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Cerebrospinal Fluid Levels of β-Amyloid 40 and β-Amyloid 42 are Proportionately Decreased in Amyloid Positron-Emission Tomography Negative Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus Patients

Kim HJ, Lim TS, Lee SM, Kim TS, Kim Y, An YS, Youn YC, Park SA, Chang J, Moon SY

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers of Alzheimer's disease (AD) could be misleading in idiopathic normal-pressure hydrocephalus (iNPH). We therefore investigated the CSF biomarkers in 18F-florbetaben amyloid-negative positron-emission tomography...
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Risk Factors and Preoperative Risk Scoring System for Shunt-Dependent Hydrocephalus Following Aneurysmal Subarachnoid Hemorrhage

Kim JH, Kim JH, Kang HI, Kim DR, Moon BG, Kim JS

OBJECTIVE: Shunt-dependent hydrocephalus (SdHCP) is a well-known complication of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). The risk factors for SdHCP have been widely investigated, but few risk scoring systems have been established...
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Presyrinx Associated with Post-Traumatic Hydrocephalus Successfully Treated by Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

Ha JH, Hwang SC

Presyrinx consists of reversible spinal cord swelling without frank cavitation, as observed on T2 weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The condition may evolve into syringomyelia, but timely surgical interventions have...
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Does Neurosurgical Clipping or Endovascular Coiling Lead to More Cases of Delayed Hydrocephalus in Patients with Subarachnoid Hemorrhage?

Eom TO, Park ES, Park JB, Kwon SC, Sim HB, Lyo IU, Kim MS

OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether clipping or endovascular treatment (EVT) can reduce the incidence of delayed hydrocephalus. We also investigated whether additional procedures, namely lumbar drainage and extra-ventricular drainage (EVD), decrease...
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Hydrocephalus as a Complication of Durotomy during Cervical Laminoplasty: A Case Report

Yi J

STUDY DESIGN: Case report. OBJECTIVES: We report a case of hydrocephalus as a complication of durotomy during cervical laminoplasty. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: Hydrocephalus is a very rare complication of cervical laminoplasty. MATERIALS...
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Hydrocephalus in a Patient with Alzheimer's Disease

Kang MJ, Park YH, Kim S, Yi S

BACKGROUND: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is an etiology of dementia that is reversible following cerebrospinal fluid shunt placement, however, surgical intervention not always clinically effective and the respons to shunt...
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Clinical Feature and Outcomes of Secondary Hydrocephalus Caused by Head Trauma

Yoon JE, Lee CY, Sin EG, Song J, Kim HW

OBJECTIVE: Post-traumatic hydrocephalus (PTH) is a frequent and serious complication following brain injury. The incidence of PTH varies greatly among studies. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...
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Acute Cerebellitis Causing Life-threatening Brain Stem Compression and Acute Hydrocephalus: A Fatal Case Report

Seol JH, Park J, Lee KY

Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disorder that occurs most frequently in children. The typical clinical course of acute cerebellitis is benign. However, in some cases of acute cerebellitis, fulminant...
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Letter to the Editor: Asymmetric and Upper-Body Parkinsonism in Patients with Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus

Onder H

No abstract available.
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Multiloculated Hydrocephalus: Open Craniotomy or Endoscopy?

Lee YH, Kwon YS, Yang KH

Multiloculated hydrocephalus (MLH) is a condition in which patients have multiple, separate abnormal cerebrospinal fluid collections with no communication between them. Despite technical advancements in pediatric neurosurgery, neurological outcomes are...
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Factors Associated Postoperative Hydrocephalus in Patients with Traumatic Acute Subdural Hemorrhage

Kim H, Lee HS, Ahn SY, Park SC, Huh W

OBJECTIVE: Postoperative hydrocephalus is a common complication following craniectomy in patients with traumatic brain injury, and affects patients’ long-term outcomes. This study aimed to verify the risk factors associated with...
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Hydrocephalus in Patient with Multiple System Atrophy: Innocent Bystander or Guilty Party?

Hwang I, Ha SW, Yang Y, Kim SM

BACKGROUND: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a poorly understood condition, which typically presents with the triad of gait disturbance, urinary incontinence and cognitive decline. Diagnosis of NPH is often challenging...
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Communicating Hydrocephalus Onset Following a Traumatic Tension Pneumocephalus

Lee JS, Ahn S, Eom KS

The entrapment of intracranial air from the check valve system results in a tension pneumocephalus. It should be distinguished from simple pneumocephalus because they are intracranial space-occupying masses that can...
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Asymmetric and Upper Body Parkinsonism in Patients with Idiopathic Normal-Pressure Hydrocephalus

Kang K, Jeon JS, Kim T, Choi D, Ko PW, Hwang SK, Lee HW

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Our aims were to analyze the characteristics of parkinsonian features and to characterize changes in parkinsonian motor symptoms before and after the cerebrospinal fluid tap test (CSFTT)...
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Comparison of 3 and 7 Tesla Magnetic Resonance Imaging of Obstructive Hydrocephalus Caused by Tectal Glioma

Moon HC, Baek HM, Park YS

Obstructive hydrocephalus caused by tectal glioma, which relived by neuroendoscopy, have been described using 3.0 Tesla magnetic resonance imaging (3T MRI) so far, we present the results obtained from 3T...
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The Risk Factors for Hydrocephalus and Subdural Hygroma after Decompressive Craniectomy in Head Injured Patients

Ki HJ, Lee HJ, Lee HJ, Yi JS, Yang JH, Lee IW

OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to investigate 1) the risk factors for hydrocephalus and subdural hygroma (SDG) occurring after decompressive craniectomy (DC), and 2) the association between the type of...
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Cerebrospinal Fluid Tap Test in Idiopathic Hydrocephalus Patient with an Evans' Index Less Than 0.3

Choi D, Jeon JS, Choi WC, Lee HW, Hwang SK, Kang K

A 73-year-old man presented with progressive gait impairment. He exhibited slow, shuffling, and unstable gait. A formal neuropsychological evaluation revealed memory deficits with frontal dysfunction. Brain MRI revealed communicating hydrocephalus...
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Results of Isotope Cisternography in 175 Patients with a Suspected Hydrocephalus

Lee KS, Lee SM, Shim JJ, Yoon SM, Bae HG, Doh JW

OBJECTIVE: Normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH) is a syndrome characterized by gait disturbance, memory impairment and urinary incontinence. The isotope cisternography (ICG) became less useful because of low accuracy and complications....
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The Efficacy Analysis of Endoscopic Third Ventriculostomy in Infantile Hydrocephalus

He Z, An C, Zhang X, He X, Li Q

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the efficacy of endoscopic third ventriculostomy (ETV) for infantile hydrocephalus. METHODS: Retrospectively reviewed the 17 infantile hydrocephalus cases who were treated with ETV between July 2009 and June...
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Clinical Experience of Infantile Posthemorrhagic Hydrocephalus Treated with Ventriculo-Peritoneal Shunt

Kim HM, Kim KH

OBJECTIVE: Infantile posthemorrhagic hydrocephalus (IPHH) is the most common cause of infantile acquired hydrocephalus. We present and discuss our experience of treatment of six IPHH patients treated by a ventriculo-peritoneal...
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