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Transcriptome Analysis Identifies Altered Biological Processes and Novel Markers in Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Long-Term Non-Progressors

Lee D, Yoon CH, Choi SY, Kim JE, Cho YK, Choi BS, Park J

Background: The latent reservoir of Human Immunodificiency Virus-1 (HIV-1) has been a major barrier to the complete eradication of HIV-1 and the development of HIV therapy. Longterm non-progressors (LTNPs) are...
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Safety and Effectiveness of Darunavir in Korean Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus 1 Infection: A Post-Marketing Observational Study

Kim H, Kim Y, Kang J

We aimed to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of darunavir (DRV) in the treatment of human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) infection in Korea. From October 29, 2010, 225 eligible patients with...
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An Overview of Human Immunodeficiency Virus-1 Antiretroviral Drugs: General Principles and Current Status

Shin YH, Park CM, Yoon CH

Treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) can prolong a patient's lifespan by disrupting pivotal steps in the replication cycle of the human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1). However, drug resistance is...
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Prevalence of Peripheral Vestibular Impairment in Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Millar A, Joubert K, Naude A

Background and Objectives: Globally, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is responsible for one of the most serious pandemics to date. The vulnerability of the vestibular system in individuals with HIV...
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Associations of depression and anxiety with cardiovascular risk among people living with HIV/AIDS in Korea

Park KS, Hwang SY, Choi BY, Kim J, Kim SI, Kim WJ, Kang C

OBJECTIVES: As HIV/AIDS is becoming a chronic disease, the risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD) among people living with HIV/AIDS is rising. Anxiety and depression, which are common among people...
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The HIV-1 Virulence Factor Nef as a New Therapeutic Target Against HIV/AIDS

Kim JA, Shin YH, Yoon CH

Human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) encodes an accessory protein Nef. Initially, Nef had been known as a viral negative factor due to its no-effect on viral replication in the cancerous cell line...
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Successful Pregnancy and Delivery with Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection in HIV-Serodiscordant Couple: the First Case in Korea

Seong JS, Kim H, Park WB, Kim NJ, Oh Md, Park SS, Park JS, Choi YM

With highly active antiretroviral therapy, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection is considered to be a manageable chronic disease. The improved prognosis increases the desire of individuals with HIV to have...
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History of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome in Korea

Kim JM, Kim NJ, Choi JY, Chin BS

The first human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was reported in Korea in 1985. The number of HIV-infected persons domestically increased in the 1990s showing epidemic indigenousization. Since then, the number...
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A Review of Pre-Exposure Prophylaxis Adherenceamong Female Sex Workers

Ghayda RA, Hong SH, Yang JW, Jeong GH, Lee KH, Kronbichler A, Solmi M, Stubbs B, Koyanagi A, Jacob L, Oh H, Kim JY, Shin JI, Smith L

Globally and in Africa specifically, female sex workers (FSWs) are at an extraordinarily high risk of contracting human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) has emerged as an effective and ethical...
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Correlation between CD4 count and glomerular filtration rate or urine protein:creatinine ratio in human immunodeficiency virus-infected children

Aliyannissa A, Kuswiyanto RB, Setiabudi D, Nataprawira HM, Alam A, Sekarwana N

Background: Studies on kidney complications in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children are lacking. CD4 T lymphocytes are an important immune functions regulator and used as a basis for initiating antiretroviral...
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Bilateral Acute Angle Closure Attack and Choroidal Detachment in Patient with Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome

Park KH, Lee JJ, Lee JW, Lee JE

PURPOSE: To report a case of simultaneous bilateral acute angle closure attack combined with bilateral choroidal detachment in a patient with acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS). CASE SUMMARY: A 63-year-old male...
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Assessment of Clinical and Radiological Parameters in Spinal Tuberculosis: Comparison between Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Positive and Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Negative Patients

Sagane SS, Patil VS, Bartakke GD, Kale KY

Study Design: Prospective comparative study. Purppse: A prospective comparative analysis of 30 patients with spinal tuberculosis (15 human immunodeficiency viruses [HIV] positive and 15 HIV negative). We compared the clinical and...
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Trends of Cause of Death among Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patients and the Impact of Low CD4 Counts on Diagnosis to Death: a Retrospective Cohort Study

Kim Y, Kim SW, Chang HH, Kwon KT, Bae S, Hwang S

Background: Monitoring the full spectrum of causes of death among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients has become increasingly important as survival improves because of highly active antiretroviral therapy. However, there...
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Effectiveness of Intravenous Isoniazid and Ethambutol Administration in Patients with Tuberculosis Meningoencephalitis and HIV Infection

Butov D, Feshchenko Y, Kuzhko M, Gumenuik M, Yurko K, Grygorova , Tkachenko , Nekrasova , Tlustova T, Kikinchuk , Peshenko A, Butova T

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of intravenous isoniazid (H) and ethambutol (E) administered in patients with new sputum positive drug-susceptible pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) with...
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Oral colonization by Candida species and associated factors in HIV-infected patients in Ahvaz, southwest Iran

Aboualigalehdari E, Tahmasebi Birgani M, Fatahinia M, Hosseinzadeh M

Objectives: Oropharyngeal candidiasis is one of the most common opportunistic fungal infections among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals. The most common cause is Candida albicans, followed by non-albicans Candida. This...
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Kidney transplantation in human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients: a report of two cases and a review of the literatures

Hwang HP, Yu HC, Kang KP, Kim W, Park SK, Ku JS, Kim H, Lee S

Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was traditionally considered an absolute contraindication for transplantation because of concerns about HIV disease progression due to immunosuppression. Since potent antiretroviral therapies (ARTs) have become...
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The 2018 Clinical Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of HIV/AIDS in HIV-Infected Koreans

The Korean Society for AIDS

Since the establishment of the Committee for Clinical Guidelines for the Diagnosis and Treatment of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) by the Korean Society for AIDS in 2010,...
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Role of Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy in Patients with Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection in the Era of Combination Antiretroviral Therapy

Kang JS, Lee SH, Lee S, Kim GH, Park YJ, Han IS, Lee JE, Lee SO, Moon C

BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) diseases are common in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. There are few reports on the epidemiology and endoscopic findings of gastric cancer in patients with...
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Changing Trends in Pregnancy and Childbirth among Women Living with Human Immunodeficiency Virus at a Tertiary Hospital in Korea: A 28-Year Experience

Kang JS, Lee SH, Lee S, Lee JE, Lee SO, Kim SC, Kim KH

BACKGROUND: The reports about fertility desire and pregnancy outcome among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in Korea are scarce. This study aimed to determine the changing trend in...
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Skin Disease in Korean Human Immunodeficiency Virus Patient

Jung HJ, Ahn JY, Jang DH, Lee JI, Bae JY, Park MY

BACKGROUND: In Korea, new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) patients continue to be diagnosed. Due to the development of highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART) and lengthening of survival period of infected...
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