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Role of Efflux Pump Gene adeIJK to Multidrug Resistance in Acinetobacter baumannii Clinical Isolates

Choi JA, Kim CM, Jang SJ, Cho SS, Jang CH, Ko YJ, Kang SH, Park G

BACKGROUND: The emergence of multidrug-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii as a nosocomial pathogen is one of the major public health problems. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of...
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Pathologic characteristics for the Rhodococcus equi infection in foals in Jeju

From 1996 to 2014, 14 foals from nine farms in Jeju were diagnosed with a Rhodococcus equi infection. Clinically, most foals showed characteristic respiratory signs, including hyperthermia and dyspnea. The...
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Restriction of Central Line Insertion and Prophylactic Antibiotics Usage in Moderate and Late Preterm Infants from a Quality Improvement Perspective

Kim SY, Lee GM, Kim ES

OBJECTIVE: The care provided to moderate and late preterm (MLPT) infants is an area of significant practice variation and most of the quality improvement initiations are for very low birth...
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Antimicrobial Susceptibility and Genetic Analysis of Campylobacter jejuni Isolated from Diarrhea Patients in Busan

Park SH, Kim BJ, Kwon YH, Hwang IY, Sung GH, Park EH, Jin SH

BACKGROUND: Campylobacter jejuni is an important food-borne pathogen that causes human gastroenteritis. This study was conducted to investigate the incidence of isolation, antimicrobial susceptibility pattern, and C. jejuni genotype from...
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Polymicrobial Keratitis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi

Kang JY, Song JH, Nam KY, Lee SU, Lee SJ

PURPOSE: To report polymicrobial keratitis involving Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Ochrobactrum anthropi. CASE SUMMARY: A 53-year-old female complained of pain and secretion in her right eye, which started 6 weeks...
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Can Aminoglycosides Be Used as a New Treatment for Helicobacter pylori? In vitro Activity of Recently Isolated Helicobacter pylori

Lee KH, Park SY, Jeong SJ, Jung DH, Kim JH, Jeong SH, Kang IM, Song YG

BACKGROUND: Smectite can serve as a drug delivery system and gentamicin-intercalated smectite hybrids are expected to supersede the standard therapy for Helicobacter pylori eradication. The aim of this study was...
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Intratympanic Gentamicin Versus Labyrinthectomy: Inner Ear Sensitivity to Gentamicin and Impact on the Contralateral Labyrinth

Kontorinis G, Tailor H, Gaggini M, Crowther J

OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact of labyrinthectomy and intratympanic (IT) gentamicin injections on the contralateral labyrinth, we also assessed the response of each individual semicircular canal to each IT gentamicin...
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Evaluation of in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of Bacillus anthracis strains isolated during anthrax outbreaks in Italy from 1984 to 2017

Manzulli V, Fasanella , Parisi A, Serrecchia L, Donatiello A, Rondinone , Caruso M, Zange S, Tscherne A, Decaro N, Pedarra C, Galante D

Anthrax, caused by Bacillus anthracis, is a non-contagious infectious disease that affects a wide range of animal species (primarily ruminants) including humans. Due to the often-fatal outcome in humans, quick...
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Comparison of Enterococcus faecium Bacteremic Isolates from Hematologic and Non-hematologic Patients: Differences in Antimicrobial Resistance and Molecular Characteristics

Cho SY, Park YJ, Cho H, Park DJ, Yu JK, Oak HC, Lee DG

BACKGROUND: Enterococcus faecium, especially vancomycin-resistant E. faecium (VREfm), is a major concern for patients with hematologic diseases. Exposure to antibiotics including fluoroquinolone, which is used as a routine prophylaxis for...
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Locacorten Vioform Ototoxicity Upon Guinea Pig Middle Ear Application

Woods O, Saliba I

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Locacorten Vioform (Novartis UK) is frequently prescribed for otomycosis. Its component, Clioquinol, also has anti-bacterial properties. Up to this point, its ototoxic potential has not been evaluated....
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In Vitro Study Evaluating the Antimicrobial Activity of Vancomycin-Impregnated Cement Stored at Room Temperature in Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus

Park SJ, Cho Y, Lee SW, Woo HY, Lim SE

PURPOSE: Treatment of diabetic foot infection due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains challenging. Applying vancomycin-impregnated cement is one of the best methods of treatment. Vancomycin-impregnated cement has been used...
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Treatment-failure tularemia in children

Karlı A, Şensoy G, Paksu S, Korkmaz MF, Ertuğrul , Karlı R

PURPOSE: Tularemia is an infection caused by Francisella tularensis. Its diagnosis and treatment may be difficult in many cases. The aim of this study was to evaluate treatment modalities for...
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Virulence Genes, Antibiotic Resistance and Capsule Locus Polymorphisms in Enterococcus faecalis isolated from Canals of Root-Filled Teeth with Periapical Lesions

Saffari F, Sobhanipoor MH, Shahravan , Ahmadrajabi R

Frequent isolation of Enterococcus faecalis from root canal treated teeth with apical periodontitis, has proposed the role of this organism in endodontic treatment failures. Different factors have been suggested in...
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Extensively Drug-Resistant Escherichia coli Sequence Type 1642 Carrying an IncX3 Plasmid Containing the blaKPC-2 Gene Associated with Transposon Tn4401a

Jeong S, Kim JO, Yoon EJ, Bae IK, Lee W, Lee H, Park Y, Lee K, Jeong SH

BACKGROUND: Extensively drug-resistant (XDR) Enterobacteriaceae carrying the bla(KPC) gene have emerged as a major global therapeutic concern. The purpose of this study was to analyze the complete sequences of plasmids...
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Screening of Antibiotics that Selectively Inhibit a Bacterial Species Associated with a Recurrent Aphthous Stomatitis Risk

Lee A, Kim Y, Choi Y

Recurrent aphthous stomatitis (RAS) is a common oral mucosal disorder for which no curative treatment is available. We previously reported that decreased Streptococcus salivarius and increased Acinetobacter johnsonii on the...
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Animal Models for Acute Kidney Injury

Jang HR

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is classified into three types according to its pathophysiology: prerenal, intrinsic renal, and post-renal AKI. Experimental models of AKI can be divided into two categories: in...
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Analysis of Microorganisms and Antibiotics Susceptibility in Dacryocystitis

Lee CH, Lee TE, You IC, Cho NC, Ahn M

PURPOSE: This article analyzes the microorganisms and antibiotics susceptibility in dacryocystitis. METHODS: In this study, patients who were diagnosed with acute and chronic dacryocystitis with nasolacrimal duct obstruction were selected and...
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Clinical Analysis of Staphylococcus aureus Keratitis according to Methicillin-resistance

Ahn JH, Lee SB

PURPOSE: This study analyzed clinical characteristics of Staphylococcus aureus keratitis according to methicillin-resistance. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective chart review of 46 isolates in 46 eyes with Staphylococcus aureus keratitis...
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Recent Antimicrobial Susceptibilities for Uropathogenic Escherichia coli in Patients with Community Acquired Urinary Tract Infections: A Multicenter Study

Kim WB, Cho KH, Lee SW, Yang HJ, Yun JH, Lee KW, Kim JM, Kim YH, Jeon YS, Kim ME

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and disease-specific antimicrobial susceptibility of Escherichia coli in urinary tract infections (UTIs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 862 patients...
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High Incidence of Virulence Factors Among Clinical Enterococcus faecalis Isolates in Southwestern Iran

Heidari H, Hasanpour , Ebrahim-Saraie HS, Motamedifar M

BACKGROUND: Over the past two decades, enterococci have emerged as an important agent responsible for hospital acquired infection. Several virulence factors contribute to the adherence, colonization, evasion of the host...
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