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The Additive Impact of Transbronchial Cryobiopsy Using a 1.1-mm Diameter Cryoprobe on Conventional Biopsy for Peripheral Lung Nodules

Kim SH, Mok J, Jo EJ, Kim MH, Lee K, Kim KU, Park HK, Lee MK, Eom JS

Purpose The diagnostic yield of transbronchial biopsy (TBB) using radial probe endobronchial ultrasound (RP-EBUS) is 71%, which is lower than that of transthoracic needle biopsy. We investigated the performance and...
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Real-world evaluation of atezolizumab and etoposide-carboplatin as a first-line treatment for extensive-stage small cell lung cancer

Kim SH, Jo EJ, Mok J, Lee K, Kim KU, Park HK, Lee MK, Eom JS, Kim MH

Background/Aims: Despite the obvious benefits of adding immune checkpoint inhibitors to platinum-etoposide chemotherapy in patients with extensive-stage small-cell lung cancer (ES-SCLC), real-world data remain scarce. Methods: This retrospective study included 89...
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Clinical Experiences of High-Risk Pulmonary Thromboembolism Receiving Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation in Single Institution

Jang J, Koo SM, Kim KU, Kim YK, Uh ST, Jang GE, Chang W, Lee BY

Background: The main cause of death in pulmonary embolism (PE) is right-heart failure due to acute pressure overload. In this sense, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) might be useful in maintaining...
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Treatment Outcomes of Patients with Multidrug-Resistant Tuberculosis: Comparison of Pre- and Post-Public–Private Mix Periods

Kang Y, Jo EJ, Eom JS, Kim MH, Lee K, Kim KU, Park HK, Lee MK, Mok J

Background: This study compared the treatment outcomes of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) before and after the implementation of public–private mix (PPM). Factors affecting treatment success were also investigated. Methods: Data...
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Missed Lung Cancers on Chest Radiograph: An Illustrative Review of Common Blind Spots on Chest Radiograph with Emphasis on Various Radiologic Presentations of Lung Cancers

Choi G, Nam BD, Hwang JH, Kim KU, Kim HJ, Kim DW

Missed lung cancers on chest radiograph (CXR) may delay the diagnosis and affect the prognosis. CXR is the primary imaging modality to evaluate the lungs and mediastinum in daily practice....
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Rifampin-Induced Immune Hemolytic Anemia during Treatment of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in a Patient with Primary Sjogren's Syndrome

Souk JW, Kim YK, Jang GE, Jeong HS, Uh ST, Kim KU, Koo SM, Lee BY, Noh H, Shin WY, Shin JW, Jin SY

Drug-induced immune hemolytic anemia is a rare disease that occurs in 1 in 1 million individuals of the general population. Rifampin-induced immune hemolytic anemia is caused by drug-dependent antibodies and...
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Validation of Previous Spirometric Reference Equations and New Equations

Choi HS, Park YB, Yoon HK, Lim SY, Kim TH, Park JH, Lee WY, Park SJ, Lee SW, Kim WJ, Kim KU, Shin KC, Kim DJ, Kim TE, Yoo KH, Shim JJ, Hwang YI

BACKGROUND: Pulmonary functions are interpreted using predicted values from reference equations that vary with ethnicity, gender, age, height, and weight. The universally used Choi's reference equations are not validated for...
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Clinical efficacy of matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry in patients with multidrug-resistant bacteremia: a single-center study in Korea

Mok J, Jo EJ, Eom JS, Kim MH, Kim KU, Park HK, Lee MK, Lee K

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-f light mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is a new diagnostic tool for microorganism identification. The clinical usefulness of this approach has not been widely examined in...
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Sarcopenia Associated with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Kim SH, Shin MJ, Shin YB, Kim KU

Sarcopenia is frequently associated with chronic diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and cancer. COPD, which is characterized by an irreversible airflow limitation, exacerbates respiratory distress as the...
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Predictors for the need for endoscopic therapy in patients with presumed acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding

Kim SS, Kim KU, Kim SJ, Seo SI, Kim HS, Jang MK, Kim HY, Shin WG

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Selecting patients with an urgent need for endoscopic hemostasis is difficult based only on simple parameters of presumed acute upper gastrointestinal bleeding. This study assessed easily applicable factors to...
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Predicting Mortality in Patients with Tuberculous Destroyed Lung Receiving Mechanical Ventilation

Kim WY, Kim MH, Jo EJ, Eom JS, Mok J, Kim KU, Park HK, Lee MK, Lee K

BACKGROUND: Patients with acute respiratory failure secondary to tuberculous destroyed lung (TDL) have a poor prognosis. The aim of the present retrospective study was to develop a mortality prediction model...
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Development of Prediction Equation of Diffusing Capacity of Lung for Koreans

Hwang YI, Park YB, Yoon HK, Lim SY, Kim TH, Park JH, Lee WY, Park SJ, Lee SW, Kim WJ, Kim KU, Shin KC, Kim DJ, Kim HJ, Kim TE, Yoo KH, Shim JJ

BACKGROUND: The diffusing capacity of the lung is influenced by multiple factors such as age, sex, height, weight, ethnicity and smoking status. Although a prediction equation for the diffusing capacity...
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Factors associated with low-level physical activity in elderly patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Lee SH, Kim KU, Lee H, Kim YS, Lee MK, Park HK

BACKGROUND/AIMS: In patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the extent of physical activity (PA) is correlated with disease severity and prognosis. However, factors associated with low-level PA in elderly...
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Incidence and Risk Factors of Pneumonia in Hospitalized Patients with Seasonal Influenza A or B

Chu S, Park SJ, Koo SM, Kim YK, Kim KU, Uh ST, Kim TH, Park S

BACKGROUND: Most patients with influenza recover spontaneously or following treatment with an anti-viral agent, but some patients experience pneumonia requiring hospitalization. We conducted a retrospective review to determine the incidence...
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Determinants of Nicotine Dependence in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Sim YS, Lee JH, Kim KU, Ra SW, Park HY, Lee CH, Kim DK, Shin KC, Lee SH, Hwang HG, Ahn JH, Park YB, Kim YI, Yoo KH, Jeong I, Oh YM, Lee SD, KOLD Investigators

BACKGROUND: Smoking cessation is the most powerful intervention to modify progress of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and nicotine dependence is one of the most important determinants of success or...
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The Need for a Well-Organized, Video-Assisted Asthma Education Program at Korean Primary Care Clinics

Kim YH, Yoo KH, Yoo JH, Kim TE, Kim DK, Park YB, Rhee CK, Kim TH, Kim YS, Yoon HK, Um SJ, Park IN, Ryu YJ, Jung JW, Hwang YI, Lee HB, Lim SC, Jung SS, Kim EK, Kim WJ, Lee SS, Lee J, Kim KU, Kim HK, Kim SH, Park JH, Shin KC, Choe KH, Yum HK

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess the effect of our new video-assisted asthma education program on patients' knowledge regarding asthma and asthma control. METHODS: Adult asthmatics who were...
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Relationship Between Cytogenetic Complexity and Peritumoral Edema in High-Grade Astrocytoma

Jeong KH, Song YJ, Han JY, Kim KU

BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to reveal the association of cytogenetic compltyexi and peritumoral edema volume (PTEV) and its prognostic significance in high-grade astrocytoma patients by culturing patient...
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The Prognostic Value of the Charlson's Comorbidity Index in Patients with Prolonged Acute Mechanical Ventilation: A Single Center Experience

Song SE, Lee SH, Jo EJ, Eom JS, Mok JH, Kim MH, Kim KU, Lee MK, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The aim of our study was to evaluate the prognostic value of Charlson's weighted index of comorbidities (WIC) in patients with prolonged acute mechanical ventilation (PAMV, ventilator care ≥96...
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One-year Follow-up of Three Cases of Smoking-related Interstitial Fibrosis

Oh DJ, Koo SM, Kim YK, Kim KU, Uh ST, Kim HJ, Kim DW

Smoking-related interstitial fibrosis (SRIF) is characterized by marked alveolar septal fibrosis seen as distinct thick collagen bundles, along with emphysema and respiratory bronchiolitis. In 2010, SRIF was deemed a new...
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Novalis Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Spinal Dural Arteriovenous Fistula

Sung KS, Song YJ, Kim KU

The spinal dural arteriovenous fistula (SDAVF) is rare, presenting with progressive, insidious symptoms, and inducing spinal cord ischemia and myelopathy, resulting in severe neurological deficits. If physicians have accurate and...
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