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Kinematically Aligned Total Knee Arthroplasty with Patient-Specific Instrument

Kim KK, Howell SM, Won YY

Kinematically aligned total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a new alignment technique. Kinematic alignment corrects arthritic deformity to the patient's constitutional alignment in order to position the femoral and tibial components,...
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Long-term Follow-up of Patellar Nonresurfacing in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Choi Y, Koo J, Moon SW, Yang Y, Son J

BACKGROUND: We aimed to confirm the long-term effect of patellar nonresurfacing (patellar decompression) in preventing anterior knee pain after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and to investigate the possible complications. METHODS: Among...
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Contamination Rate of Burnt Necrotic Tissue after Electrocoagulation in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Rattanaprichavej P, Laoruengthana A, Galassi M, Weerakul S, Rasamimongkol S

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the commonly found catastrophic complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, proper skin cleansing, shortened operative time, and sterility of...
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Lupus and Perioperative Complications in Elective Primary Total Hip or Knee Arthroplasty

Aziz KT, Best MJ, Skolasky R, Ponnusamy , Sterling R, Khanuja HS

BACKGROUND: The number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (herein, lupus) undergoing total hip arthroplasty (THA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is increasing. There is disagreement about the effect of...
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Closed Reduction of Irreducible Posterolateral Rotatory Knee Dislocation

Lee HS, Lee SH, Lee SW

In general, most knee dislocations are reduced easily by simple traction. In rare cases, closed reduction of the knee dislocation is attempted, but ruptured ligaments or muscles are stuck in...
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External Tibial Torsion with Proximal Tibia Vara in Total Knee Arthroplasty of Advanced Osteoarthritis with Severe Varus Deformed Knees

Sun DH, Song IS, Kim JB, Kim CU, Jung D, Jeong U

PURPOSE: External tibia torsion and proximal tibial vara have been reported in severe varus deformed osteoarthritis, which is a tibio-femoral angle of more than 20°. The radiology measurements were compared...
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Clinical Usefulness of Uric Acid as a Biomarker for Knee Osteoarthritis: A Comparative Analysis With Plain Radiography and Musculoskeletal Ultrasound

Kim SK, Jung UH, Choe JY

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the relationships of serum and urine uric acid with severity or activity in knee osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A total of 42 patients...
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Periprosthetic Fractures following Total Knee Arthroplasty

Lee BH, Sim JA

Recently, as the elderly population increases, the incidence of total knee arthroplasty has increased, with a concomitant increase in the frequency of periprosthetic fractures. To determine the treatment plan for...
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Comparing Changes in Knee Muscle Strength after Reconstruction of the Anterior and Posterior Cruciate Ligaments

Hyun S, Kim S, Kim T

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify changes in knee muscle strength after reconstruction of the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and the posterior cruciate ligament (PCL). METHODS: Thirteen subjects...
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Proximal fibular osteotomy in the treatment of medial osteoarthritis of the knee: A narrative review of literature

Shanmugasundaram S, Kambhampati SBS, Saseendar

Proximal fibular osteotomy has been proposed as a simple and inexpensive alternative to high-tibial osteotomy and unicondylar knee arthroplasty and may be useful for low-income populations that cannot afford expensive...
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Anterior tibial displacement on preoperative stress radiography of ACL-injured knee depending on knee flexion angle

Noh JH, Nam WD, Roh YH

PURPOSE: To compare side-to-side difference (SSD) of anterior tibial translation in instrumented stress radiography for each series of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL)-injured subjects according to knee flexion angle. METHODS: Forty subjects...
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The anterolateral ligament of the knee joint: a review of the anatomy, biomechanics, and anterolateral ligament surgery

Ahn JH, Patel NA, Lin CC, Lee TQ

Residual knee instability and low rates of return to previous sport are major concerns after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. To improve outcomes, surgical methods, such as the anatomical single-bundle...
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Functional Outcomes After Critical Pathway for Inpatient Rehabilitation of Total Knee Arthroplasty

Kim JH, Kim BR, Kim SR, Han EY, Nam KW, Lee SY, Kim WB

OBJECTIVE: To investigate functional outcomes after the application of a critical pathway for inpatient rehabilitation of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: A total of 184 patients (57 males and 127 females;...
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Relationship between Hamstring Muscle Thickness and Knee Flexion Torque and Rate of Torque Development

Chang E, Cheon S, Jun HP

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between hamstring muscle thickness and knee flexion peak torque, and rate of torque development (RTD) calculated during 0–50 ms...
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Protective effect of glucosamine and risedronate (alone or in combination) against osteoarthritic changes in rat experimental model of immobilized knee

Salman A, Shabana AI, El-ghazouly DEs, Maha E

This study is aiming to investigate the protective effect of glucosamine, risedronate (alone or in combination) on articular cartilage in experimental model of immobilized rat knee. Twenty-five adult male albino...
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Visually Indistinguishable Intractable Neuroma Management after Below Knee Amputation: A Case Report

Shin SK, Kim KC, Roh Y, Kim J

Symptomatic neuromas after amputation can be troublesome to treat and make it difficult to properly fit a brace. Surgical management is required when conservative management such as prosthetic socket modification...
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A Modified Under-Vastus Approach for Knee Arthroplasty with Anatomical Repair of Soft Tissue

Hiranaka T, Tanaka T, Fujishiro , Anjiki K, Nagata N, Kitazawa D, Kotoura K, Okamoto K

The under-vastus approach (UVA) is a modification of the conventional subvastus approach for knee arthroplasty. Our modified UVA allows the muscles to be spared while offering good exposure of the...
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Influence of Patellar Tilt Angle in Merchant View on Postoperative Range of Motion in Posterior Cruciate Ligament-Substituting Fixed-Bearing Total Knee Arthroplasty

Chon J, Jeon T, Yoon J, Jung D, An CH

BACKGROUND: We investigated whether the patellar tilt angle influences the maximum knee flexion after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) performed by using a posterior cruciate ligament-substituting (PS) fixed-bearing prosthesis in patients...
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The Effect of Prosthesis Design on Blood Loss in Simultaneous Bilateral Total Knee Arthroplasty: Closed-Box versus Open-Box Prosthesis

Rattanaprichavej P, Laoruengthana A, Rasamimogkol S, Varakornpipat P, Reosanguanwong K, Pongpirul

BACKGROUND: Various pre- and perioperative risk factors have been reported in association with blood loss in knee arthroplasty. However, the effect of the uncovered cancellous surface on blood loss in...
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The Effects of Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Education for Elderly Patients with Total Knee Arthroplasty

Lee MH, Gu MO

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to develop and test the effects of venous thromboembolism prevention education for elderly patients with total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: A non-equivalent control group posttest only non-synchronized...
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