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Level of happiness and its association with food literacy among Seoul citizens: results from Seoul Food Survey 2021

Yoo H, Jo E, Lee H, Ko E, Jang E, Sim J, Park S

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Happiness is an important factor in life, and food literacy (FL) has been emphasized as a core concept for a happy and healthy life. This study examined the level...
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Association of daily carbohydrate intake with intermuscular adipose tissue in Korean individuals with obesity: a cross-sectional study

Choi HN, Kim YS, Yim JE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of obesity, a worldwide pandemic, has been increasing steadily in Korea. Reports have shown that increased intermuscular adipose tissue (IMAT) is associated with an increased risk of...
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Association Between Instant Coffee Consumption and the Development of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Results From a Community-Based Prospective Cohort

Shin MK, Kim KN

Background: A poor diet is a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The interaction between dietary factors and cigarette smoking in the development of COPD is unclear. We investigated...
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Changes in Adolescent Health Behavior and the Exacerbation of Economic Hardship During the COVID-19 Pandemic: A Cross-sectional Study From the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Survey

Kim C, Lee H, Jung-Choi K, Park H

Objectives: This study investigated the association between exacerbated economic hardship during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic and changes in the health behaviors of Korean adolescents. Methods: We analyzed data from...
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Process evaluation of a mobile healthcare program among employees with overweight and obesity: a 12-week intervention study investigating the role of engagement

Son I, Hong J, Han YH, Gong BJ, Zhang MY, Na W, Sohn C, Hyun T

Objectives: A mobile health intervention program was provided for employees with overweight and obesity for 12...
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Association between Chronic Obsructive Pulmonary Disease and Dietary Inflammatory Index in Korean Men Over 40s-based on the 2016-2019 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Kim JA, Lee SY

Background: This study aimed to explore the association between chronic obsructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and dietary inflammatory index (DII) in Korean male adults. Methods: The subjects consisted of 4,267 Korean male...
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Association between the Korean Healthy Eating Index and Serum Vitamin D Level in Korean Adults: 2013–2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Choi SY, Kwon YJ, Lee JW

Background: Vitamin D is a key molecular regulator of calcium and phosphate metabolism. Numerous reports have suggested a substantial association between serum vitamin D levels and various chronic diseases. However,...
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Nutritional Strategies for Patients With Upper Gastrointestinal Cancers

Kim SH

Patients with upper gastrointestinal tract cancers frequently develop severe malnutrition during treatment. Optimal nutritional management is imperative to enhance the efficacy of both chemotherapeutic and surgical interventions. In this article,...
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Perception to the dietary guidelines for Koreans among Korean adults based on sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle

Yoon Y, Kim SH, Joung H, Ahn S

Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the perceptions of the dietary guidelines for Koreans (DGK) among Korean adults based on sociodemographic and lifestyle factors. Methods: A total of 514 Korean adults...
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Partial Deletion of Perk Improved High-Fat Diet-Induced Glucose Intolerance in Mice

Lee J, Kim MJ, Moon S, Lim JY, Park KS, Jung HS

Although pancreatic endoplasmic reticulum kinase (PERK) is indispensable to beta cells, low-dose PERK inhibitor improved glucose- stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) and hyperglycemia in diabetic mice. Current study examined if partial...
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Maternal betaine supplementation ameliorates fatty liver disease in offspring mice by inhibiting hepatic NLRP3 inflammasome activation

Li L, Sun L, Liang X, Ou Q, Tan X, Li F, Lai Z, Ding C, Chen H, Yu X, Wu Q, Wei J, Wu F, Wang L

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Previous research has shown maternal betaine supplementation alleviates fetal-derived hepatic steatosis. Therefore, this study examined the anti-inflammatory effect of maternal betaine intake in offspring mice and its mechanism. MATERIALS/METHODS: Female...
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Food sources of zinc and nutritional status with usual dietary zinc intake in Korean toddlers and preschool children

Song S, Shim JE

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the food sources of zinc and the usual intake of dietary zinc among Korean toddlers and preschool children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: A total of 2,679 children aged...
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Food Habits and Dietary Quality by the Presence of Perceived Major Chronic Disease among Male Manufacturing Company Workers in Their 40s

Han EJ, Kim MH

This study aimed to investigate the association between awareness of having a chronic disease with food habits and dietary quality among 320 male manufacturing workers in their 40s. Participants were...
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Examining Nutritional and Dietary Risk Factors Across Weight Classes in Elementary School Students using Busan Office of Nutrition Education Center's Dietary Diagnosis System

Song J, Han Y, Lee KA

This study was undertaken to analyze the growth, nutritional, and dietary risk factors of elementary school students belonging to the Busan Metropolitan City Office of Education and provide the basic...
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Differences in Growth and Dietary and Nutrient Intake Patterns by Breastfeeding Status Over One Year Among Korean Children Aged 24–35 Months

Sohn JA, Chang JY, Oh S, Hong J

Background: A previous national study found that Korean children who were breastfed for at least one year had lesser weight gain, lower protein, calcium, and iron intake relative to calories,...
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Clinical and Lifestyle Determinants of Continuous Glucose Monitoring Metrics in Insulin-Treated Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Lee DY, Kim N, Jung I, Park SY, Yu JH, Seo JA, Kim J, Kim KJ, Kim NH, Yoo HJ, Kim SG, Choi KM, Baik SH, Park SM, Kim NH

Background: There was limited evidence to evaluate the association between lifestyle habits and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) metrics. Thus, we aimed to depict the behavioral and metabolic determinants of CGM...
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Spot Hydrogen Breath Test for Predicting Response to Low Fermentable Oligo-, Di-, Mono-saccharides, and Polyols Dietary Advice in Patients With Bloating

Somvanapanich P, Pitisuttithum P, Sirimongkolkasem J, Rattanachaisit P, Jangsirikul S, Patcharatrakul T, Gonlachanvit S

  • KMID: 2546975
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2023 Oct;29(4):513-519.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm22214
Background/Aims An increase in postprandial intestinal gas plays a role in bloating symptoms. We aim to study the utility of spot breath hydrogen (H 2 ) level in predicting the response...
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Evaluation of dietary quality using elderly nutrition quotient depending on the consumption of healthy functional foods

Lee J, Hwang HJ, Kim HY, Lee JS

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine whether the dietary quality of food consumed by the elderly is influenced by the consumption of healthy functional foods using Nutrition...
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Mentha canadensis attenuates adiposity and hepatic steatosis in high-fat diet-induced obese mice

Han Y, Choi JY, Kwon EY

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Obesity is a major risk factor for metabolic syndrome, a global public health problem. Mentha canadensis (MA), a traditional phytomedicine and dietary herb used for centuries, was the focus...
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Gender differences in the association between food costs and obesity in Korean adults: an analysis of a population-based cohort

Park S, Kim J

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Prior studies, mostly conducted in Western countries, have suggested that the low cost of energy-dense foods is associated with an increased risk of obesity. This study aimed to investigate...
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