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Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion for Hirayama Disease: a Case Report and Literature Review

Kuo YH, Kuo CH, Huang WC, Wu JC

Hirayama disease, a juvenile muscular atrophy of the distal upper extremity, is a rare form of cervical flexion myelopathy characterized by insidiously progressive weakness of the hands and forearm muscles...
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Comparing Allografts to Autografts for Maintenance of Cervical Sagittal Parameters and Clinical Outcomes Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Anterior Cervical Plating

Heidt ST, Louie PK, Khan JM, Basques BA, Hirsch B, Varthi A, Paul JC, Goldberg E, An HS

OBJECTIVE: Current literature has not shown if using either allograft or autograft differentially affects postoperative cervical sagittal parameters. The goal of this study was to compare sagittal alignment and patient-reported...
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Swallowing Function Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with and Without Anterior Plating: a SWAL-QOL (Swallowing-Quality of Life) and Radiographic Assessment

Haws BE, Khechen B, Patel DV, Yoo JS, Guntin JA, Cardinal K, Singh K

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical plating in anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) procedures are associated with improved outcomes compared to stand-alone cages. However, concerns exist regarding increased rates of postoperative dysphagia...
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Comparison of Adjacent Segment Degeneration, Cervical Alignment, and Clinical Outcomes after One- and Multilevel Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Shin JJ

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the influence of a fused segment on cervical range of motion (ROM) and adjacent segmental kinematics and determine whether increasing number of fusion levels...
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Risk Factors of Secondary Lumbar Discectomy of a Herniated Lumbar Disc after Lumbar Discectomy

Beack JY, Chun HJ, Bak KH, Choi KS, Bae IS, Kim KD

OBJECTIVE: To study risk factors of secondary lumbar discectomy (LD) for recurrent herniated lumbar disc (HLD) and identify methods to lower the rate of recurrence. METHODS: Data from 160 patients who...
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Risk Factors of Allogenous Bone Graft Collapse in Two-Level Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Woo JB, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Lee SW, Song GS

OBJECTIVE: Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is commonly used surgical procedure for cervical degenerative disease. Among the various intervertebral spacers, the use of allografts is increasing due to its...
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Evaluation of Dimensions of Kambin’s Triangle to Calculate Maximum Permissible Cannula Diameter for Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy: A 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Based Study

Pairaiturkar PP, Sudame OS, Pophale CS

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate 3-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of Kambin’s safe zone to calculate maximum cannula diameter permissible for safe percutaneous endoscopic lumbar discectomy. METHODS: Fifty 3D MRIs of 19 males...
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Use of an Epidural Steroid Sponge for Postoperative Pain Control in Lumbar Discectomy

Kim TK, Yu HK, Oh SK, Kim YM, Shim DM

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to evaluate the effects of using an epidural steroid sponge for postoperative pain control in lumbar discectomy. SUMMARY OF LITERATURE REVIEW: There are...
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Comparison of Cortical Ring Allograft and Plate Fixation with Autologous Iliac Bone Graft for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Lee JC, Jang HD, Ahn J, Choi SW, Kang D, Shin BJ

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To compare the clinical and radiological outcomes of patients who underwent anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) supplemented with plate fixation using allograft with...
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Percutaneous Endoscopic Thoracic Discectomy in the Upper and Midthoracic Spine: A Technical Note

Bae J, Chachan S, Shin SH, Lee SH

Despite the successful application of percutaneous endoscopic thoracic discectomy (PETD), its technical feasibility and outcomes for symptomatic upper and midthoracic disc herniation have not been reported yet. The purpose of...
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Does Preservation of Ligamentum Flavum in Percutaneous Endoscopic Lumbar Interlaminar Discectomy Improve Clinical Outcomes?

Lee U, Kim CH, Kuo CC, Choi Y, Park SB, Yang SH, Lee CH, Kim KT, Chung CK

OBJECTIVE: Ligamentum flavum (LF) is an important anatomical structure for prevention of postoperative adhesions, but the opening of LF is necessary for percutaneous endoscopic lumbar interlaminar discectomy (PEID). Although the...
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The Role of Full-Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy in Surgical Treatment of Recurrent Lumbar Disc Herniation: A Health-Related Quality of Life Approach

Kapetanakis S, Gkantsinikoudis N, Charitoudis G

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the utility of full-endoscopic lumbar discectomy (FELD) in surgical treatment of recurrent lumbar disc herniation (RLDH). METHODS: Forty-five patients were prospectively studied. All patients were subjected to FELD...
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A Survey on the Short-term Outcome of Microlumbar Discectomy with General versus Spinal Anesthesia

Dashtbani , Dori MM, Hassani M, Omidi-Kashani F

BACKGROUND: Surgery on the lower thoracic and lumbosacral spine is possible with both general and spinal anesthesia, but most spine surgeons are reluctant to perform the surgery with spinal anesthesia....
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Efficacy of a Novel Annular Closure Device after Lumbar Discectomy in Korean Patients: A 24-Month Follow-Up of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Cho PG, Shin DA, Park SH, Ji GY

OBJECTIVE: Lumbar discectomy is an effective treatment for lumbar disc herniation (LDH); however, up to 2–18% of patients with LDH have experienced recurrent disc herniation. The purpose of this study...
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Functional Outcome after Endoscopic Lumbar Discectomy by Destandau's Technique: A Prospective Study of 614 Patients

Dey PC, Nanda SN

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy of the lumbar discectomy procedure using the Destandau Endospine System by assessing the functional outcome and complication rate in 614 patients. OVERVIEW OF...
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Feasibility and Safety of Outpatient Lumbar Microscopic Discectomy in a Developing Country

Jaiswal A, Kumar S, Reddy S, Jaiswal P

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. PURPOSE: To verify the feasibility and safety of outpatient microscopic lumbar discectomy (MLD) in a developing country. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Outpatient MLD is advantageous in terms of cost...
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Diagnosing Pseudoarthrosis After Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Lin W, Ha A, Boddapati , Yuan W, Riew KD

Radiographic confirmation of fusion after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) surgery is a critical aspect of determining surgical success. However, there is a lack of established diagnostic radiographic parameters...
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Can the Zero-Profile Implant Be Used for Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion in Traumatic Subaxial Disc Injury? A Preliminary, Retrospective Study

Kim TH, Kim DH, Kim KH, Kwak YS, Kwak SG, Choi MK

OBJECTIVE: The zero-profile implant (Zero-P) is accepted for use in anterior cervical fusion for the treatment of degenerative cervical disease. However, evidence pertaining to its efficiency and safety in traumatic...
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Correlation between Short-Form 36 Scores and Neck Disability Index in Patients Undergoing Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion

Ko S, Choi W, Chae S, Kwon J, Lee Y

STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. PURPOSE: To determine how the Neck Disability Index (NDI), a cervical spine-specific outcome, reflects health-related quality-of-life, and if NDI is correlated to the 36-item Short-Form Health...
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Effect of Steroid-Soaked Gelatin Sponge on Soft Tissue Swelling Following Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion: A Radiographic Analysis

Schroeder , Weinstein , Salzmann S, Kueper J, Shue J, Sama AA, Girardi FP

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective radiological review and analysis of 79 patients who underwent primary anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) of 2 or 3 levels between 2011 and 2013. PURPOSE: This study...
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