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The Comparison of Emergency Medical Service Responses to and Outcomes of Out-of-hospital Cardiac Arrest before and during the COVID-19 Pandemic in an Area of Korea

Lim D, Park SY, Choi B, Kim SH, Ryu JH, Kim YH, Sung AJ, Bae BK, Kim HB

Background: Since the declaration of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, COVID-19 has affected the responses of emergency medical service (EMS) systems to cases of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). The...
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The Etiologies of Altered Level of Consciousness in the Emergency Department: Before versus after Coronavirus Disease-19

Kim DH, Jeon JC, Kim IC, Kim Y, Cho YW, Kim KT

Background: Altered level of consciousness (ALC) is a challenging condition in the emergency department (ED). We evaluated the clinical characteristics, causes, and prognosis of adult patients presenting with ALC at...
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Comparative Evaluation of Emergency Medical Service Trauma Patient Transportation Patterns Before and After Level 1 Regional Trauma Center Establishment: A Retrospective Single-Center Study

Lee HS, Sung WY, Lee JY, Lee WS, Seo SW

Purpose This study examined emergency medical service (EMS) transportation patterns for adult trauma patients before and after establishing a level 1 regional trauma center (RTC) and to evaluate the transportation...
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Association between the number of prehospital defibrillation attempts and neurologic outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients without on-scene return of spontaneous circulation

Choi S, Kim TH, Hong KJ, Jeong J, Ro YS, Song KJ, Shin SD

Objective Delivery of prehospital defibrillation for shockable rhythms by emergency medical service providers is crucial for successful resuscitation in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients. The optimal range of prehospital defibrillation...
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Chasing two hares with two hounds: a strategy for maintaining core functions of an acute care hospital amid COVID-19 crisis

Lee WJ

Amid the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) crisis, the core functions of an acute care hospital are to continuously provide essential clinical care services to patients from community at large. The...
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Characteristics and outcomes of public bath-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrests in South Korea

Yoo YJ, Kim GW, Lee CA, Park YJ, Lee KM, Cho JS, Jeong WJ, Choi HJ, Choi HJ, Heo NH, Moon HJ

Objective To analyze the differences in characteristics and outcomes between public bath (PB)- related and non-PB-related out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients in South Korea. Methods We performed a retrospective observational analysis...
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Impact of Regional Emergency Medical Access on Patients’ Prognosis and Emergency Medical Expenditure

Kim Y, Lee TJ

Background: The purpose of this study was to examine the impact of the regional characteristics on the accessibility of emergency care and the impact of emergency medical accessibility on the...
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A survey on the perception of emergency medical services (EMS) providers and medical directors toward EMS provider’s field skill proficiency

Lim D, Kim SC, Park SY, Rhu JH, Bae BK, Kim SH, Choi BH, Yang TW, Kim JE, Kang JH, Kim MH, Kim IM, Jo YH, Jeong BK, Park JK, Cha JJ

  • KMID: 2506067
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Aug;31(4):401-419.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the perception of emergency medical service (EMS) providers and medical directors toward the field skill proficiency of EMS providers. We further examined differences in...
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Predictors Affecting the Elderly’s Use of Emergency Medical Services

Park JM, Sohn A

Objectives Elderly adults are the demographic most likely to utilize emergency medical services (EMS). This study aimed to examine the difference in EMS utilization in subgroups of the elderly population by...
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Variability in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management on outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Oh YS, Ahn KO, Shin SD, Kagino K, Nishiuchi T, Ma M, Ko P, Ong MEH, Yng NY, Leong B

Objective To investigate variations in the effects of prehospital advanced airway management (AAM) on outcomes of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) patients according to regional emergency medical service (EMS) systems in...
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Future development of helicopter emergency medical services in Korea

Yeom SR, Kim OH, Lee KH

This paper discusses the future development of air ambulance operations in Korea. Helicopter emergency medical services are a useful means of transporting critically ill patients to the right hospital, at...
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Introduction and contemporary condition of helicopter emergency medical services in Korea

Cho JS, Yang HJ

As most medical facilities in Korea have been concentrated in large cities, the need to improve emergency medical services in islands and mountainous areas has emerged. Consequently, the Ministry of...
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Introduction and characteristics of helicopter emergency medical services

Choi HJ, Kim HI

Helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) are a part of air medical services. The transportation of patients using helicopters or airplanes is a core element of the air medical services. HEMS...
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The Suitability of the CdC field Triage for Korean Trauma Care

Choi KK, Jang MJ, Lee MA, Lee GJ, Yoo B, Park Y, Lee JN

Purpose Accurate and appropriate prehospital field triage is essential for a trauma system. The Korean trauma system (established in 2014) uses the trauma field triage algorithm of the United States Centers...
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Comparing the neurologic outcomes of patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest according to prehospital advanced airway management method and transport time interval

Kim S, Lee DE, Moon S, Ahn JY, Lee WK, Kim JK, Park J, Ryoo HW

Objective The incidences of prehospital advanced airway management by emergency medical technicians in South Korea are increasing; however, whether this procedure improves the survival outcomes of patients experiencing out-of-hospital cardiac...
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The pre-hospital analysis of intentional taking poison in Gangwon-do

Ahn WC, Cho JH, Moon JB, Park CW, Shin MC, Kim KE, Lee JY, Park YS, Hwang BS, Yang GE, Lee HY, Kim MS, Chun IK, Ohk TG

  • KMID: 2501772
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Feb;31(1):23-38.
Objective: This study examined the characteristics of the patients taking poison intentionally at the pre-hospital stage to prevent it at the community level. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the data that had...
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The individual and neighborhood factors associated with the use of emergency medical services in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction

Choi H, Cha WC, Jo IJ, Choi JH, Sim MS, Shin T

Objective The utilization of emergency medical services (EMS) varies widely among communities. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between the use of EMS by patients with ST-elevation...
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Experiences of disaster medical assistance activities in a fire accident at the Ramada Encore Hotel, Cheonan

Choi HJ, Cho HY

  • KMID: 2511373
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Dec;31(6):595-602.
Objective: This study examined the disaster medical assistance activities at the fire accident scenes at the Ramada Encore Hotel, Cheonan, on January 14, 2019. Methods: This study reviewed the disaster response...
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Analysis of the treatment-time reduction of ST elevation myocardial infarction patients transferred by helicopter-based emergency medical services in Korea

Kim HI, Cho HY, Choi HJ

  • KMID: 2511372
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Dec;31(6):586-594.
Objective: ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) requires timely reperfusion therapy, and the first medical contact (FMC) to percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) time within 120 minutes is recommended. Therefore, early recognition and...
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Role of risk-rescue rating scale and inflammatory biomarkers in determining the disposition of suicide attempters at the emergency department

Noh W, Kim H

  • KMID: 2511371
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Dec;31(6):576-585.
Objective: This study aimed to identify the utility of risk-rescue rating scale (RRRS), a psychological scale, and certain biomarkers in determining the disposition of patients visiting the emergency department (ED)...
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