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External validation and comparison of the Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network and Canadian Assessment of Tomography for Childhood Head Injury 2 clinical decision rules in children with minor blunt head trauma

Kwon BS, Song HJ, Lee JH

Objective Among the pediatric population with minor head trauma, it is difficult to determine an indication for the usage of brain computerized tomography (CT). Our study aims to compare the...
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Adverse events and preventive measures related to COVID-19 vaccines

Ahn TK, Kang S, Paik JH, Seo YH

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccines are categorized according to the manufacturing technique, including mRNA vaccines and adenovirus vector vaccines. According to previous studies, the reported efficacy of the COVID-19...
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Pediatric Sedation in the Emergency Department: Trends from a Nationwide Population-based Study in Korea, 2007–2018

Lee JY, Choi SJ, Park JS, Lee JS, Ryu JM, Yum MS

Background: Pediatric sedation in the emergency department (ED) is widely performed in Korea; thus exploring the trends of its use is necessary. This study aimed to investigate the characteristics of...
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Surge Capacity and Mass Casualty Incidents Preparedness of Emergency Departments in a Metropolitan City: a Regional Survey Study

Park S, Jeong J, Song KJ, Yoon YH, Oh J, Lee EJ, Hong KJ, Lee JH

Background: Emergency departments (EDs) generally receive many casualties in disaster or mass casualty incidents (MCI). Some studies have conceptually suggested the surge capacity that ED should have; however, only few...
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Identifying characteristics of frequent and highly frequent users of the emergency department: a retrospective cross-sectional observational study

Ahn BK, Cho S, Kim S, Lee TJ, Park J

  • KMID: 2517707
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Jun;32(3):263-272.
Objective: Since the characteristics of frequent emergency department (ED) users are heterogeneous, it is impossible to mitigate overcrowding of the ED without basic data of diagnoses and risk factors of...
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Emergency department utilization and risk factors for mortality in older patients: an analysis of Korean National Emergency Department Information System data

Kim S, Kang H, Cho Y, Lee H, Lee SW, Jeong J, Kim WY, Kim SJ, Han KS

Objective With trends in population aging an increasing number of older patients are visiting the emergency department (ED). This study aimed to identify the characteristics of ED utilization and risk...
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Dexmedetomidine as an adjunctive treatment for acute asthma

Motamed H, Forouzan A, Moezzi M, Alizadeh H

Objective This study aimed to compare the efficacy of using dexmedetomidine with salbutamol and salbutamol nebulization alone in patients with acute exacerbation of asthma presenting to the emergency department. Methods This...
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Using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging to Evaluate Patients with Chest Pain in the Emergency Department

Cavalier JS, Klem I

Chest pain is one of the most common presenting symptoms in the emergency department (ED). Among patients with abnormal troponins, it is imperative to quickly and accurately distinguish type 1...
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State and Improvement Policy of Psychiatric Emergency during COVID-19 Pandemic

Lee H

Under the the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, it is important to achieve two goals, protecting inpatients from infection and providing appropriate psychiatric treatment for psychiatric emergency patients, including those...
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Influence of Cultural competency and Intercultural Communication on Clinical competence of Emergency Unit Nurses Caring for Foreign Patients

Ryu YJ, Lee YM

Purpose : This study identified the factors affecting the clinical competence of emergency unit nurses caring for foreign patients. Methods : This study utilized a descriptive correlation design. Participants were 112...
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Critical emergency medicine and the resuscitative care unit

Mermiri M, Mavrovounis G, Chatzis D, Mpoutsikos I, Tsaroucha A, Dova M, Angelopoulou Z, Ragias D, Chalkias A, Pantazopoulos I

Critical emergency medicine is the medical field concerned with management of critically ill patients in the emergency department (ED). Increased ED stay due to intensive care unit (ICU) overcrowding has...
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Changes in Clinical Characteristics among Febrile Patients Visiting the Emergency Department before and after the COVID-19 Outbreak

Lee SJ, Choi A, Ryoo HW, Pak YS, Kim HC, Kim JH

Purpose: Considering the risk of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) transmission through infected droplets, emergency department (ED) operations in response to febrile patients should be planned. We investigated the general and clinical...
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Facilitators and Barriers of the Triage Process based on Emergency Nurses’ Experience with the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale: A Qualitative Content Analysis

Moon SH, Jeon MK, Ju D

Purpose Since 2016, the Korean Triage and Acuity Scale (KTAS) algorithm has been applied to the triage process in the emergency departments (EDs) of Korea. This study aimed to investigate the...
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Predicting 30-day mortality of patients with pneumonia in an emergency department setting using machine-learning models

Kang SY, Cha WC, Yoo J, Kim T, Park JH, Yoon H, Hwang SY, Sim MS, Jo IJ, Shin TG

Objective This study aimed to confirm the accuracy of a machine-learning-based model in predicting the 30-day mortality of patients with pneumonia and evaluating whether they were required to be admitted...
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The impact of emergency department expansion on crowding and patient flow

Yoon H, Lee HS, Park JM, Kim JH, Lee JH, Park IC, Chung SP, Kim MJ

  • KMID: 2506068
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2020 Aug;31(4):420-429.
Objective: Overcrowding in the emergency department (ED) has been a long-standing global problem, but has yet to be resolved. This study was undertaken to investigate whether expansion of the ED...
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Factors Associated with Mortality of Older Adults Hospitalized via Emergency Departments in Korea

Lim J, Lee J

Purpose: As the rate of older people visiting Emergency Departments (EDs) increases, nurses are responsible for identifying patients at risk of poor outcomes and providing preventive interventions. The aim of...
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Comparison of traumatic brain injury patients with brain computed tomography in the emergency department by age group

Huh KR, Kim JY, Choi SH, Yoon YH, Park SJ, Lee ES

Objective Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is an important public health concern due to its high prevalence and mortality rate among young people. We investigated the clinical and social characteristics of...
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External validation of the modified HOPPE score to predict low risk pulmonary embolism suitable for early discharge

Patel K, Klim S, Ritchie P, Johns I, Kelly AM

Objective Recently, a novel score for risk stratification of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE)—the HOPPE score—was derived. We aimed to externally validate the HOPPE score in emergency department-diagnosed PE, using...
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Utilization characteristics of an advanced pediatric emergency center: a single center study over 2 years

Shin S, Choi H, Choi B

Purpose: Advanced pediatric emergency centers play an important role in professional treatment of children. We analyzed the characteristics of children who visited an advanced pediatric emergency center. Methods: The study enrolled...
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Factors Associated with Triage Modifications Using Vital Signs in Pediatric Triage: a NationwideCross-Sectional Study in Korea

Lee B, Chang I, Kim DK, Park JD, Korean Society of Pediatric Emergency Medicine

Background: Previous studies on inter-rater reliability of pediatric triage systems have compared triage levels classified by two or more triage providers using the same information about individual patients. This overlooks...
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