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Dysembryoplastic Neuroepithelial Tumor: A Benign but Complex Tumor of the Cerebral Cortex

Phi JH, Kim SH

Dysembryoplastic neuroepithelial tumor (DNET) is a distinct type of low-grade glioneuronal tumor. Clinically, DNET is highly associated with intractable epilepsy in young children and adolescents. Therefore, the burden of the...
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Recent Updates on Radiation Therapy for Pediatric Optic Pathway Glioma

Kim N, Lim DH

Optic pathway glioma (OPG) is a rare tumor located in optic nerve, optic tract, or optic chiasm. Treatment options for OPG include surgery, radiation therapy (RT), and chemotherapy. Although RT...
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Recent Update in Pharmacological Agents for Optic Pathway Glioma

Park M

Optic pathway gliomas (OPGs) are insidious, debilitating low-grade tumors. They can affect the optic nerve, optic chiasm, and optic tracts and can be sporadic or associated with neurofibromatosis type 1...
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The Overview of Practical Guidelines for Gliomas by KSNO, NCCN, and EANO

Kim YZ, Kim CY, Lim DH

Gliomas have been histologically diagnosed as the third most common primary tumor of the central nervous system (CNS) in a relatively small portion of Korea. Despite the rarity of gliomas,...
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Combined Treatment With Radiotherapy and Immunotherapy for Isocitrate Dehydrogenase Mutant Brainstem Glioma in Adult: A Case Report

Morimoto T, Matsuda R, Nakazawa T, Nishimura F, Nakagawa I

Brainstem gliomas are not common in adults, and the treatment strategies and their outcomes are limited. Immunotherapy is emerging as a promising new modality for the treatment of these gliomas....
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Influence of Concurrent and Adjuvant Temozolomide on Health-Related Quality of Life of Patients with Grade III Gliomas: A Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Clinical Trial (KNOG-1101 Study)

Ahn GS, Hwang K, Kim TM, Park CK, Chang JH, Jung TY, Kim JH, Nam DH, Kim SH, Yoo H, Hong YK, Kim EY, Lee DE, Joo J, Kim YJ, Choe G, Choi BS, Kang SG, Kim JH, Kim CY

Purpose The KNOG-1101 study showed improved 2-year PFS with temozolomide during and after radiotherapy compared to radiotherapy alone for patients with anaplastic gliomas. This trial investigates the effect of concurrent and...
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Glioma Immunotherapy: Advances and Challenges for Spinal Cord Gliomas

Grady C, Melnick K, Porche K, Dastmalchi F, Hoh DJ, Rahman M, Ghiaseddin A

Spinal cord gliomas are rare entities that often have limited surgical options. Immunotherapy has shown promise in intracranial gliomas with some research suggesting benefit for spinal cord gliomas. A focused...
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Current Immunotherapeutic Approaches for Malignant Gliomas

Han MH, Kim CH

Glioblastoma is the most common malignant central nervous system (CNS) tumor (48.3%), with a median survival of only about 14.6 months. Although the CNS is an immune-privileged site, activated T...
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Impact of General Factors on Glioma Immunotherapy

Huang Q, Wang D, Yao G, Wang H

Glioma remains the most common malignant tumor in the brain and is also the most difficult to treat. Immunotherapy achieving long-lasting tumor remission in multiple cancer types has received considerable...
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Influence of the Amount of Fresh Specimen on the Isolation of Tumor Mesenchymal Stem-Like Cells from High-Grade Glioma

Kong SH, Yoo J, Lee D, Moon S, Sung KS, Park SH, Shim JK, Choi RJ, Yoon SJ, Moon JH, Kim EH, Lee SJ, Chang JH, Kang SG

Purpose: A critical indicator of the overall survival of patients with high-grade glioma is the successful isolation of tumor mesenchymal stem-like cells (tMSLCs), which play important roles in glioma progression....
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Apoptin gene delivery by a PAMAM dendrimer modified with a nuclear localization signal peptide as a gene carrier for brain cancer therapy

Bae Y, Lee J, Kho C, Choi JS, Han J

In this study, we aimed to synthesize PAMAMG3 derivatives (PAMAMG3-KRRR and PAMAMG3-HKRRR), using KRRR peptides as a nuclear localization signal and introduced histidine residues into the KRRR-grafted PAMAMG3 for delivering...
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Long Noncoding RNA PVT1 Promotes Stemness and Temozolomide Resistance through miR-365/ELF4/SOX2 Axis in Glioma

Gong R, Li ZQ, Fu K, Ma C, Wang W, Chen JC

  • KMID: 2517477
  • Exp Neurobiol.
  • 2021 Jun;30(3):244-255.
  • doi: 10.5607/en20060
Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) are a class of non-coding RNAs demonstrated to play pivotal roles in regulating tumor progression. Therefore, deciphering the regulatory role of lncRNA in the development of...
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Laplacian-Regularized Mean Apparent Propagator-MRI in Evaluating Corticospinal Tract Injury in Patients with Brain Glioma

Jiang R, Jiang S, Song S, Wei X, Deng K, Zhang Z, Xue Y

Objective: To evaluate the application of laplacian-regularized mean apparent propagator (MAPL)-MRI to brain glioma-induced corticospinal tract (CST) injury. Materials and Methods: This study included 20 patients with glioma adjacent to the...
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The Korean Society for Neuro-Oncology (KSNO) Guideline for Adult Diffuse Midline Glioma: Version 2021.1

Yoon HI, Wee CW, Kim YZ, Seo Y, Im JH, Dho YS, Kim KH, Hong JB, Park JS, Choi SH, Kim MS, Moon J, Hwang K, Park JE, Cho JM, Yoon WS, Kim SH, Kim YI, Kim HS, Sung KS, Song JH, Lee MH, Han MH, Lee SH, Chang JH, Lim DH, Park CK, Lee YS, Gwak HS, KSNO Guideline Working Group

Background There have been no guidelines for the management of adult patients with diffuse midline glioma (DMG), H3K27M-mutant in Korea since the 2016 revised WHO classification newly defined this disease...
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Tectal glioma presenting with adult-onset epileptic seizures

Kim JH, Jo H, Choi JW, Joo EY

Tectal glioma is an indolent and benign tumor that occurs predominantly in the pediatric population. It arises in the tectum of the midbrain and, due to its location, contributes to...
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Clinical and Genetic Features of Brainstem Glioma in Adults: A Report of 50 Cases in a Single Center

Zhou C, Zhao H, Yang F, Huangfu L, Dong C, Wang S, Zhang J

Background and Purpose Brainstem gliomas (BSGs) in adults are rare brain tumors with dismal outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the clinical and genetic features in a...
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Clinical and Genomic Characteristics of Adult Diffuse Midline Glioma

Park C, Kim TM, Bae JM, Yun H, Kim JW, Choi SH, Lee ST, Lee JH, Park SH, Park CK

Purpose The treatment outcomes and genomic profiles of diffuse midline glioma (DMG) in adult patients are rarely characterized. We performed a retrospective study to evaluate the clinicogenomic profiles of adult patients...
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Mutant IDH1 Enhances Temozolomide Sensitivity via Regulation of the ATM/CHK2 Pathway in Glioma

Lin L, Cai J, Tan Z, Meng X, Li R, Li Y, Jiang C

Purpose Isocitrate dehydrogenase 1 (IDH1) mutations are the most common genetic abnormalities in low-grade gliomas and secondary glioblastomas. Glioma patients with these mutations had better clinical outcomes. However, the effect of...
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The prognostic significance of p16 expression pattern in diffuse gliomas

Park JW, Kang J, Lim KY, Kim H, Kim SI, Won JK, Park CK, Park SH

Background: CDKN2A is a tumor suppressor gene that encodes the cell cycle inhibitor protein p16. Homozygous deletion of the CDKN2A gene has been associated with shortened survival in isocitrate dehydrogenase...
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Comparison of Genetic Profiles and Prognosis of High-Grade Gliomas Using Quantitative and Qualitative MRI Features: A Focus on G3 Gliomas

Hong EK, Choi SH, Shin DJ, Jo SW, Yoo RE, Kang KM, Yun TJ, Kim Jh, Sohn CH, Park SH, Won JK, Kim TM, Park CK, Kim IH, Lee ST

Objective: To evaluate the association of MRI features with the major genomic profiles and prognosis of World Health Organization grade III (G3) gliomas compared with those of glioblastomas (GBMs). Materials and...
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