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Relationship between needle depth for lumbar transforaminal epidural injection and patients’ height and weight using magnetic resonance imaging

John H, Sohn K, Kim JH

Background: Optimal needle depth in transforaminal epidural injection (TFEI) is determined by body measurements and is influenced by the needle entry angle. Physician can choose the appropriate needle length and...
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Associations Between Trunk Muscle/Fat Composition, Narrowing Lumbar Disc Space, and Low Back Pain in Middle-Aged Farmers: A Cross-Sectional Study

Baek S, Park Hw, Kim G

Objective To investigate the association of trunk fat and muscle composition, lumbar disc space narrowing, and low back pain in middle-aged farmers. Methods Fat and muscle areas were identified using standard...
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Relief of Symptoms by Early Administration of Infliximab in Patients with Suspected Spondyloarthritis: A Case Report

Lee HK, Chung JW

Low back pain is one of the most common musculoskeletal symptoms, and it can be difficult to make an accurate diagnosis based on symptoms alone. Osteitis condensans ilii (OCI) is...
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Quantifying Bone Marrow Edema Adjacent to the Lumbar Vertebral Endplate on Magnetic Resonance Imaging: A Cross-Sectional Study of Patients with Degenerative Lumbar Disease

Nakamae T, Kamei N, Fujimoto Y, Yamada K, Tamura T, Tsuchikawa Y, Morisako T, Harada T, Maruyama T, Adachi N

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: We aimed to quantitatively assess bone marrow edema (BME) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for patients with degenerative lumbar diseases. Overview of Literature: BME adjacent to a...
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Compensatory Pelvic Retro-Rotation Associated with a Decreased Quality of Life in Patients with Normal Sagittal Balance

Shimokawa T, Miyamoto K, Hioki A, Masuda T, Fushimi K, Ogawa H, Ohnishi K, Akiyama H

Study Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Purpose: To examine whether pelvic rotation as a compensatory mechanism for sagittal imbalance is related to quality of life (QOL). Overview of Literature: Poor sagittal alignment is...
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Improvements in Intractable Lumbar and LowerExtremity Symptoms after Systemic Administration of Tocilizumab, an Anti-interleukin-6 Receptor Antibody

Sainoh T, Sainoh T, Orita S, Orita S, Miyagi M, Miyagi M, Suzuki-Narita M, Suzuki-Narita M, Sakuma Y, Sakuma Y, Oikawa Y, Oikawa Y, Kubota G, Kubota G, Sato J, Sato J, Shiga Y, Shiga Y, Fujimoto K, Fujimoto K, Eguchi Y, Eguchi Y, Koda M, Koda M, Aoki Y, Aoki Y, Akazawa T, Akazawa T, Furuya T, Furuya T, Nakamura J, Nakamura J, Takahashi H, Takahashi H, Maki S, Maki S, Inoue M, Inoue M, Kinoshita H, Kinoshita H, Norimoto M, Norimoto M, Sato T, Sato T, Sato M, Sato M, Suzuki M, Suzuki M, Enomoto K, Enomoto K, Takaoka H, Takaoka H, Mizuki N, Mizuki N, Hozumi T, Hozumi T, Tsuchiya R, Tsuchiya R, Kim G, Kim G, Otagiri T, Otagiri T, Mukaihata T, Mukaihata T, Hishiya T, Hishiya T, Ohtori S, Ohtori S, Inage K, Inage K

Study Design: Prospective cohort study (open-label, single-arm, and non-blinded). Purpose: This study aims to determine the effects of systemic administration of tocilizumab, an anti-interleukin-6 (IL-6) receptor antibody on refractory low back...
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Individual and Occupational Factors Associated With Low Back Pain: The First-ever Occupational Health Study Among Bangladeshi Online Professionals

Hossian M, Nabi MH, Hossain A, Hawlader MDH, Kakoly NS

Objectives: Low back pain (LBP) is a common chronic condition among sedentary workers that causes long-term productivity loss. This study aimed to identify the relationships of individual and occupational factors...
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Prevalence and risk factors of low back and pelvic pain in women with rectus abdominis diastasis: a multicenter retrospective cohort study

Yuan S, Wang H, Zhou J

Background: To explore the association between low back pain (LBP) and pelvic pain (PP) and rectus abdominis diastasis (RAD) in postpartum women and identify the characteristics and risk factors. Methods: Women...
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The profile of musculoskeletal pain and its associations with sleep quality and depression during the COVID-19 in Turkey

Karatel M, Bulut ZI, Sari EO, Pelin Z, Yakut Y

Background: The current pandemic has affected people’s health multidimensionally. This study aims to investigate musculoskeletal pain, sleep quality, depression levels, and their relationships in individuals belonging to different age groups...
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Atypical Spondylolysis of the Fifth Lumbar Vertebra in Baseball Players: Two Cases Report

Cho HL, Kim DY, Jin HK, Kim JH

Lumbar spondylolysis is a frequent cause of low back pain especially in adolescents involved in sporting activities. It is considered as a fatigue-type defect in the pars interarticularis or isthmus...
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Prevalence of Low Back Pain and Associated Risk Factors among Farmers in Jeju

Lee HJ, Oh JH, Yoo JR, Ko SY, Kang JH, Lee SK, Jeong W, Seong GM, Kang CH, Song SW

Background We aimed to investigate the prevalence of low back pain (LBP) and its associated agricultural work-related, biomechanical factors among this population. Methods We analyzed initial survey data from the Safety for Agricultural...
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Patterns of Lumbar Disc Degeneration: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Analysis in Symptomatic Subjects

Ruangchainikom M, Daubs MD, Suzuki A, Xiong C, Hayashi T, Scott TP, Phan K, Wang JC

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: To evaluate lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in symptomatic subjects to accumulate baseline data on the pattern of degeneration. Overview of Literature: LDD...
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The association between pain, balance, fall, and disability in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis with vascular claudication

Güneş M, Özmen T, Güler TM

Background: The effect of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and peripheral vascular disease (PVD), which occurs with similar degenerative conditions, when seen together, has not been studied. The aim of this...
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Factors associated with paravertebral muscle cross-sectional area in patients with chronic low back pain

Cankurtaran D, Yigman ZA, Umay E

Background: This study was performed to reveal the relationships between the cross-sectional areas (CSAs) of the paraspinal muscles and the severity of low back pain (LBP), including the level of...
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Predictors of discogenic pain in magnetic resonance imaging: a retrospective study of provocative discography performed by posterolateral approach

Jain A, Jain S, Barasker SK, Agrawal A

Background: Provocative discography (PD) is a test that is useful in diagnosing discogenic pain (DP). In this study, to diagnose DP, we used a posterolateral approach of needle placement and...
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Effect of epidural polydeoxyribonucleotide in a rat model of lumbar foraminal stenosis

Lee HJ, Ju J, Choi E, Nahm FS, Choe GY, Lee PB

Background: We aimed to investigate the effect of epidural polydeoxyribonucleotide (PDRN) on mechanical allodynia and motor dysfunction in a rat model of lumbar foraminal stenosis (LFS). Methods: This study was conducted...
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Quantitative Assessment of Bone Marrow Edema in Adolescent Athletes with Lumbar Spondylolysis Using Contrast Ratio on Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Nakamae T, Kamei N, Tamura T, Kanda T, Nakanishi K, Adachi N

Study Design: Prospective cohort study. Purpose: To quantitatively evaluate bone marrow edema (BME) in the pedicle on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for adolescent athlete patients with spondylolysis. Overview of Literature: Spondylolysis, a...
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The Association Between Sagittal Plane Alignment and Disc Space Narrowing of Lumbar Spine in Farmers

Park KH, Baek S, Kang EK, Park Hw, Kim G, Kim SH

Objective To investigate whether lumbar lordosis (LL) and lumbar segmental lordosis (LSL) are related to sex, age, low back pain (LBP), and lumbar disc space narrowing (DSN). Methods A total of...
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A Predictive Model of Sleep Quality of the Older Adults with Low Back Pain

Lee M, Lee H, Hyun S, Ban SH

Purpose: This study aimed to examine the direct and indirect effects of general characteristics, basic psychological needs, health promoting behaviors, and emotional status on sleep quality of the older adults...
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Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopic Analysis of Multifidus Muscle Lipid Contents and Association with Nociceptive Pain in Chronic Low Back Pain

Ogon I, Iba K, Takashima H, Yoshimoto M, Morita T, Oshigiri T, Terashima Y, Emori M, Teramoto A, Takebayashi T, Yamashita T

Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the differences in the lipid contents in chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients with nociceptive pain (NocP) and neuropathic pain (NeP)...
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