental prostheses, and have advantages of low cost and excellent mechanical properties compared to other alloys. Recently, selective laser melting, which is an...
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Possible effects of whole body vibration on bone properties in growing rats

Minematsu , Nishii Y, Imagita H, Sakata S

OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of whole body vibration (WBV) on bone properties in growing rats, and to explore the optimal conditions for enhancing bone properties. METHODS: Thirty-six 4-week-old male rats...
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Alveolar restoration following rapid maxillary expansion with and without corticotomy: A microcomputed tomography study in sheep

Le MH, Noor Hayaty AK, Zaini ZM, Dom SM, Ibrahim N, Radzi ZB

OBJECTIVE: This study examined bone microstructure restoration after rapid maxillary expansion (RME) with and without corticotomy over multiple retention periods. METHODS: Eighteen male Dorper sheep were randomly distributed into three groups...
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Hybrid Additive Microfabrication Scaffold Incorporated with Highly Aligned Nanofibers for Musculoskeletal Tissues

Sooriyaarachchi D, Minière H, Maharubin , Tan GZ

BACKGROUND: Latest tissue engineering strategies for musculoskeletal tissues regeneration focus on creating a biomimetic microenvironment closely resembling the natural topology of extracellular matrix. This paper presents a novel musculoskeletal tissue...
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Change of optical properties and microstructure of an Ag-Pd-In alloy according to Ag content

Seol HJ, Cho SY, Cho MH

In this study, change of optical properties and microstructure of an Ag-Pd-In alloy according to Ag content was investigated. For this purpose, specimen alloys were prepared by adding 0–100 wt.%...
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Fat and bone in children – where are we now?

Dimitri P

The risk of fracture secondary to low-impact trauma is greater in obese children, suggesting obese children are at risk of skeletal fragility. However, despite this finding, there is a lack...
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Mechanical Properties and Microstructure of the Leucite-Reinforced Glass-Ceramics for Dental CAD/CAM

Byeon SM, Song JJ

The computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) system was introduced to shorten the production time of all-ceramic restorations and the number of patient visits. Among these types of ceramic for dental CAD/CAM,...
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Femoral bone structure in Otsuka Long-Evans Tokushima Fatty rats

Minematsu , Hanaoka T, Takada Y, Okuda S, Imagita H, Sakata S

  • KMID: 2309512
  • Osteoporos Sarcopenia.
  • 2016 Mar;2(1):25-29.
OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) increases fracture risk despite normal to high levels of bone mineral density. Bone quality is known to affect bone fragility in T2DM. The aim...
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Haversian system of compact bone and comparison between endosteal and periosteal sides using three-dimensional reconstruction in rat

Kim JN, Lee JY, Shin KJ, Gil YC, Koh KS, Song WC

The current model of compact bone is that of a system of Haversian (longitudinal) canals connected by Volkmann's (transverse) canals. Models based on either histology or microcomputed tomography do not...
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Comparison of the mechanical properties and microstructures of fractured surface for Co-Cr alloy fabricated by conventional cast, 3-D printing laser-sintered and CAD/CAM milled techniques

Choi YJ, Koak JY, Heo SJ, Kim SK, Ahn JS, Park DS

PURPOSE: The purpose of present study is to compare mechanical properties and microstructural characteristics of fractured surface for cast, 3-D printing laser sintered and CAD/CAM milled cobalt-chromium (Co-Cr) alloy specimens...
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The three-dimensional microstructure of trabecular bone: Analysis of site-specific variation in the human jaw bone

Kim JE, Shin JM, Oh SO, Yi WJ, Heo MS, Lee SS, Choi SC, Huh KH

PURPOSE: This study was performed to analyze human maxillary and mandibular trabecular bone using the data acquired from micro-computed tomography (micro-CT), and to characterize the site-specific microstructures of trabeculae. MATERIALS AND...
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Effects of chromium chloride addition on coloration and mechanical properties of 3Y-TZP

Oh GJ, Seo YJ, Yun KD, Lim HP, Park SW, Lee KK, Lim TK, Lee DJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of chromium chloride addition on coloration, mechanical property and microstructure of 3Y-TZP. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Chromium chloride was weighed as...
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Relationship between Bone Morphological Microstructure and Inflammatory Markers in Growing Mice Fed a High Fat Diet

Kim MS, Lee HA, Kim OJ, Sohn CM

Obesity not only reduces bone mineral density but also increases inflammatory markers. Therefore, we examined the change in inflammatory markers and morphological microstructure of the bones using a mouse model...
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Assessment of Bone Quality using Finite Element Analysis Based upon Micro-CT Images

Rhee Y, Hur JH, Won YY, Lim SK, Beak MH, Cui WQ, Kim KG, Kim YE

BACKGROUND: To evaluate the feasibility of a micro-image based finite element model to determine the efficacy of sequential treatments on the bone quality in a rat osteoporosis model. METHODS: Rat...
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Mechanical Properties Of Reused Lithium Disilicate Glass-Ceramic Of Ips Empress 2 System

Oh SC

  • KMID: 2118674
  • J Korean Acad Prosthodont.
  • 2002 Dec;40(6):572-576.
This investigation was designed to estimate the biaxial flexure strength and fracture toughness of lithium disilicate glass-ceramics of IPS Empress 2 system pressed with as-received ingots and their sprue buttons....
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FLEXURE STRENGTH AND MICROSTRUCTURE OF IPS EMPRESS 2 GLASS-CERAMIC ON HEAT PRESSING AND HEAT TREATMENTS

Oh SC, Dong JK, Luthy H, Scharer P

  • KMID: 2195952
  • J Korean Acad Prosthodont.
  • 2000 Oct;38(5):575-582.
This investigation was designed to determine whether heat-pressing and/or simulated heat treatments affected the flexure strength and the microstructure of the lithium disilicate glassceramic in the IPS Empress 2 system....
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