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Immediate effects of mandibular posterior displacement on the pharyngeal airway space: A preliminary study

Choi Y, Kim YI, Kim SS, Park SB, Son WS, Kim SH

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate the immediate effects of mandibular posterior displacement on the pharyngeal airway space (PAS) by using cephalometric evaluations and to investigate how the surrounding structures...
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Stafne bone cavity: a rare cadaveric case report

Iwanaga J, Wong TL, Kikuta S, Tubbs RS

The Stafne bone cavity (SBC), also called the static bone cavity, salivary inclusion cyst, latent cyst, and lingual bone defect is an asymptomatic bony defect that is commonly located inferior...
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A Complex Suicide by Ligature Strangulation and Hanging Using Two Different Ligatures

Subramaniam K, Pankajakshan CN

Hanging is the most common method of suicide in Malaysia. However, hanging in combination with suicidal ligature strangulation is uncommon. The victim is a 31-year-old man, with no previous medical...
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Reader's Forum

Yang IH

No abstract available.
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Anatomy and variations of digastric muscle

Kim SD, Loukas M

The digastric muscle consists of the anterior belly and the posterior belly connecting the mandible, hyoid bone and temporal bone. Its unique morphology, structure and variations have drawn genuine interests...
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Traumatic Rupture of the Middle Cerebral Artery Followed by Acute Basal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage: Tailored Approach in Forensic Pathology by Aid of Post-mortem Angiographic Findings

Park S, Lee S, Yang KM, Kim D, Lee H, Cha JG

We present the case of a 23-year-old man who suddenly collapsed during a physical altercation with his friends while in a drunken state. The post-mortem computed tomography (CT) with angiography...
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Diagnosis and Effect of Maxillary Expansion in Pediatric Sleep-Disordered Breathing

Kim D, Baek K, Lee D, Kim J, Yang Y

The aim of this study was to analyze the changes and improvements in symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) using semi-rapid maxillary expansion (SRME) in children with narrow maxilla and SDB...
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Usefulness of Measuring Airway Length with Cephalometry in Pediatric Subjects with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Hwang JH, Park DS, Kim IH, Lee H, Park CS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to analyze the relationship between measurement of airway length with cephalometry and AHI in children with OSA and to assess the correlations between...
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Gender-specific cephalometric features related to obesity in sleep apnea patients: trilogy of soft palate-mandible-hyoid bone

Cho SH, Jeon JY, Jang KS, Kim SY, Kim KR, Ryu S, Hwang KG

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between gender-specific and obesity-related airway anatomy in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) by using cephalometric analyses. METHODS: We retrospectively...
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Change of the upper airway after mandibular setback surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism and anterior open bite

Lee K, Hwang SJ

PURPOSE: It has been reported before that the amount of pharyngeal airway space (PAS) significantly decreases following mandibular setback (MS) surgery in patients with mandibular prognathism (MP). Further, MP patients...
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Influence of Nasogastric Tubes on Swallowing in Stroke Patients: Measuring Hyoid Bone Movement With Ultrasonography

Kwak HJ, Kim L, Ryu BJ, Kim YH, Park SW, Cho DG, Lee CJ, Ha KW

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the influence of a nasogastric tube (NGT) on swallowing simulated saliva in stroke patients. METHODS: Three groups of participants were enrolled into the study: group A (20 stroke...
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Effect of Hand-free “Chin Tuck against Resistance (CTAR)” Exercise on Hyoid Bone Movement and the Degree of Aspiration in Stroke Patients with Dysphagia: A Report of 2 Cases

Jung SH, Oh DH, Lee DH, Hwang NK, Park HS, Kim HJ, Kwon YH, Kim Y, Han N

This study recruited two men with dysphagia after stroke, aged 57 and 62 years. They had difficulty using both hands properly due to paralysis of the left upper extremity and...
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Normative Temporal Data of Hyolaryngeal Movements during Swallowing

Seong MY, Seo HG, Oh BM, Do HJ, Yeom JW, Han TR

OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the temporal variables of hyolaryngeal movements during normal swallowing using kinematic analysis of the video fluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS) to present the normal cut-off values of...
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Changes in Hyolaryngeal Movement During Swallowing in the Lateral Decubitus Posture

Oh BM, Lee JH, Seo HG, Lee WH, Han TR, Jeong SU, Jeong HJ, Sim YJ

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the differences in hyolaryngeal kinematics at rest and during swallowing in the upright sitting (UP) and the lateral decubitus (LD) postures in healthy adults, and delineating any...
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Reliability and Accuracy of Palpable Anterior Neck Landmarks for the Identification of Cervical Spinal Levels

Siribumrungwong K, Sinchai C, Tangtrakulwanich B, Chaiyamongkol W

STUDY DESIGN: A descriptive experimental study. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to describe the reliability and accuracy of palpable anterior neck landmarks (angle of the mandible, hyoid bone, thyroid...
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The Inaccuracy of Surface Landmarks for the Anterior Approach to the Cervical Spine in Southern Chinese Patients

Ko TS, Siu Hei Tse M, Wong KK, Wong WC

STUDY DESIGN: Observational study. PURPOSE: To assess the correlational accuracy between the traditional anatomic landmarks of the neck and their corresponding vertebral levels in Southern Chinese patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Recent studies...
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Assessment of lower incisor alveolar bone width using cone-beam computed tomography images in skeletal Class III adults of different vertical patterns

Lee S, Hwang S, Jang W, Choi YJ, Chung CJ, Kim KH

OBJECTIVE: This study was performed to investigate the alveolar bone of lower incisors in skeletal Class III adults of different vertical facial patterns and to compare it with that of...
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Influence of Supraglottic Swallow on Swallowing Kinematics: Comparison between the Young and the Elderly

Seong MY, Oh BM, Seo HG, Han TR

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of supraglottic swallowing maneuver on swallowing kinematics using kinematic analysis of a videofluoroscopic swallowing study (VFSS). METHOD: Twenty healthy volunteers (10 in...
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Ultrasonographic features differentiating thyroglossal duct cysts from dermoid cysts

Choi HI, Choi YH, Cheon JE, Kim WS, Kim IO

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify ultrasonographic features that can be used to differentiate between thyroglossal duct cysts (TGDCs) and dermoid cysts (DCs). METHODS: We searched surgical pathology...
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Unusual muscle of the anterior neck: cadaveric findings with surgical applications

Iwanaga J, Tabira Y, Fisahn C, Alonso F, Watanabe K, Kusukawa J, Oskouian R, Tubbs RS, Yamaki KI

The omohyoid muscle typically has an inferior belly originating from the superior border of the scapula, and then passes deep to the sternocleidomastoid muscle where its superior belly passes almost...
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