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Gastrointestinal Emergency in Neonates and Infants: A Pictorial Essay

Choi G, Je BK, Kim YJ

Gastrointestinal (GI) emergencies in neonates and infants encompass from the beginning to the end of the GI tract. Both congenital and acquired conditions can cause various GI emergencies in neonates...
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Clinical features of acute Phytolacca poisoning and factors associated with severe poisoning

Sim DO, Lee JB, Jin YH, Jeong TO, Kim SE, Oh TH, Lee JM, Yoon JC

  • KMID: 2519740
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Aug;32(4):353-361.
Objective: This study evaluated the clinical features of acute Phytolacca poisoning and investigated the prognostic factors associated with severe poisoning. Methods: This is a retrospective observational study using the data of...
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Small Bowel Intussusception in a Preterm Infant

Jung JH, Park JY, Park SH

Intussusception is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in 6-18 months of age. However, in preterm infants, it is an extremely rare disease. The symptoms of intussusception in preterm infants...
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Small Bowel Necrosis Associated with Catastrophic Antiphospholipid Syndrome: A Case Report

Lee HA, Kim SE, Jung DW, Byeon JR, Choe AR, Tae CH, Moon CM, Jung HK, Shim KN, Jung SA

Catastrophic antiphospholipid syndrome is a highly fatal condition characterized by widespread thromboembolism subsequent to a triggering factor (e.g., infection, trauma, and neoplasia) in antiphospholipid antibody-positive patients. This paper reports a...
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Probiotics in the Prevention and Treatment of Necrotizing Enterocolitis

Seghesio E, Geyter CD, Vandenplas Y

Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is a disease with high morbidity and mortality that occurs mainly in premature born infants. The pathophysiologic mechanisms indicate that gastrointestinal dysbiosis is a major risk factor....
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Comparison of Clinical Characteristics According to the Existence of Secondary Appendicitis in Pediatric Acute Enterocolitis: A Single Center Study

Choi SY

Purpose: In patients with acute enterocolitis, radiologic findings are sometimes accompanied by secondary inflammation of the appendix. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical features of acute...
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Intussusception in Neonates: Clinical Characteristics of Eight Cases in a Single Center

Ahn Yg, Lim G, Hwang EH, Oh KW, Cho MJ

Purpose: Intussusception is the most common cause of bowel obstruction in children; however, it is rarely diagnosed in newborn infants. This study aimed to describe the clinical features of intussusception...
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Evidence for Differentiation of Colon Tissue Microbiota in Patients with and without Postoperative Hirschsprung's Associated Enterocolitis: A Pilot Study

Arbizu RA, Collins D, Wilson RC, Alekseyenko AV

Purpose: To investigate the differences in the colon microbiota composition of Hirschsprung's disease (HSCR) patients with and without a history of postoperative Hirschsprung's associated enterocolitis (HAEC). Methods: Colon tissue microbiota was...
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Food Protein-induced Enterocolitis Mimic king Necrotizing Enterocolitis in a Premature Infant: Case Report

Lee SY, Jo CK, Rha SH, Kim MJ

Food protein-induced enterocolitis (FPIES) is not well documented in newborns. Although FPIES is rare in premature infants, it may occasionally be confused with necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). This is particularly true...
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Differences in Outcomes According to the Time of Patent Ductus Arteriosus Closure in Preterm Infants

Han C, Jeon GW

Purpose: Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is associated with increased mortality and morbidities such as intraventricular hemorrhage, necrotizing enterocolitis, bronch opulmonary dysplasia, and neurodevelopmental impairment. The objective of this study was...
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Synbiotics use for preventing sepsis and necrotizing enterocolitis in very low birth weight neonates: a randomized controlled trial

Serce Pehlevan O, Benzer D, Gursoy T, Karatekin G, Ovali F

Background: Probiotics and prebiotics have strain-specific effects on the host. Synbiotics, a mixture of probiotics and prebiotics, are proposed to have more beneficial effects on the host than either agent...
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Clinical Characteristics of Campylobacter Enterocolitis in Korean Adults: A Retrospective Study at a Single Center

Yoo M, Chung SH, Park YS, Oh IH, Chae WY, Kim SH, Lee KY, Song CW, Son BK, Kim SH, Jo YK, Jung KH, Lee HY, Chae JD

Background/Aims: Although the diarrheal disease caused by Campylobacter bacteria has been continuously increasing in Korea, there has been limited study on the clinical aspects of Campylobacter enteritis in adults in...
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Usefulness of peritoneal drainage in extremely low birth weight infants with intestinal perforation: a single-center experience

Lee JY, Namgoong J, Kim SC, Kim DY

PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis and intestinal perforation are the most common surgical emergency in the neonatal intensive care unit. The purpose of this study is to evaluate if peritoneal drainage (PD)...
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Effect of red blood cell transfusion on short-term outcomes in very low birth weight infants

Lee EY, Kim SS, Park GY, Lee SH

Background: Red blood cell (RBC) transfusion improves cardiorespiratory status of preterm infants by increasing circulating hemoglobin, improving tissue oxygenation, and reducing cardiac output. However, RBC transfusion itself has also been...
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Necrotizing Enterocolitis Associated with Norovirus Infection in a Preterm Infant

Park HI, Yoon HS

In general, norovirus infection may cause epidemic acute gastroenteritis over all ages and may lead to self-limiting progression with typical clinical symptoms such as non-bloody diarrhea and vomiting. Premature infants diagnosed...
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Morbidity and Mortality of Very Low Birth Weight Infants with Congenital Heart Disease

Song WS, Kim CY, Lee BS, Kim EAR, Kim KS, Jung E

Background and Objectives: This study aimed to provide morbidity and mortality information on very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with congenital heart disease (CHD-VLBWs). Methods: The study used a 10-year cohort...
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Comparison of Acute Abdominal Surgical Outcomes of Extremely-Low-Birth-Weight Neonates according to Differential Diagnosis

Byun J, Kim HY, Jung SE, Yang HB, Kim EK, Shin SH, Kim HS

BACKGROUND: Improvements in perinatal intensive care have improved survival of extremely-low-birth-weight (ELBW) neonates, although the risk of acute abdomen has increased. The differential diagnosis resulting in abdominal surgery can be...
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The relation between serum levels of epidermal growth factor and necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm neonates

Ahmed HM, Kamel NM

PURPOSE: Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) is one of the most serious complications of prematurity. Many risk factors can contribute to the development of NEC. The epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a...
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Serious Necrotizing Enterocolitis in a Neonate Treated with Octreotide for Congenital Chylothorax

Jo MJ, Kim DH, Kim HS

The somatostatin analog octreotide has recently been introduced in the treatment of infants with chylothorax. The safety profile of octreotide has not been fully evaluated. Octreotide reduces the splanchnic blood...
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The Usefulness of the Evaluation of Gastric Residuals in Premature Infants

Lee KM, Choi SJ

PURPOSE: The routine evaluation of gastric residuals (RGR) is considered standard care for premature infants. This study evaluated the usefulness of RGR in premature infants. METHODS: The study retrospectively investigated 208...
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