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A Case of Chylothorax after Blunt Chest Trauma Accompanied by Nephrotic Syndrome

Lee SB, Lee SH, Kim JH, Lee JY, Si JW, Do BS

  • KMID: 2331500
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):659-663.
Chylothorax after blunt chest trauma is very rare and is generally caused by injuries to the thoracic duct or its major tributaries. Such an injury can cause a fistula, a...
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A Case of Toluene-induced Renal Tubular Acidosis Presented with Hypokalemic Paralysis

Park JJ, Chang H, Jung JY, Jung SJ, Song KH, Suh WN, Chun SW, Lee HY, Yoo TH

  • KMID: 2331499
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):656-658.
Toluene is known to cause a moderate degree of hypokalemia, myalgia, and even muscular weakness. We encountered the patient with acute hypokalemic paralysis in a chronic glue sniffer. A 32-year-old...
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Central Pontine and Extrapontine Myelinolysis without Hyponatremia after Alcohol Withdrawal: One Case Report

Kim H, Lee SW

  • KMID: 2331498
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):652-655.
Central pontine myelinolysis (CPM) is a demyelinating disorder that was first described by Adams et al. in 1959 in patients with a history of alcoholism and malnutrition. It is characterized...
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A Case of Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia/Cardiomyopathy with Cardiac Arrest in the Emergency Department

Yang HB, Sung WY, Park HW, Lee JY, Hong SY, Yang YM

  • KMID: 2331497
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):646-651.
Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia/cardiomyopathy (ARVD/C) is a heart muscle disorder characterized by patch replacement of right ventricular myocardium by adipose and fibrous tissue and by electrical instability of the right...
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Follow up Study about Health-Related Quality of Life in Injury Patients

Kim TS, Kim SW, Lee SD, Choi HJ, Kang BS, Bae SC, Park JS, Im TH

  • KMID: 2331496
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):637-645.
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess healthrelated quality of life (HRQOL), to compare HRQOL of 3 months after injury with 10 days after injury, and to offer...
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Prognostic Predictors of Outcome for Poisoning by Glyphosate-containing Herbicides, Based on Initial Findings in the Emergency Department

Jeong WJ, Choi SM, Lee MJ, Choi KH, Park KN, Lee WJ, So BH

  • KMID: 2331495
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):630-636.
PURPOSE: Glyphosate is a widely used herbicide and has been considered to have low mammalian toxicity. However, a number of reports have described an increasing frequency of glyphosate poisoning with...
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The Comparison of Sedative Efficacy and Safety of Oral Chloral Hydrate and Intramuscular Ketamine in Children for Primary Repair in Emergency Department

Min JH, Do HS, Hong SW, Jeong WJ, Lee WS, Yi HY, Ryu S, Kim SW, Chung SP, Yoo IS

  • KMID: 2331494
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):623-629.
PURPOSE: To compare the sedation quality of oral chloral hydrate against intramuscular ketamine in children requiring primary repair in the emergency department. METHODS: Patients needing primary repair of lacerations (range 1.6...
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Usefulness of Multidetector Computed Tomography Angiography in Vertebral and Basilar Artery Dissection

Jeon WC, Min YG, Bae YS, Lee KJ

  • KMID: 2331493
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):615-622.
PURPOSE: Vertebral and basilar artery dissection (VBAD) is difficult to diagnose by conventional computed tomography. However, Multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) angiography is not only a less invasive diagnostic technique than...
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Effects of Emergency Department Length of Stay on Prognosis for Critically Ill Patients Undergoing Traumatic Emergency Surgery

Lee YJ, Song HS, Kim IB

  • KMID: 2331492
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):607-614.
PURPOSE: Prolonged stay in the emergency department (ED) have been associated with high mortality, but this association remains controversial. We examined the relationship between emergency department length of stay (EDLOS)...
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Analysis of Factors Influencing the Injury Severity of Free Fall Patients in an Emergency Department

Kim H, Kim SP, Cho SH, Kim SJ, Cho NS

  • KMID: 2331491
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):600-606.
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology and risk factors associated with patients in a level I trauma center following fall injuries, and to define potential...
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Use of Color Doppler and Sensitivity of Different Sites of Examination in Diagnosing Pneumothorax

Park HS, Ahn JH, Cha SH, Min YG, Kim GW

  • KMID: 2331490
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):594-599.
PURPOSE: Thoracic ultrasonography (US) is an emerging tool for diagnosing pneumothorax (PTX), and the possible application of color Doppler to ultrasonography is another new development. The aim of this study...
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The Usefulness of Different Injury Scoring Systems in Trauma Patients with Altered Mental Status

Choi JP, Lee JK, Park SS, Na SJ, Park JS

  • KMID: 2331489
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):588-593.
PURPOSES: The causes of altered mental status (AMS) are varied. Trauma accounts for 6.5%-36.3% of all AMS cases, and the mortality in these instances ranges from 20~80.5%. Multiple injury severity...
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Prediction of Outcome in Subarachnoid Hemorrhage with N-terminal Probrain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP)

Lee YJ, Baek KJ, Ki W, Lee KR

  • KMID: 2331488
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):581-587.
PURPOSE: N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is elevated in congestive heart failure and myocardial infarction similarly to brain natriuretic peptide (BNP). Serum brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is elevated after sub-arachnoid...
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The Clinical Value of Serum S-100B Protein Measurements in Treating Minor Head Injury

Kim CW, Kim HR, Lee MK

  • KMID: 2331487
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):574-580.
PURPOSE: Ninety percent of patients with minor head injury(MHI) who undergo computed tomography (CCT) under current clinical decision rules have normal scans. Serum concentrations of astroglial protein S-100B were recently...
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Diagnostic Value of N-terminal Probrain Natriuretic Peptide (NT-proBNP) in Diastolic Heart Failure

Lee YJ, Baek KJ, Lee KR, Ki W, Kim JY

  • KMID: 2331486
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):566-573.
PURPOSE: Diagnosis of congestive heart failure (CHF) is difficult in the emergency care setting using clinical diagnostic tests. Although echocardiography is important for making the diagnosis of left ventricular dysfunction,...
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The Optimal Threshold for Detection of BNP in Congestive Heart Failure and Variables Impact on BNP Concentration

Park DY, Choi SH, Kim SJ, Kim NH, Moon SW, Lee SW, Hong YS

  • KMID: 2331485
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):559-565.
PURPOSE: This study was conducted in order to determine a cut-off value of BNP for use in our hospital, and to obtain mean values of BNP as correlated to various...
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A Study Assessing the Knowledge and Attitude of First Responders about Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation

Park SH, Choi HJ, Kang BS, Im TH, Yeom SR

  • KMID: 2331484
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):545-558.
PURPOSE: This study was performed to improve cardiopulmonary resuscitation(CPR) training strategies for occupational groups, through the analysis of first responders' characteristics, knowledge and attitudes concerning CPR. METHODS: The occupational groups expected...
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Predictors of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation Education for Layperson

Kang KH, Yang HJ, Lee G, Youn ST, Yim J, Im JS, Yeom SR

  • KMID: 2331483
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):539-544.
PURPOSE: Few data exist regarding cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) education status in relationship to characteristics of socio-economic status and health and medical conditions in Korea. The purpose of this study is...
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A Pilot Study on the Effect of Hospitalbased Emergency Medical Technician Training on Improving the Quality of Prehospital Assessment and Intervention

Kim SC, Lee JH, Lee EJ, Kim KS, Kim YJ, Shin SD, Suh GJ

  • KMID: 2331482
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):528-538.
PURPOSE: This study was conducted to evaluate the short term effect of hospital-based clinical training for emergency medical technicians (EMTs) on improving the quality of prehospital assessment and intervention. METHODS: Three...
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Effect of Single-Rescuer Fatigue on the Quality of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation with 30:2 and 15:2 Compression-toventilation Ratios

Kim YB, Choi SM, Kim YM, Lee WJ, Park KN, Lee MJ, Kim HJ, Kim SH, Woo SH, Park JE

  • KMID: 2331481
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2006 Dec;17(6):519-527.
PURPOSE: Compression-to-ventilation (C:V) ratios of 30:2 are recommended in the 2005 guidelines for cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). The aim of this study was to compare the quality of CPR performance with...
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