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Abnormal Development of Neural Stem Cell Niche in the Dentate Gyrus of Menkes Disease

Cho Sk, Gwon S, Kim HA, Kim J, Cho SY, Kim DE, Chae JH, Park DH, Hwang YK

Background and Objectives: Menkes disease (MNK) is a rare X-linked recessive disease, caused by mutations in the copper transporting ATP7A gene that is required for copper homeostasis. MNK patients experience...
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Abnormal Dynamic Functional Connectivity of the Left Rostral Hippocampus in Predicting Antidepressant Efficacy in Major Depressive Disorder

Xue SW, Kuai C, Xiao Y, Zhao L, Lan Z

Objective Some pharmacological treatments are ineffective in parts of patients with major depressive disorder (MDD), hence this needs prediction of effective treatment responses. The study aims to examine the relationship...
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Differential Gene Expression in the Hippocampi of Nonhuman Primates Chronically Exposed to Methamphetamine, Cocaine, or Heroin

Choi MR, Jin YB, Kim HN, Lee H, Chai YG, Lee SR, Kim DJ

Objective Methamphetamine (MA), cocaine, and heroin cause severe public health problems as well as impairments in neural plasticity and cognitive function in the hippocampus. This study aimed to identify the...
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Simultaneous Cellular Imaging, Electrical Recording and Stimulation of Hippocampal Activity in Freely Behaving Mice

Kim CY, Kim SJ, Kloosterman F

  • KMID: 2531124
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2022 Jun;31(3):208-220.
  • doi: 10.5607/en22011
Hippocampal sharp-wave ripple activity (SWRs) and the associated replay of neural activity patterns are well-known for their role in memory consolidation. This activity has been studied using electrophysiological approaches, as...
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Time Course of Remote Neuropathology Following Diffuse Traumatic Brain Injury in the Male Rat

Giordano KR, Law LM, Henderson J, Rowe RK, Lifshitz J

  • KMID: 2530368
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2022 Apr;31(2):105-115.
  • doi: 10.5607/en21027
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can affect different regions throughout the brain. Regions near the site of impact are the most vulnerable to injury. However, damage to distal regions occurs. We...
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Therapeutic effects of stiripentol against ischemia-reperfusion injury in gerbils focusing on cognitive deficit, neuronal death, astrocyte damage and blood brain barrier leakage in the hippocampus

Shin MC, Lee TK, Lee JC, Kim HI, Park CW, Cho JH, Kim DW, Ahn JH, Won MH, Lee CH

Stiripentol is an anti-epileptic drug for the treating of refractory status epilepticus. It has been reported that stiripentol can attenuate seizure severity and reduce seizure-induced neuronal damage in animal models...
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Effects of N-acetylcystein on changes in parvalbumin-positive interneurons in the hippocampus after carbon monoxide poisoning

Kim ST, Yoo SJ

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate effect of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) on the injury of putative parvalbumin positive interneurons defined by molecular marker and hippocampal long-term potentiation (LTP),...
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Region-Specific Differences in the Apoe4-dependent Response to Focal Brain Injury

Lee SE, Yang H, Sung Y, Kim Y, Park SA

  • KMID: 2519890
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2021 Aug;30(4):285-293.
  • doi: 10.5607/en21022
Apolipoprotein E (apoE) plays a role in various physiological functions including lipid transport, synaptic plasticity, and immune modulation. Epidemiological studies suggest that the apoE4 allele increases the risk of post-traumatic sequelae....
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Systematic Review of the Neural Effect of Electroconvulsive Therapy in Patients with Schizophrenia: Hippocampus and Insula as the Key Regions of Modulation

Moon SY, Kim M, Lho SK, Oh S, Kim SH, Kwon JS

Objective Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been the most potent treatment option for treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS). However, the underlying neural mechanisms of ECT in schizophrenia remain largely unclear. This paper examines...
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Paeoniflorin ameliorates neuropathic pain-induced depression-like behaviors in mice by inhibiting hippocampal neuroinflammation activated via TLR4/NF-kB pathway

Bai H, Chen S, Yuan T, Xu D, Cui S, Li X

Neuropathic pain (NP) that contributes to the comorbidity between pain and depression is a clinical dilemma. Neuroinflammatory responses are known to have potentially important roles in the initiation of NP...
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Comparison of age‐dependent alterations in thioredoxin 2 and thioredoxin reductase 2 expressions in hippocampi between mice and rats

Yoo YH, Kim DW, Chen BH, Sim H, Kim B, Lee JC, Ahn JH, Park Y, Cho JH, Kang IJ, Won MH, Lee TK

Background Aging is one of major causes triggering neurophysiological changes in many brain substructures, including the hippocampus, which has a major role in learning and memory. Thioredoxin (Trx) is a class...
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Regulation of Gut Microbiota Disrupts the Glucocorticoid Receptor Pathway and Inflammation-related Pathways in the Mouse Hippocampus

Rao X, Liu L, Wang H, Yu Y, Li W, Chai T, Zhou W, Ji P, Song J, Wei H, Xie P

An increasing number of studies have recently indicated the important effects of gut microbes on various functions of the central nervous system. However, the underlying mechanisms by which gut microbiota regulate...
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Structural Changes in the Hippocampal Subfields in Early-Onset Mild Cognitive Impairment

Moon SW, Yoo DY

  • KMID: 2513157
  • J Korean Soc Biol Ther Psychiatry.
  • 2021 Feb;27(1):67-73.
Objectives:The aim of this study was to examine the structural change in the hippocampal subfields in early-onset (EO) mild cognitive impairment (MCI) patients associated with the APOE ε4 carrier state. Methods:This...
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MicroRNAs Related to Cognitive Impairment After Hearing Loss

Mun SK, Chae H, Piao XY, Lee HJ, Kim YK, Oh SH, Chang M

Objectives. Our research group has previously demonstrated that hearing loss might be a risk factor for synaptic loss within the hippocampus and impairment of cognition using an animal model of...
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MeBib Suppressed Methamphetamine Self-Administration Response via Inhibition of BDNF/ERK/CREB Signal Pathway in the Hippocampus

Kim B, Jha S, Seo JH, Jeong CH, Lee S, Lee S, Seo YH, Park B

Methamphetamine (MA) is one of the most commonly abused drugs in the world by illegal drug users. Addiction to MA is a serious public health problem and effective therapies do...
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Shape Analysis of the Subcortical Nuclei in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis without Cognitive Impairment

Tae WS, Sung JH, Baek SH, Lee CN, Kim BJ

Background and Purpose: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a neurodegenerative disease that mainly affects the pyramidal motor system. However, recent studies have suggested that degeneration of the extramotor system plays...
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Curcumin supplementation shows modulatory influence on functional and morphological features of hippocampus in mice subjected to arsenic trioxide exposure

Mehta K, Kaur B, Pandey KK, Kaler S, Dhar P

Since, oxidative stress has been suggested as one of the mechanisms underlying arsenic-induced toxicity, the present study focused on the role of antioxidant (curcumin) supplementation on behavioral, biochemical, and morphological...
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Effect of caffeinated energy drinks on the structure of hippocampal cornu ammonis 1 and dentate gyrus of adult male albino rats

Kamar SA, Abdel Malak HW, Adel Saad S

Energy drinks are available worldwide and frequently consumed to increase energy level and compensate lack of sleep. Energy drinks consumers aim to improve their cognitive functions. Red Bull is the...
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Baicalin alleviates lipopolysaccharide-induced neuroglial activation and inflammatory factors activation in hippocampus of adult mice

Shah MA, Park DJ, Kang JB, Koh PO, Kim MO

Baicalin is a natural flavonoid that exerts a variety of pharmaceutical effects such as anti-inflammatory and antioxidant. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is an endotoxin that releases inflammatory cytokines and induces inflammatory response....
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Changes of fat-mass and obesity-associated protein expression in the hippocampus in animal models of high-fat diet-induced obesity and D-galactose-induced aging

Kang MS, Kim TH, Choi JH, Kim W, Jung HY, Hwang IK, Kim W, Kwon HJ, Kim DW

Fat-mass and obesity-associated protein (Fto) is highly expressed in the brain including, the hippocampus, and its expression is significantly decreased in the brain of Alzheimer’s disease patients. In the present...
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