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Comparison of National Database of Health Inequality between Korea and the UK: Focusing on Substance Misuse Related Mental Health and Respiratory Diseases

Lee IH

Objective: Taking action on health inequalities starts with the production of information laying out the problems of inequalities, but Korean society has no national database to view related data at...
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Social Determinants of COVID-19 in Massachusetts, United States: An Ecological Study

Hawkins D

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess how different social determinants of health (SDoH) may be related to variability in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) rates in cities and...
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An Analysis of the Potential Relationship between Crowe Type and Lower Extremity Morphology in Patients with Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip

Ergin , Bayram S, Anarat FB, Ekinci M, Mert L, Özmen E, Öztürk I

Purpose: To test whether Crowe type is related to femoral alignment and leg length discrepancy by evaluating the preoperative lengths and coronal alignment of femurs, pelvic parameters and hip morphology...
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Scoliosis Caused by Limb-Length Discrepancy in Children

Kobayashi K, Ando K, Nakashima H, Machino M, Morozumi M, Kanbara S, Ito S, Inoue T, Yamaguchi H, Mishima K, Ishiguro N, Imagama S

Study Design: Single-center retrospective study in pediatric patients. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of the presence and severity of leg-length discrepancy (LLD) on scoliosis in...
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Socioeconomic Status and Successful Delivery after an Infertility Diagnosis: a Nationwide Health Insurance Cohort Study in Korea Conducted from 2005 to 2013

Shin J, Lee SG, Park EC, Nam JY

Background: The global disease burden of infertility is rising and accessibility to infertility treatments and assisted reproduction is a challenging issue. Therefore, we investigated characteristics of successful delivery after an...
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An Exploratory Study of Health Inequality Discourse Using Korean Newspaper Articles: A Topic Modeling Approach

Kim JH

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to explore the health inequality discourse in the Korean press by analyzing newspaper articles using a relatively new content analysis technique. METHODS: This study used the search...
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Regional Inequalities in Healthcare Indices in Korea: Geo-economic Review and Action Plan

Kim CB, Chung MK, Kong ID

By the end of 2017, in a world of 7.6 billion people, there were inequalities in healthcare indices both within and between nations, and this gap continues to increase. Therefore,...
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Effects of Iranian Economic Reforms on Equity in Social and Healthcare Financing: A Segmented Regression Analysis

Zandian H, Takian A, Rashidian , Bayati M, Zahirian Moghadam T, Rezaei S, Olyaeemanesh A

OBJECTIVES: One of the main objectives of the Targeted Subsidies Law (TSL) in Iran was to improve equity in healthcare financing. This study aimed at measuring the effects of the...
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Correlation of Radiographic and Patient Assessment of Spine Following Correction of Nonstructural Component in Juvenile Idiopathic Scoliosis

Lee JG, Yun YC, Jo WJ, Seog TY, Yoon YS

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between progression of curvature of scoliosis, and correction for functional component in patients with juvenile idiopathic scoliosis (JIS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical data of patients...
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Econometric Analysis of the Difference in Medical Use among Income Groups in Korea: 2015

Oh Y

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to estimate empirically whether there is a difference in medical use among income groups, and if so, how much. This study applies econometric...
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Factors related to the difference in the incidence of caries between children in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas

Han SJ, Kwon YB, Kim SY, Kim JS, Lee JH, Kim JB

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to analyze the differences in factors related to the incidence of dental caries between children in fluoridated and non-fluoridated areas and compared the...
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Comparison between Cementless and Cemented Bipolar Hemiarthroplasty for Treatment of Unstable Intertrochanteric Fractures: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Yoo JI, Cha YH, Kim KJ, Kim HY, Choy WS, Hwang SC

PURPOSE: This study was conducted to compare cemented and cementless bipolar hemiarthroplasty in elderly patients with unstable intertrochanteric fractures via meta-analysis and systematic review of relevant studies. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic...
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Does Economic Instability Affect Healthcare Provision? Evidence Based on the Urban Family Physician Program in Iran

Homaie Rad E, Delavari S, Aeenparast A, Afkar A, Farzadi F, Maftoon F

BACKGROUND: The main aim of this study was to evaluate the achievements of some important goals of Iran's urban family physician plan. This plan was implemented when the country experienced...
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Decomposing Socioeconomic Inequality Determinants in Suicide Deaths in Iran: A Concentration Index Approach

Veisani Y, Delpisheh , Sayehmiri , Moradi G, Hassanzadeh J

BACKGROUND: It is recognized that socioeconomic status (SES) has a significant impact on health and wellbeing; however, the effect of SES on suicide is contested. This study explored the effect...
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Association between Sacral Slanting and Adjacent Structures in Patients with Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis

Cho JH, Lee CS, Joo YS, Park J, Hwang CJ, Lee DH

BACKGROUND: Sacral slanting is a frequent unique phenomenon in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and may be important for selecting the distal fusion level. However, the reason of the...
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Cementless Total Hip Arthroplasty Involving Trochanteric Osteotomy without Subtrochanteric Shortening for High Hip Dislocation

Lee SJ, Yoo JJ, Kim HJ

BACKGROUND: Total hip arthroplasty with subtrochanteric shortening osteotomy is widely performed for high hip dislocation. However, suboptimal leg length discrepancy correction and nonunion of the osteotomy site remain concerns. Although...
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The current condition of the workers' general health examination in South Korea: a retrospective study

Kang YJ, Myong JP, Eom H, Choi B, Park JH, L Kim EA

BACKGROUND: Business owners in the Republic of Korea must take part in the workers' general health examination. However, there have been few formal analyses of the uptake of this examination...
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Irritable bowel syndrome is concentrated in people with higher educations in Iran: an inequality analysis

Mansouri A, Rarani MA, Fallahi M, Alvandi I

OBJECTIVES: Like any other health-related disorder, irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) has a differential distribution with respect to socioeconomic factors. This study aimed to estimate and decompose educational inequalities in the...
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Considerations when calculating the sample size for an inequality test

In J

Calculating the sample size is a vital step during the planning of a study in order to ensure the desired power for detecting clinically meaningful differences. However, estimating the sample...
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Leg Length Discrepancy and Angular Deformity after Flexible Intramedullary Nail fixation in Pediatric Femoral Shaft Fractures

Hong CH

OBJECTIVE: Femoral fracture is one of the most frequent fractures in children and complications occurs such as malunion and leg length discrepancy after internal fixation using flexible intramedullary nail. The...
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