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Angiotensin II and TGF-β1 Induce Alterations in Human Amniotic Fluid-Derived Mesenchymal Stem Cells Leading to Cardiomyogenic Differentiation Initiation

Gasiūnienė M, Petkus G, Matuzevičius D, Navakauskas D, Navakauskienė R

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Human amniotic fluid-derived mesenchymal stem cells (AF-MSCs) may be a valuable source for cardiovascular tissue engineering and cell therapy. The aim of this study is to verify...
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Oculodentodigital Dysplasia Presenting as Spastic Paraparesis: The First Genetically Confirmed Korean Case and a Literature Review

Park KW, Ryu HS, Kim J, Chung SJ

Oculodentodigital dysplasia (ODDD) is a rare autosomal dominant inherited disease caused by mutations of the human gap junction alpha 1 gene, which encodes the protein Connexin-43. Patients with ODDD may...
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Long Term Speech Perception Outcomes of Cochlear Implantation in Gap Junction Protein Beta 2 Related Hearing Loss

Kim SH, Nepali R, Yoo MH, Lee KS, Chung JW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The mutation of the gap junction protein beta 2 (GJB2) gene is the predominant cause of autosomal recessive non-syndromic hearing loss. The purpose of this study was...
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Expression of Connexin 43 in the Myocardium in Sudden Unexplained Nocturnal Death Syndrome

Huh GY, Ahn JW, Kim EY

Sudden unexplained nocturnal death syndrome (SUNDS) occurs predominantly in Southeast Asian people including Koreans. SUNDS is problematic for forensic pathologists because the diagnosis depends on the "exclusion of diagnosis." Moreover,...
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Gap junction blockage promotes cadmium-induced apoptosis in BRL 3A derived from Buffalo rat liver cells

Hu D, Zou H, Han T, Xie J, Dai N, Zhuo L, Gu J, Bian J, Yuan Y, Liu X, Liu Z

Gap junctions mediate direct communication between cells; however, toxicological cascade triggered by nonessential metals can abrogate cellular signaling mediated by gap junctions. Although cadmium (Cd) is known to induce apoptosis...
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Spinal Gap Junction Channels in Neuropathic Pain

Jeon YH, Youn DH

Damage to peripheral nerves or the spinal cord is often accompanied by neuropathic pain, which is a complex, chronic pain state. Increasing evidence indicates that alterations in the expression and...
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Effect of Mefloquine, a Gap Junction Blocker, on Circadian Period2 Gene Oscillation in the Mouse Suprachiasmatic Nucleus Ex Vivo

Koo J, Choe HK, Kim HD, Chun SK, Son GH, Kim K

BACKGROUND: In mammals, the master circadian pacemaker is localized in an area of the ventral hypothalamus known as the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN). Previous studies have shown that pacemaker neurons in...
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Cordblood-Based High-Throughput Screening for Deafness Gene of 646 Newborns in Jinan Area of China

Li SX, Chen DL, Zhao SB, Guo LL, Feng HQ, Zhang XF, Ping LL, Yang ZM, Sun CX, Yao GD

OBJECTIVES: Infants with slight/mild or late-onset hearing impairment might be missed in universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS). We identified the mutation hot spot of common deaf gene in the newborns...
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Bisphenol A and 4-tert-Octylphenol Inhibit Cx46 Hemichannel Currents

Oh S

Connexins (Cx) are membrane proteins and monomers for forming gap junction (GJ) channels. Cx46 and Cx50 are also known to function as conductive hemichannels. As part of an ongoing effort...
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The Significance of Interstitial Cells in Neurogastroenterology

Blair PJ, Rhee PL, Sanders KM, Ward SM

  • KMID: 2381189
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2014 Jul;20(3):294-317.
Smooth muscle layers of the gastrointestinal tract consist of a heterogeneous population of cells that include enteric neurons, several classes of interstitial cells of mesenchymal origin, a variety of immune...
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Erythrokeratodermia Variabilis Showing Gradual Disappearance of Erythema

Kim H, Park IH, Kang JN, Seol JE, Sung HS

  • KMID: 1802079
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2014 Apr;52(4):260-263.
Erythrokeratodermia variabilis is an autosomal-dominant inherited disease associated with a mutation in gap junction beta (GJB) 3 and 4. It shows two characteristic features: migratory and irregularly shaped erythematous lesions...
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Vesicular Stomatitis Virus G Glycoprotein and ATRA Enhanced Bystander Killing of Chemoresistant Leukemic Cells by Herpes Simplex Virus Thymidine Kinase/Ganciclovir

Hu C, Chen Z, Zhao W, Wei L, Zheng Y, He C, Zeng Y, Yin B

  • KMID: 2170650
  • Biomol Ther.
  • 2014 Mar;22(2):114-121.
Refractoriness of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) cells to chemotherapeutics represents a major clinical barrier. Suicide gene therapy for cancer has been attractive but with limited clinical efficacy. In this study,...
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Mouse Models for the Evaluation of Osteocyte Functions

Komori T

  • KMID: 2391953
  • J Bone Metab.
  • 2014 Feb;21(1):55-60.
Osteocytes establish an extensive intracellular and extracellular communication system via gap junction-coupled cell processes and canaliculi, through which cell processes pass throughout bone, and the communication system is extended to...
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Replication of the Association of the 6q22.31c Locus near GJA1 with Pulse Rate in the Korean Population

Kim NH, Kim YJ, Oh JH, Cho YS

Pulse rate is known to be related to diverse phenotypes, such as cardiovascular diseases, lifespan, arrhythmia, hypertension, lipids, diabetes, and menopause. We have reported two genomewide significant genetic loci responsible...
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Gap Junction Contributions to the Goldfish Electroretinogram at the Photopic Illumination Level

Kim DY, Jung CS

Understanding how the b-wave of the electroretinogram (ERG) is generated by full-field light stimulation is still a challenge in visual neuroscience. To understand more about the origin of the b-wave,...
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Sex- and Age-Related Changes in Connexin 43 Expression in Normal Rat Bladder

Song SH, Joo HT, Cho HW, Hwang HW, Lee KH, Kim DK

  • KMID: 2232788
  • Int Neurourol J.
  • 2011 Mar;15(1):25-28.
PURPOSE: Gap junctions are intercellular channels to facilitate electrical and metabolic communication between adjacent cells. Connexin 43 is the most predominant type of connexin expressed on rat detrusor muscle cells....
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Regulation of Gap Junctional Intercellular Communication in Human Keratinocyte Cells

Kahng HS, Kim BC, Kang SO, Hong JJ, Jun HJ, Choung YH

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Unlike the normal skin, cholesteatomas characterized by hyperproliferative keratinocytes exhibits up-regulation of connexins (Cxs) and gap junctional intercellular communication (GJIC). Currently, there are no appropriate clinical methods...
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Changes in transcript and protein levels of calbindin D28k, calretinin and parvalbumin, and numbers of neuronal populations expressing these proteins in an ischemia model of rat retina

Kim SA, Jeon JH, Son MJ, Cha J, Chun MH, Kim IB

Excessive calcium is thought to be a critical step in various neurodegenerative processes including ischemia. Calbindin D28k (CB), calretinin (CR), and parvalbumin (PV), members of the EF-hand calcium-binding protein family,...
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Upregulation of Connexin43 Expression in Mitral Valves in a Rabbit Model of Hypercholesterolemia

Kwon JB, Park CB, Sa YJ, Kim YD, Moon SW, Kim CK

  • KMID: 2289071
  • Korean J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg.
  • 2010 Aug;43(4):356-363.
BACKGROUND: Connexin 43-mediated gap junctional communication plays an important role in atherosclerosis. Numerous studies have demonstrated a correlation between mitral valve annular calcification and atherosclerotic disease. However, the relevance of...
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In Silico Study of Human Gap Junction Beta-2 Protein by Homology Modeling

Shehzadi A, Masood K

  • KMID: 2166480
  • Genomics Inform.
  • 2010 Jun;8(2):70-75.
Asp66his, Asp54Lys, and Asp50Asn are mutations in connexin 26 that are observed in the clinic and give rise to autosomal dominant syndromes. They are the result of point mutations in...
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