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Availability of urine toxicologic screening tests in the emergency department: focused on illegal drugs

Lee SK, Choi S

Purpose: In Korea, it is predicted that the proportion of drug abusers among patients visiting the emergency room will soon increase. Several emergency medical institutions in Korea are conducting field...
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Lethality-Associated Factors in Deliberate Self-Poisoning

Choi IY, Kim SY, Chang JG, Song HR, Kim WJ, Lee SY, Kim HS, Hong M

Objectives: Deliberate self-poisoning (DSP) is the most common suicide method and can be life-threatening. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors related to the lethality of DSP...
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A Study on the Characteristics of Intentional Self-Poisoning Patients : Comparison between Non-Prescription and Prescription Drugs

Cho E, Cho JH, Jho KH, Sim HB

Objectives:Self-poisoning is the leading cause of visits to the emergency departments after a suicide attempts. This study is aimed to compare the patient characteristics according to the category of drugs...
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Carbon Disulfide Retinopathy Caused by Chronic Carbon Disulfide Intoxication

Lee JH, Choi MJ

Purpose: We report a case of chronic carbon disulfide intoxication diagnosed via retinal changes induced by chronic carbon disulfide exposure in the workplace. Case summary: A 24-year-old female presented with blurred...
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Death from 2,4-Dinitrophenol Poisoning: An Autopsy Case

Jung M, Lee SJ, Yoo SH, Kim HS

DNP (2,4-dinitrophenol) has been commonly used as a weight loss aid; in particular, it has been used by body builders to achieve significant fat loss while maintaining muscle mass. The...
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Influence of alcohol consumption on blood coagulation in rotational thromboelastometry (ROTEM): an in-vivo study

Eismann H, Sieg L, Ahmed H, Teske J, Behrendt P, Friedrich L, Schumacher C, Johanning K

Background: Twenty-five to 85% of trauma patients are under the influence of alcohol in addition to experiencing injury-related coagulation impairment. Viscoelastic point-of-care tests (thrombelastography [TEG], rotational thromboelastometry [ROTEM]) are popular...
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Analysis of characteristics of patients who come to ‘emergency medical center via one-stop treat system for heavily drunken people’

Park SH, Ham EM, Pyo CH, Park HK, Park KH, Kim H, Park JH, Lee YS

  • KMID: 2504659
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Jun;31(3):330-338.
Objective: This study described the effectiveness of the one-stop treat system (OTS) and the improvements characterizing the patients who come to an emergency medical center via the one-stop treat system...
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Enhanced alcohol degradation and hepatic protective effects of an Acetobacter Pasteurianus-derived product, CureZyme-ACE, in an acute intoxication rat model

Jeon EJ, Cho YS, Kim AH, Shim JM, Kim YS, Piao Z, Shin YC, Kwon J

Excessive alcohol consumption induces acute intoxication and various hepatic diseases. In this study, we investigated the effect of the CureZyme-ACE (CA), Acetobacter Pasteurianus (AP)-derived product, in acute intoxication rats. The...
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Characteristics of Korean Poisoning Patients: Retrospective Analysis by National Emergency Department Information System

Kim W, Kim KH, Shin DW, Park J, Kim H, Jeon W, Park JM, Kim JE, Kim H

PURPOSE: The study examined the poisoned patients' characteristics nationwide in Korea by using data from the National Emergency Department Information System (NEDIS). METHODS: Among the patients' information sent to NEDIS from...
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Application of Thallium Autometallography for Observation of Changes in Excitability of Rodent Brain following Acute Carbon Monoxide Intoxication

Lee MS, Yang SB, Heo JH

PURPOSE: Thallium (TI+) autometallography is often used for the imaging of neuronal metabolic activity in the rodent brain under various pathophysiologic conditions. The purpose of this study was to apply...
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An MRI-Based Quantification for Correlation of Imaging Biomarker and Clinical Performance in Chronic Phase of Carbon Monoxide Poisoning

Lee A, Hwang JS, Bae WK, Park JS, Goo DE, Park ST

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine the relation between quantitative magnetic resonance imaging biomarkers, and clinical performances in chronic phase of carbon monoxide intoxication. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighteen...
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Elevation of Procalcitonin in an Adolescent Acetaminophen Intoxication

Kim SE, Lee JB, Jin YH, Yoon JC, Jo SO, Jeong TO

Procalcitonin (PCT) is commonly employed in medical practice as a diagnostic biomarker of bacterial infection and also as a monitoring biomarker for antimicrobial therapy. There have been a few published...
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Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte Ratio as A Predictor of Aspiration Pneumonia in Drug Intoxication Patients

Lee JB, Lee SH, Yun SJ, Ryu S, Choi SW, Kim HJ, Kang TK, Oh SC, Cho SJ, Seo BS

PURPOSE: To evaluate the association between neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and occurrence of aspiration pneumonia in drug intoxication (DI) patients in the emergency department (ED) and to evaluate the relationship between...
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Predictors of intentional intoxication using decision tree modeling analysis: a retrospective study

Oh ES, Choi JH, Lee JW, Park SY

OBJECTIVE: The suicide rate in South Korea is very high and is expected to increase in coming years. Intoxication is the most common suicide attempt method as well as one...
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Comprehensive Laboratory Analysis of Korean Acute Alcoholic Intoxication Patients Reveals the Need for a National Hepatitis B Virus Vaccination Program in Korea

Shin SY

BACKGROUND: Acute alcoholic intoxication patients (AAIP) are a common public health problem. The aim of this study was to perform a comprehensive laboratory analysis for these patients to investigate the...
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Clinical characteristics and mortality-predictive factors analyses of glyphosate intoxication

Son CH, Lee SH, Jang TC, Kim GM, Ko SH, Seo YW

OBJECTIVE: Glyphosate intoxicated patients are increasing as glyphosate use increases. This study was conducted to analyze clinical characteristics of glyphosate intoxication patients to provide early treatment to high risk patients. METHODS:...
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The Effect of Intravenous Lipid Emulsion in a Rat Model of Verapamil Toxicity

Ha DM, Kim DH, Kim T, Lee SH, Jeong JH, Lee SB, Lim D, Kang C

PURPOSE: Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been shown to have significant therapeutic effects on calcium channel blocker overdose in animal studies and clinical cases. In this preliminary experiment, we investigated...
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A case of acute bilateral thalamic infarction presenting in a sleep-like coma after alcohol ingestion

Kim JE, Park SY, Jeong JW, Lee JH, Kwon IH, Choi Y

The artery of Percheron is a rare anatomical variant, in which a common trunk arises from one posterior cerebral artery and then branches to supply each of the thalami and...
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Monomorphic ventricular tachycardia due to protease inhibitor intoxication by atazanavir

Kim B, Kim KS

Atazanavir is a protease inhibitor approved for use in combination with other antiretroviral drugs for the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus infection. Atazanavir and other protease inhibitors can sometimes induce...
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Is it Adequate to Determine Acetaminophen Toxicity Solely on Patients' History? An Analysis on Clinical Manifestation of Intoxication Patients with Positive Serum Acetaminophen Concentrations

Kim JH, Jeong WJ, Ryu S, Cho YC, Moon JH, Choi HS, Yang SH, Chung HS

PURPOSE: Acute acetaminophen intoxication is a common occurrence that can cause lethal complications. In most domestic emergency departments, clinicians tend to treat acetaminophen intoxication based on patients' history alone, simply...
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