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Heat shock protein 70 increases cell proliferation, neuroblast differentiation, and the phosphorylation of CREB in the hippocampus

Kwon HJ, Kim W, Jung HY, Kang MS, Kim JW, Hahn KR, Yoo DY, Yoon YS, Hwang IK, Kim DW

In the present study, we investigated the effects of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) on novel object recognition, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation in the hippocampus. To facilitate penetration into...
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Berberine Ameliorates Brain Inflammation in Poloxamer 407-Induced Hyperlipidemic Rats

Kim M, Kim TW, Kim CJ, Shin MS, Hong M, Park HS, Park SS

PURPOSE: Hyperlipidemia, which promotes the development of atherosclerosis, ischemic stroke, and other forms of brain injury, can be induced by poloxamer-407. Berberine is a primary pharmacological active component of Coptidis...
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Downregulation of SIRT2 by Chronic Stress Reduces Expression of Synaptic Plasticity-related Genes through the Upregulation of Ehmt2

Wang SE, Ko SY, Jo S, Jo HR, Han J, Kim YS, Son H

Silent information regulator 2 (Sirtuin2 / SIRT2) is a NAD⁺-dependent deacetylase that regulates the cellular oxidative stress response. It modulates transcriptional silencing and protein stability through deacetylation of target proteins...
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Effects of Chronic and Acute Lithium Treatment on the Long-term Potentiation and Spatial Memory in Adult Rats

Yousef M, Kavraal Å, Artış AS, Süer C

OBJECTIVE: Although, accumulating evidence is delineating a neuroprotective and neurotrophic role for lithium (Li), inconsistent findings have also been reported in human studies especially. Moreover, the effects of Li infusion...
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Bacopa monnieri extract improves novel object recognition, cell proliferation, neuroblast differentiation, brain-derived neurotrophic factor, and phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein in the dentate gyrus

Kwon HJ, Jung HY, Hahn KR, Kim W, Kim JW, Yoo DY, Yoon YS, Hwang IK, Kim DW

Bacopa monnieri is a medicinal plant with a long history of use in Ayurveda, especially in the treatment of poor memory and cognitive deficits. In the present study, we hypothesized...
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Repeated restraint stress promotes hippocampal neuronal cell ciliogenesis and proliferation in mice

Lee K, Ko HW

Stress severely disturbs physiological and mental homeostasis which includes adult neurogenesis in hippocampus. Neurogenesis in hippocampus is a key feature to adapt to environmental changes and highly regulated by multiple...
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Changes of myelin basic protein in the hippocampus of an animal model of type 2 diabetes

Nam SM, Kwon HJ, Kim W, Kim JW, Hahn KR, Jung HY, Kim DW, Yoo DY, Seong JK, Hwang IK, Yoon YS

In this study, we observed chronological changes in the immunoreactivity and expression level of myelin basic protein (MBP), one of the most abundant proteins in the central nervous system, in...
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Astrocyte Specificity and Coverage of hGFAP-CreERT2 [Tg(GFAP-Cre/ERT2)13Kdmc] Mouse Line in Various Brain Regions

Park YM, Chun H, Shin JI, Lee CJ

Astrocyte is the most abundant cell type in the central nervous system and its importance has been increasingly recognized in the brain pathophysiology. To study in vivo function of astrocyte,...
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BubR1 Insufficiency Impairs Affective Behavior and Memory Function in Mice

Cho CH, Yang Z, Yoo KH, Oliveros A, Jang MH

PURPOSE: Although aging causes functional declines in cognition, the molecular mechanism underlying these declines remains largely unknown. Recently, the spindle checkpoint kinase budding uninhibited by benzimidazole-related 1 (BubR1) has emerged...
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Morin Prevents Granule Cell Dispersion and Neurotoxicity via Suppression of mTORC1 in a Kainic Acid-induced Seizure Model

Lee JM, Hong J, Moon GJ, Jung UJ, Won SY, Kim SR

An abnormal reorganization of the dentate gyrus and neurotoxic events are important phenotypes in the hippocampus of patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). The effects of morin, a bioflavonoid constituent...
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Effects of α-asarone on Proliferation and Differentiation of Neural Progenitor Cells

Lee HJ, Choi BT

This study investigated whether α-asarone could promote proliferation and differentiation of neural progenitor cells into the neuronal cell types in in vitro and ex vivo studies. For in vitro assay, neural...
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Decrease in glucose transporter 1 levels and translocation of glucose transporter 3 in the dentate gyrus of C57BL/6 mice and gerbils with aging

Lee KY, Yoo DY, Jung HY, Baek L, Lee H, Kwon HJ, Chung JY, Kang SH, Kim DW, Hwang IK, Choi JH

In the present study, we compared the cell-specific expression and changes protein levels in the glucose transporters (GLUTs) 1 and 3, the major GLUTs in the mouse and gerbil brains...
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Toll-like receptor 2 promotes neurogenesis from the dentate gyrus after photothrombotic cerebral ischemia in mice

Seong KJ, Kim HJ, Cai B, Kook MS, Jung JY, Kim WJ

The subgranular zone (SGZ) of hippocampal dentate gyrus (HDG) is a primary site of adult neurogenesis. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), are involved in neural system development of Drosophila and innate immune...
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Hypoxic Brain Injury with Bilateral Dentate Gyrus Involvement

Kang HG, Park SK, Ryu HU

No abstract available.
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Developmental changes in GABAA tonic inhibition are compromised by multiple mechanisms in preadolescent dentate gyrus granule cells

Pandit S, Lee GS, Park JB

The sustained tonic currents (I(tonic)) generated by γ-aminobutyric acid A receptors (GABA(A)Rs) are implicated in diverse age-dependent brain functions. While various mechanisms regulating I(tonic) in the hippocampus are known, their...
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Beneficial Effects of Silibinin Against Kainic Acid-induced Neurotoxicity in the Hippocampus in vivo

Kim S, Jung UJ, Oh YS, Jeon MT, Kim HJ, Shin WH, Hong J, Kim SR

Silibinin, an active constituent of silymarin extracted from milk thistle, has been previously reported to confer protection to the adult brain against neurodegeneration. However, its effects against epileptic seizures have...
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Vanillin and 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol attenuate cognitive impairment and the reduction of cell proliferation and neuroblast differentiation in the dentate gyrus in a mouse model of scopolamine-induced amnesia

Kim YH, Park JH

4-Hydroxy-3-methoxybenzaldehyde (vanillin) and 4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol (4-HBA) are natural phenolic compounds, which present in many plants and have diverse biological properties. In this study, we examined effects of vanillin and 4-HBA...
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Neuronal maturation in the hippocampal dentate gyrus via chronic oral administration of Artemisa annua extract is independent of cyclooxygenase 2 signaling pathway in diet-induced obesity mouse model

Baek HK, Kim PS, Song JA, Choi DH, Kim DE, Oh SI, Park SK, Kim SJ, Song KD, Hwang IK, Seo HS, Yi SS

Recently, we reported that Artemisia annua (AA) has anti-adipogenic properties in vitro and in vivo. Reduction of adipogenesis by AA treatment may dampen systemic inflammation and protect neurons from cytokine-induced...
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Immunohistochemical Localization of Translationally Controlled Tumor Protein in Axon Terminals of Mouse Hippocampal Neurons

Bae SY, Sheverdin , Maeng J, Lyoo IK, Han PL, Lee K

Translationally controlled tumor protein (TCTP) is a cytosolic protein with microtubule stabilization and calcium-binding activities. TCTP is expressed in most organs including the nervous system. However, detailed distribution and functional...
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Sirtuin-2 inhibition affects hippocampal functions and sodium butyrate ameliorates the reduction in novel object memory, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation

Jung HY, Yoo DY, Kim JW, Kim DW, Choi JH, Chung JY, Won MH, Yoon YS, Hwang IK

We investigated the effects of the sirtuin-2 (SIRT2) inhibitor AK-7 on novel object memory, cell proliferation, and neuroblast differentiation in the dentate gyrus. In addition, we also observed the relationships...
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