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An Alternative Dendritic Cell-Induced Murine Model of Asthma Exhibiting a Robust Th2/Th17-Skewed Response

Park SC, Kim H, Bak Y, Shim D, Kwon KW, Kim CH, Yoon JH, Shin SJ

PURPOSE: Simple and reliable animal models of human diseases contribute to the understanding of disease pathogenesis as well as the development of therapeutic interventions. Although several murine models to mimic...
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Role of IL-17A in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyp

Ryu G, Bae JS, Kim JH, Kim EH, Lyu L, Chung YJ, Mo JH

PURPOSE: Th17-associated inflammation is increased in chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyp (CRSwNP), and is associated with disease severity and steroid resistance. Overexpressed interleukin (IL)-17A affects CRSwNP by tissue remodeling, eosinophilic...
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Relationship of Microbial Profile With Airway Immune Response in Eosinophilic or Neutrophilic Inflammation of Asthmatics

Son JH, Kim JH, Chang HS, Park JS, Park CS

PURPOSE: Different characteristics of airway microbiome in asthmatics may lead to differential immune responses, which in turn cause eosinophilic or neutrophilic airway inflammation. However, the relationships among these factors have...
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Innate Lymphoid Cells in the Airways: Their Functions and Regulators

Orimo K, Saito H, Matsumoto , Morita H

Since the airways are constantly exposed to various pathogens and foreign antigens, various kinds of cells in the airways—including structural cells and immune cells—interact to form a precise defense system...
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Effect of saccharin on inflammation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes and the related mechanism

Kim HL, Ha AW, Kim WK

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Excessive intake of simple sugars induces obesity and increases the risk of inflammation. Thus, interest in alternative sweeteners as a sugar substitute is increasing. The purpose of this study...
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Lovastatin derivative dehydrolovastatin ameliorates ulcerative colitis in mice by suppressing NF-κB and inflammatory cytokine expression

Zhang X, Deng QH, Deng JH, Wang SJ, Chen Q

Ulcerative colitis (UC) is associated with intestinal immune imbalance and inflammatory response. Because dehydrolovastatin (DLVT), a derivative of lovastatin, has been recently shown to inhibit inflammation and relieve immune arthritis...
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Primary Nasal Epithelial Cells From Allergic and Non-allergic Individuals Show Comparable Barrier Function

Waltl EE, Stanek V, Mueller CA, Kiss R, Eckl-Dorna J, Valenta R, Niederberger V

Previous reports suggested that ex vivo cultured primary nasal epithelial cells from allergic patients differ from those from non-allergic individuals by genuinely reduced barrier function. By contrast, we found that...
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Epithelial PI3K-δ Promotes House Dust Mite-Induced Allergic Asthma in NLRP3 Inflammasome-Dependent and -Independent Manners

Kim SR, Park HJ, Lee KB, Kim HJ, Jeong JS, Cho SH, Lee YC

PURPOSE: Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)-δ-dependent Akt activation is known to play critical roles in various immune responses of white blood cells in which PI3K-δ isoform is mostly expressed in contrast to...
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Heterogeneity of Human γδ T Cells and Their Role in Cancer Immunity

Lee HW, Chung YS, Kim TJ

The γδ T cells are unconventional lymphocytes that function in both innate and adaptive immune responses against various intracellular and infectious stresses. The γδ T cells can be exploited as...
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Increased Expression of Interleukin-12 in Lesional Skin of Atopic Dermatitis Patients with Psoriasiform Features on Histopathology: An Immunohistochemical Study

Lim HJ, Han MH, Lee EH, Eun DH, Kim JY, Lee WJ, Lee SJ, Kim DW, Park TI, Kim SH, Jang YH

BACKGROUND: Based on clinical and genetic differences, atopic dermatitis (AD) and psoriasis have been classified in two different diseases, but recently, some authors regarded them as in one spectrum. The...
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Characteristics of Pruritus according to Morphological Phenotype of Psoriasis and Association with Neuropeptides and Interleukin-31

Park SM, Kim GW, Kim HS, Ko HC, Kim MB, Kim BS

BACKGROUND: Pruritus is a common symptom in psoriasis. However, few studies have assessed the characteristics of pruritus according to morphological phenotypes of psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the characteristics of pruritus according...
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Differential Activation of Macrophages Based on Their Environment in Advanced Age

Lee DY, Lim JS, Cho KA

The macrophage displays functional and phenotypic diversity, which appears, in no small part, to stem from the ability of macrophages to adapt functionally to changes in their tissue microenvironment. Here,...
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Bordetella bronchiseptica is a potent and safe adjuvant that enhances the antigen-presenting capability of dendritic cells

Lee YJ, Han Y, Joo HG

We previously demonstrated that Bordetella bronchiseptica (B. bronchiseptica) antigen (Ag) enhances the Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae Ag-specific immune response. The focus of this study was whether acellular bacterin of B. bronchiseptica could...
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Inhibitory effect of carvacrol on lipopolysaccharide-induced memory impairment in rats

Lee B, Yeom M, Shim I, Lee H, Hahm DH

Neuroinflammation is an important process underlying a wide variety of neurodegenerative diseases. Carvacrol (CAR) is a phenolic monoterpene commonly used as a food additive due to its antibacterial properties, but...
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Antibiotics-Induced Dysbiosis of Intestinal Microbiota Aggravates Atopic Dermatitis in Mice by Altered Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Kim HJ, Lee SH, Hong SJ

PURPOSE: Alterations in the intestinal microbiota in early life affects the development of atopic dermatitis (AD) in humans. This study aimed to further investigate the effects of gut dysbiosis in...
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Circulating MicroRNAs and T-Cell Cytokine Expression Are Associated With the Characteristics of Asthma Exacerbation

Wardzyńska A, Pawełczyk M, Rywaniak J, Kurowski M, Makowska J, Kowalski M

PURPOSE: Immunological mechanisms underlying asthma exacerbation have not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to assess the associations of various asthma exacerbation traits with selected serum microRNA (miRNA)...
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Particulate Matter 2.5 Causes Deficiency in Barrier Integrity in Human Nasal Epithelial Cells

Xian M, Ma S, Wang K, Lou H, Wang Y, Zhang L, Wang C, Akdis CA

PURPOSE: The effect of air pollution-related particulate matter (PM) on epithelial barrier function and tight junction (TJ) expression in human nasal mucosa has not been studied to date. This study...
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Anti-melanogenesis and Anti-inflammatory Effects of Cinnamomi Cortex Extract In Vitro

Park JH, Park SJ, Park KY, Kim BJ

  • KMID: 2465952
  • Korean J Dermatol.
  • 2019 Sep;57(8):448-456.
BACKGROUND: Many researchers have sought to identify safe, natural herbal extracts that exert an anti-melanogenesis effect. Cinnamomi cortex has been widely used as a herbal medicine in Asia and Europe. OBJECTIVE:...
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Anti-inflammatory Activity of Sambucus Plant Bioactive Compounds against TNF-α and TRAIL as Solution to Overcome Inflammation Associated Diseases: The Insight from Bioinformatics Study

Putra WE, Ode Salma , Rifa'i M

Inflammation is the crucial biological process of immune system which acts as body's defense and protective response against the injuries or infection. However, the systemic inflammation devotes the adverse effects...
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Shen-Kang protects against tacrolimus-induced renal injury

Zhang LY, Jin J, Luo K, Piao SG, Zheng HL, Jin JZ, Lim SW, Choi BS, Yang CW, Li C

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Evidence suggests that Shen-Kang (SK), a traditional Chinese herbal medicine, protects against various types of renal injury. In this study, we evaluated whether SK treatment confers renoprotection in a...
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