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Radiological Changes in Adjacent and Index Levels after Cervical Disc Arthroplasty

Shin JJ, Kim KR, Son DW, Shin DA, Yi S, Kim KN, Yoon DH, Ha Y

Purpose: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate radiological and clinical outcomes in patients undergoing cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) for cervical degenerative disc disease. The results may assist...
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Endovascular Repair of an Ilio-Iliac Arteriovenous Fistula with Pseudoaneurysm after Lumbar Disc Surgery: A Case Report

Kim C, Hwang D, Yun WS

Aortoiliac vascular injury during lumbar disc surgery is potentially life-threatening, but occasionally presents with delayed-onset symptoms. This is a case report of a fistulized pseudoaneurysm presenting with claudication. A 73-year-old...
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The Association Between Sagittal Plane Alignment and Disc Space Narrowing of Lumbar Spine in Farmers

Park KH, Baek S, Kang EK, Park Hw, Kim G, Kim SH

Objective To investigate whether lumbar lordosis (LL) and lumbar segmental lordosis (LSL) are related to sex, age, low back pain (LBP), and lumbar disc space narrowing (DSN). Methods A total of...
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Current Concepts of Degenerative Disc Disease -A Significance of Endplate-

Soh J, Jang HD, Shin BJ

Degenerative disc disease has traditionally been thought of as low back pain caused by changes in the nucleus pulposus and annulus fibrous, in recent studies, however, changes in the upper...
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Hypoxia Regulates the Extracellular Matrix via Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinases Pathway in Cells Retrieved from the Human Intervertebral Disc

Kang YM, Shin EJ, Lee BH, Yang JH, Lee HM, Moon SH

Purpose: The present study aimed to identify the physiological characteristics of cells by investigating the change in gene expression and protein levels during extracellular matrix (ECM) synthesis in the intervertebral...
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Development of a Unique Mouse Intervertebral Disc Degeneration Model Using a Simple Novel Tool

Baldia M, Mani S, Walter N, Kumar S, Srivastava A, Prabhu K

Study Design: Animal case control study. Purpose: To create a simple, reproducible disc degeneration model for mouse coccygeal vertebrae. Overview of Literature: Back pain due to disc degeneration is probably the...
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Conjoint Nerve Root an Intraoperative Challenge in Minimally Invasive Tubular Discectomy

Sharma A, Singh V, Agrawal R, Mangale N, Deepak P, Savla J, Jaiswal A

Conjoint nerve root (CNR) is an embryological nerve root anomaly that mainly involves the lumbosacral region. The presence of CNR during tubular discectomy raises the chances of failure in spinal...
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The Relationship between Neural Foraminal Stenosis and Imaging Features of Lumbar Spine MRI in Patients Older Than 60 Years with Lumbar Radiculopathy

Lee K, Jeong HS, Park C, Kim M, Ryu H, Roh J, Yeom JA, Kim JH, Kim TU, Jeon CH

Purpose To investigate the MRI features associated with neural foraminal stenosis (NFS) in patients older than 60 years with lumbar (L) radiculopathy. Materials and Methods This study included 133 retrospectively selected...
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The role of percutaneous neurolysis in lumbar disc herniation: systematic review and meta-analysis

Manchikanti L, Knezevic E, Knezevic NN, Sanapati MR, Kaye AD, Thota S, Hirsch JA

Background: Recalcitrant disc herniation may result in chronic lumbar radiculopathy or sciatica. Fluoroscopically directed epidural injections and other conservative modalities may provide inadequate improvement in some patients. In these cases,...
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Factors Predicting the Clinical Outcome After Trans-sacral Epiduroscopic Laser Decompression for Lumbar Disc Herniation

Yoo BR, Son S, Lee SG, Kim WK, Jung JM

Objective: Previous literatures have demonstrated widely variable clinical results after transsacral epiduroscopic laser decompression (SELD) and the factors predicting outcomes are not yet established. Therefore, we analyzed the clinical outcome...
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Overview and Spinal Implications of Leg Length Discrepancy: Narrative Review

Applebaum A, Nessim A, Cho W

Leg length discrepancy (LLD) is an underrecognized and prevalent condition among the U.S. population, with effects varying depending on the cause and size of the discrepancy. LLD occurs when the...
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A Comparison Study of Four Cervical Disk Arthroplasty Devices Using Finite Element Models

Purushothaman Y, Choi H, Yoganandan N, Jebaseelan D, Baisden J, Kurpad S

Study Design: The study examined and compared four artificial cervical disks using validated finite element models. Purpose: To compare and contrast the biomechanical behavior of four artificial cervical disks by determining...
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Stand-Alone Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion Using an Additive Manufactured Individualized Bioactive Porous Titanium Implant without Bone Graft: Results of a Prospective Clinical Trial

Fujibayashi S, Takemoto M, Nakamura T, Matsushita T, Kokubo T, Sasaki K, Mori S, Matsuda S

The purpose of this study was to introduce our patient-specific bioactive porous titanium implant manufactured using selective laser melting (SLM) and to establish the efficacy and safety of the implant...
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Learning Curve and Complications Experience of Oblique Lateral Interbody Fusion : A Single-Center 143 Consecutive Cases

Oh BK, Son DW, Lee SH, Lee JS, Sung SK, Lee SW, Song GS

Objective : Oblique lateral interbody fusion (OLIF) is becoming the preferred treatment for degenerative lumbar diseases. As beginners, we performed 143 surgeries over 19 months. In these consecutive cases, we...
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Posterior Approach in C2–3 Disc Herniation: C1 Laminectomy, C2–3 Laminoplasty and Posterior Fixation in C2–3 Disc Herniation

Kim S, Hwang SH, Cho BK, Yoon SH, Yoon J

C2–3 disc herniation is rare and a definitive treatment of choice has not been established. The purpose of this case report is to suggest posterior approach as one of the best...
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Clinical features of strabismus in patients with congenital optic disc anomaly

Jeon H, Jo Y, Choi Hy

Purpose: To investigate the clinical features of strabismus in patients with congenital optic disc anomaly and compare and analyze the characteristics of patients who showed changes in the strabismus pattern...
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The Anti-Inflammatory and Cytoprotective Efficiency of Curvularin, a Fungal Macrolactone against Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Response in Nucleus Pulposus Cells: An In Vitro Study

Banala RR, Vemuri SK, EV S, AV GR, GPV S

Study Design: Developing an in vitro model for assessing the anti-inflammatory properties of curvularin. Purpose: To evaluate the efficacy of natural fungal macrolactone as a therapeutic drug against lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced inflammation...
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Role of Gender in Improvement of Depressive Symptoms Among Patients Undergoing Cervical Spine Procedures

Cha ED, Lynch CP, Parrish JM, Jenkins NW, Geoghegan CE, Jadczak CN, Mohan S, Singh K

Objective: There is a scarcity of research evaluating gender differences in depressive symptoms among patients undergoing cervical surgery. This study investigated gender differences with regard to depressive symptom severity, measured...
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Revision Surgeries at the Index Level After Cervical Disc Arthroplasty – A Systematic Review

Joaquim AF, Lee NJ, Riew KD

Objective: To perform a systematic literature review on revision surgeries at the index level after cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA) failure. Methods: A systematic literature review was performed according to the PRISMA...
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Epidemiology of senile spinal diseases: a study based on the Health Insurance Review & Assessment Service database

Noh SH

According to the Statistics Korea in 2020, the elderly population aged 65 or older accounted for 15.7% of the total population, and by 2025 it will reach 20.3%, which will...
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