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A Case of Penetrating Eye Injury Induced by Taser Gun

Park KH, Kim WJ, Kang YJ, Park JO, Kang W, Lee SG

  • KMID: 2332705
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):590-592.
Taser guns are considered less lethal weapon than pistols. However, several cases and animal experiments reported injuries associated with Taser guns. This report describes the case of a patient who...
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Severe Glyphosate Intoxication with a Laryngopharyngeal Corrosive Injury

Choi KH, So BH, Park KN

  • KMID: 2332704
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):585-589.
Glyphosate is an herbicide that is used worldwide. Suicidal attempts with a glyphosate-surfactant herbicides (GlySH) are on the rise. The severity of corrosive injuries is thought to have a close...
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Emergency Care and Disposition of Prisoners in the Emergency Department

Lee BI, Lee MJ, Park SS, Jeong WJ, Lee JG

  • KMID: 2332703
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):577-584.
PURPOSE: Most emergency departments (EDs) treat prisoners; however, in so doing, there is often a disruption in the normal routines of the ED and associated problems for the treating physician....
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Clinical Features of Tsutsugamushi Disease in the Emergency Department

Lee JY, Lee SB, Do BS

  • KMID: 2332702
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):569-576.
PURPOSE: Many of the febrile diseases developing in Korea during the autumn are tsutsugamushi disease. The pathogen of the disease is rickettsia of oriental tsutsugamushi. The aim of this research...
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A Simple Prediction Method of Central Vertigo Among Patients with Dizziness in the Emergency Department

Kim SH, Youn CS, Choi SP, Park KN

  • KMID: 2332701
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):562-568.
PURPOSE: The symptoms of dizziness are common in the emergency department, accounting for 1~2% of all emergency department visits. Central vertigo, especially stroke is a leading concern when these symptoms...
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Predictive Value of C-reactive Protein and Kidney Computed Tomography in Patients with Acute Pyelonephritis

Kim MK, Woo SH, Lee WJ, Jeong SK, Choi SM, Choi SP, Park KN

  • KMID: 2332700
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):555-561.
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to determine the predictive value of the C-reactive protein (CRP) and kidney computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department (ED) for predicting the severity of...
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The Effectiveness of Transvaginal Ultrasonography Performed by Emergency Physicians

Jung SY, Noh H, Jung KY, Eo EK

  • KMID: 2332699
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):546-554.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the diagnostic accuracy and effectiveness of transvaginal ultrasonography (TVUS) performed by emergency physicians (EPs') in the emergency department. METHODS: In this study,...
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Fat Embolism Syndrome: Mapping to Guide Timely Diagnosis

Ahn S, Kim W, Lee JH

  • KMID: 2332698
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):537-545.
PURPOSE: Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is rare, but can be a critical complication in trauma victims. Diagnostic criteria were made by Gurd and subsequently revised by Gurd and Wilson. Despite...
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Clinical Study of Patients with All-Terrain Vehicle-related Injuries in a General Hospital

Lee TH, Lee JS, Ahn ME, Ahn HC, Seo JY, Sohn YD, Cheon SH, Cho KY, Kim NH, Kim DW, Lee JR, Cho JW, Moon JB

  • KMID: 2332697
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):528-536.
PURPOSE: Recently, all-terrain vehicle (ATV)-related injuries have increased. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and analyze the ATV injuries in Korea. METHODS: We analyzed the patients who visited Chuncheon...
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The Impact of Early Hyperventilation on Outcome in Intubated Patients with Traumatic Brain Injuries

Jung JH, Eo EK, Cheon YJ, Jung KY

  • KMID: 2332696
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):522-527.
PURPOSE: We recommend early aggressive airway management with intubation in patients with severe traumatic brain injuries due to prevent hypoxia and aspiration. Reports exist about increased mortality after pre-hospital intubation,...
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Comparison Analysis of Performance among the types of Intraosseous Needle in Animal Bone Models

Lee JS, Ahn KC, Heo IY, Cho YS, Choi SC, Lee MJ, Kim GW

  • KMID: 2332695
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):515-521.
PURPOSE: To compare each type of intraosseous needles for the performance. METHODS: Eighteen doctors participated. We chose chicken legs for the pediatric tibia model, and the metatarsal bone of swine for...
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Comparison of Quality of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation in Manikins with a Change in the Compression to Ventilation Ratio from 30:2 to 15:1

Kim YS, Cho JH, Shin MC, Choi HY, Moon JB, Park CW, Seo JY, Ahn ME, Cheon SH, Lee JS, Lee BK, Cho BR, Kim YH

  • KMID: 2332694
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):510-514.
PURPOSE: To minimize an interruption in chest compression, reduce the hands-off time, the American Heart Association has recommended changing the ratio of chest compression to ventilation ratio to 30:2. However,...
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The Effect of Basic Life Support Education on Laypersons' Willingness and Self-confidence in Performing Bystander Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Lee WW, Cho GC, Choi SH, Ryu JY, You JY, You KC

  • KMID: 2332693
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):505-509.
PURPOSE: The purpose of teaching cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) to laypersons is to give them the confidence and willingness to perform CPR in a real cardiac arrest, as well as the...
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Comparison of Skills and Knowledge after Basic Life Support Training over a 6 Month Interval on Preclinical Medical Students

Ahn JY, Seo KS, Park JB, Chung JM, Ryoo HW, Kang SW, Choi KI, Kim YJ

  • KMID: 2332692
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):496-504.
PURPOSE: The following study was performed to compare basic life support (BLS) skills and knowledge over a 6 months interval in preclinical medical students. METHODS: Upon initial instruction, 112 first-year medical...
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The Influence of Rotation Order on Medical Students' BLS Performance during the OSCE Examination

Kang JH, Lee MJ, Park SS, Jeong WJ, Lee JG

  • KMID: 2332691
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):488-495.
PURPOSE: An objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) is an examination made up of a series of stations through which the candidate rotates to test clinical skill performance. This study was...
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Non-invasive Monitoring of Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Tension: Accuracy of Transcutaneous O2 and CO2 and Endtidal CO2

Jung DM, Lee SW, Moon SW, Lim SI, Yoon YH, Choi SH, Hong YS

  • KMID: 2332690
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):481-487.
PURPOSE: To determine the concordance of transcutaneous CO2 (PtcCO2) versus arterial CO2 (PaCO2), end-tidal CO2 (PetCO2) versus PaCO2, and transcutaneous O2 (PtcO2) versus arterial O2 (PaCO2) among healthy adult volunteers,...
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Immunomodulatory Effects of Hypertonic Saline: The Effects on Nuclear Translocation of NF-kappaB and TNF-alpha Synthesis in Stimulated PMNs

Jang IJ, Moon SW, Kim SJ, Lee SW, Choi SH, Hong YS

  • KMID: 2332689
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):473-480.
PURPOSE: According to current research, hypertonic saline has immunomodulatory effects. NF-kappaB is known as an important transcription factor involved in the production of inflammatory mediators during an inflammatory response. The...
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The Effect of Early Goal-directed Therapy Protocol Implementation on the Prognosis of Patients with Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock in the Emergency Department

Cho TJ, Kim H

  • KMID: 2332688
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2009 Oct;20(5):463-472.
PURPOSE: Early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) has been known to reduce the mortality of patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. We wanted to determine the clinical effectiveness of implementing EGDT...
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