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Zinc Deficiency Elevates Fecal Protein, But Not Electrolyte and Short-Chain Fatty Acid, Levels in Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli-Induced Diarrhea in Rats

David EE, Yameen MA, Igwenyi IO, David CN, Nwobodo V, Ismail AK

Purpose: To determine the effect of zinc deficiency on fecal protein, electrolyte, and shortchain fatty acid levels in both heat-stable (ST) and heat-labile (LT) enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC)-induced diarrhea in...
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Risk Factors for Mortality in Patients with Klebsiella pneumoniae Carbapenemaseproducing K. pneumoniae and Escherichia coli bacteremia

Seo H, Bae S, Kim MJ, Chong YP, Kim SH, Lee SO, Choi SH, Kim YS, Jung J

Background: Klebsiella pneumoniae carbapenemase (KPC)-producing Enterobacterales bacteremia is associated with significant mortality; however, no optimal antibiotic strategy is available. We aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes according to the antibiotic...
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Effects of carbamate pesticides intermediates on Escherichia coli membrane architecture: An in vitro and in silico approach

Singh P, Tripathi MK, Yasir M, Ranjan A, Shrivastava R

Methyl isocyanate (MIC), a low molecular weight synthetic aliphatic compound, having an isocyanate group (−NCO), has industrial application. In this study, the effects of methyl isocyanate and its mechanism on...
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Prevalence and Molecular Epidemiology of ExtendedSpectrum-β-Lactamase (ESBL)-Producing Escherichia coli From Multiple Sectors of the Swine Industry in Korea: A Korean Nationwide Monitoring Program for a One Health Approach to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Kim YA, Kim H, Seo YH, Park GE, Lee H, Lee K

Background: One health is a flexible concept with many facets, including the environment, community, and the nosocomial super-bacteria resistance network. We investigated the molecular prevalence of extended-spectrum-β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli (ESBL-EC)...
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Single-dose amikacin plus 7 days of amoxicillin/ clavulanate to treat acute cystitis caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli: A retrospective cohort study

Ahn ST, Han DE, Lee DH, Kim JW, Park HS, Moon DG, Oh MM

Purpose: Treatment options for urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are limited other than carbapenem. Accordingly, clinicians should investigate alternative antimicrobial options for limited infection. This...
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Risk Factors Associated with Recurrent Urinary Tract Infection Caused by Escherichia coli

Kim YA, Kang EW, Seo YH, Lee K

Background: The purpose of this study was to analyze the clinical and microbiological characteristics of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by Escherichia coli— the most common etiological agent. Methods: Cases...
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Pregnancy and Abnormal Vaginal Flora

Oh Sy

There is no doubt that ascending infection originated from vagina is the main route of intra-amniotic infection (or inflammation), which account for 40-50% of preterm birth. Abnormal vaginal flora can...
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Genotypic characterization of fluoroquinolone-resistant Escherichia coli isolates from edible offal

Son SH, Seo KW, Kim YB, Noh EB, Lee KW, Oh TH, Kim SJ, Song JC, Kim TW, Lee YJ

Abstract: Edible offal is easily contaminated by Escherichia coli (E. coli) and fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant E. coli is considered a serious public health problem, thus, this study investigated the genetic characteristics...
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Virulence and antimicrobial resistance genes of pathogenic Escherichia coli from piglets showing diarrhea before and after ban on antibiotic growth promoters in feed

Do KH, Byun JW, Lee WK

Abstract: This study examined the prevalence of adherence factors, toxin genes, antimicrobial resistance phenotypes, and resistance genes in Escherichia coli (E. coli) isolated from piglets with diarrhea before and...
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Cancer patients with neutropenic septic shock: etiology and antimicrobial resistance

Jung SM, Kim YJ, Ryoo SM, Sohn CH, Seo DW, Lim KS, Kim WY

Background/Aims: Among patients with febrile neutropenia that developed after chemotherapy, high-risk patients, such as those having clinical instability or Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer score of < 21,...
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Emphysematous pyelonephritis associated with calcium oxalate uroliths detected on computed tomography in an awake dog

Kwak HH, Hussein KH, Woo HM, Park KM

An 11-year-old female mixed-breed dog admitted due to anorexia and vomiting. Radiography showed 7.6-mm uroliths in the right proximal ureter and an enlarged kidney. Type 1 emphysematous pyelonephritis (EPN) was...
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Molecular Epidemiology of Ciprofloxacin-Resistant Escherichia coli Isolated from Community-Acquired Urinary Tract Infections in Korea

Kim B, Seo MR, Kim J, Kim Y, Wie SH, Ki M, Cho YK, Lim S, Lee JS, Kwon KT, Lee H, Cheong HJ, Park DW, Ryu SY, Chung MH, Pai H

Background: Escherichia coli is the predominant causative pathogen for community-acquired urinary tract infections (UTIs), and the increase in fluoroquinolone-resistant E. coli is of great concern in Korea. The objectives of...
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The First Case of Acute Neonatal Suppurative Parotitis Caused by Escherichia coli in Korea

Cho JY, Youn JH, Park JS, Cho JM

Neonatal acute suppurative parotitis is rare. Staphylococcus aureus is the most common pathogen and antibiotic treatment is the first line therapy. Here, we report a case of acute suppurative parotitis...
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Clinical characteristics of children who visited the emergency department with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli urinary tract infection and its risk factors

Hong Sh, Kim Hb, Chueh HW

Purpose: To identify the differences in features between children with urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBL)-positive and -negative Escherichia coli, and analyze risk factors for the former...
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Purulent pericarditis: subdiaphragmatic suppurative focus

Choi KU, Lee CH

Purulent pericarditis is defined as a localized pericardial infection with gross pus formation in the pericardial space. Although purulent pericarditis is now rare in the antibiotic era, it may be...
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Diversity of Genetic Environment of bla(CTX-M) Genes and Antimicrobial Susceptibility in Extended-spectrum β-lactamase producing Escherichia coli Isolated in Korea

Yang YY, Suh MH

Increasing resistance due to the production of extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL) in Escherichia coli is a major problem to public health and CTX-M enzymes have become the most prevalent ESBL worldwide....
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Prevalence and molecular characteristics of 16s rRNA methylase gene rmtB in amikacin resistant Escherichia coli isolated from South Korea

The production of rmtB-encoded 16S rRNA methylases has emerged as a novel mechanism promoting high-level resistance toward aminoglycosides in Gram-negative bacteria. Between 2015 and 2017, 636 distinct commensal Escherichia (E.)...
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Change in the Annual Antibiotic Susceptibility of Escherichia coli in Community-Onset Urinary Tract Infection between 2008 and 2017 in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Korea

Kim YJ, Lee JM, Cho J, Lee J

The susceptibility of Escherichia coli from community onset urinary tract infection (UTI) was evaluated by dividing community onset UTI into the simple community acquired-UTI (CA-UTI) and healthcare associated UTI (HCA-UTI)...
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A Case of Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome after Appendectomy

Kim L, Jung HL, Shim JY, Kim DS, Shim JW, Han YJ, Kwak JH

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is associated with consumption of under cooked gound beef, characterized by triad of renal failure, microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. Early recognition of this disease, maintenance...
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Nosocomial Outbreak Caused by NDM-5 and OXA-181 Carbapenemase Co-producing Escherichia coli

Ahn K, Hwang GY, Kim YK, Kim HY, Jeong HR, Hong JS, Uh Y

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) is an important and increasing threat to global health. From July to September 2017, 20 inpatients at a tertiary care hospital in Korea were either colonized or...
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