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The Impact of Optical Illusions on the Vestibular System

Öztürk , Şerbetçioğlu MB, Ersin K, Yılmaz O

Background and Objectives: Balance control is maintained in stationary and dynamic conditions, with coordinated muscle responses generated by somatosensory, vestibular, and visual inputs. This study aimed to investigate how the...
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Relationship between Chronological Orders of Symptoms and Vestibular Abnormality in Patients with Vestibular Migraine

YI SE, Park JW, Kwak JW, Choi Y, Lee SH, Ha SC, Park HJ

Objectives: Pathophysiology of vestibular migraine (VM) is still controversial. Vertigo may act as a trigger for migraine or there might other mechanisms which cause migraine and dizziness. VM patients have...
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Importance of High-Frequency Vestibular Function in the Prognosis of Bilateral Vestibulopathy

Bae SH, Nam GS, Kwak SH, Kim SH

Objectives. The aim of this study was to investigate whether preserved vestibular function in the high-frequency range influences the prognosis of patients with bilateral vestibulopathy (BVP) after vestibular rehabilitation. Methods. Twenty-four...
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Sequential Vestibular Neuritis: Report of Four Cases and Literature Review

Comacchio F, Mion M, Armato E, Castellucci A

Background and Objectives: Bilateral sequential vestibular neuritis (BSVN) is a rare condition in which an inflammation or an ischemic damage of the vestibular nerve occurs bilaterally in a sequential pattern....
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Prevalence of Peripheral Vestibular Impairment in Adults with Human Immunodeficiency Virus

Millar A, Joubert K, Naude A

Background and Objectives: Globally, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is responsible for one of the most serious pandemics to date. The vulnerability of the vestibular system in individuals with HIV...
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Normative Vestibular-Ocular Reflex Gain Values for the Vertical Semicircular Canals

Hag L, Abrahamsen ER, Hougaard DD

Objectives: To determine normative vestibular-ocular-reflex (VOR) gain values for the vertical semicircular canals (SCCs) within a Danish cohort of healthy adults. Normative data regarding the vertical SCCs are sparse. Assessing...
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Comparison of Predictive Parameters between the Video Head Impulse Test and Caloric Test

Han C, Paik SW, Yang HJ, Park SY, Lee JH, Seo YJ

Objectives: The aim of this paper was to determine if a correlation exists between video head impulse test (vHIT) and electronystagmography with caloric test (ENG). More specifically, comparison of covert...
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Dissociated Results between Caloric and Video Head Impulse Tests in Dizziness: Prevalence, Pattern, Lesion Location, and Etiology

Lee JY, Kwon E, Kim HJ, Choi JY, Oh HJ, Koo JW, Kim JS

Background and Purpose This study was designed to determine the prevalence, pattern, lesion location, and etiology of dissociation in the results of the bithermal caloric test and the horizontal video head...
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Clinical Application of Video Head Impulse Test in Acute Vestibular Syndrome

Yoo MH

Acute unilateral vestibulopathy (AUV) is the recommended term [rather than the more widely used ‘vestibular neuritis (VN)’] for all pathologies involving sudden impairment of the unilateral peripheral vestibular function regardless...
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Selective impairment of the rapid eye movements in myotonic dystrophy

Kim SH, Park JS

The patients with myotonic dystrophy (MD) show ocular motor abnormalities including strabismus, vergence deficits, and inaccurate or slow saccades. Two theories have been proposed to explain the oculomotor deficits in...
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Relationship between Video Head Impulse Gain and Severity of Dizziness in Patients with Vestibular Neuritis

Nam SH, Kim YH, Choi WR, Kim Y, Ku JY, Park HJ

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the correlation between video head impulse test (vHIT) and dizziness handicap inventory (DHI), which is commonly used to quantify severity of dizziness in vestibular neuritis...
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Analysis of Age-Dependent Normative Values of Suppression Video-Head-Impulse Test in Healthy Korean Subjects

Jeong DY, Park YS, Cho SI

OBJECTIVES: Suppression head impulse paradigm (SHIMP) in video head impulse test is now newly used to test vestibular function. The aim of this study was to analyze normative values of...
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The Value of Posterior Semicircular Canal Function in Predicting Hearing Recovery of Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss

Shin JW, Kim SW, Kim YW, Jang W, Kim BH, Lim YS, Park SW, Cho CG, Park JH

OBJECTIVES: Postulated etiologies for idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) include viral cochleitis, microvascular events. If SSNHL is caused by vascular compromise of common cochlear artery that supplies cochlea and...
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Comparison of Suppression Head Impulse and Conventional Head Impulse Test Protocols

Roh KJ, Kim JY, Son EJ

OBJECTIVES: The head impulse test paradigm (HIMP) assesses semicircular canal function by measuring compensatory saccades during head movements as an indication of an impaired vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). The recently introduced...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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Long-Term Changes in Video Head Impulse and Caloric Tests in Patients with Unilateral Vestibular Neuritis

Lee HJ, Kim SH, Jung J

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse tests (vHITs) and caloric tests are widely used to assess the loss of vestibular function in acute vestibular neuritis. Although previous studies have reported...
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Clinical Application and Update of Video Head Impulse Test

Lee JY, Park JS, Kim MB

Recently with the introduction of video head impulse test (vHIT), it can be easily performed quantitative and objective measurement of vestibulo-ocular reflex (VOR). vHIT has been used as a clinical...
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Clinical Usefulness of Video Head Impulse Test-Comparison of Bithermal Caloric Test and Bedside Head Impulse Test

Kim HJ, Ko YJ, Hong HS, Lee SC, Kim HJ, Kim KS

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Video head impulse test system (vHIT) is an easy-to-use test and there are numerous studies showing its efficacy. The aim of the study was to evaluate the...
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The Clinical Efficacy of Vestibular Function Tests in Patients with Acute Unilateral Vestibulopathy

Kang BH, Kim JI

OBJECTIVES: Aim of this study is to investigate the clinical efficacy of the vestibular function tests (VFTs) and the predictability of lesion side of vestibular asymmetry parameters in acute unilateral...
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Clinical Feasibility of Suppression Head Impulse Test in Vestibulopathy Patients

Kang YJ, Jun BC, Cho YS, Lim JH, Kim DY

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The suppression head impulse (SHIMP) test has emerged as one of the new vestibular function tests. The SHIMP test is an analysis of anti-compensatory saccadic movements in...
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