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How Well Did We Know About Our Communication? “Origins of Human Communication”

Son JW

Through accurate observation and the results of experimental studies using great apes, the author tells us exactly what we have not known about human communication. The author persuasively conveys to...
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Associations Between Korean Coronary Heart Disease Risk Score and Cognitive Function in DementiaFree Korean Older Adults

Mun H, Shim JY, Kimm H, Kang HC

Background: Cardiovascular risk is a modifiable factor that can help prevent dementia. Given the dearth of optimal treatment options, managing dementia risk factors is crucial. We examined the association between cardiovascular...
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Efficacy of Mobile-Based Cognitive Training Program DoBrain in Preschool Children With or Without Developmental Disabilities: A Randomized, Single-Blind, Active-Controlled Trial

Lee T, Kim S, Kim J, Park KJ, Kim HW

Objective Mobile-based cognitive training programs can be a viable alternative to in-person interventions, but their efficacies have not been established yet. In this study, we examined the efficacy of DoBrain,...
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Relationship Between Dizziness With Cognitive Impairment

Yim CD, Ahn SK

Dizziness is one of the most common symptoms in the elderly. Various vestibular disorders, such as benign paroxysmal positional vertigo, vestibular neuritis, Meniere’s disease, vestibular migraine, can cause dizziness. The...
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Difference in Cognitive Performance in Virtual Reality– Assisted Mental Health Promotion Program According to Groups Clustered Based on Mental Health

Lim HJ, Kim K, Moon E, Kim DR, Park JH, Shin MJ, Lee YH

Background: Several studies support the effectiveness and tolerability of virtual reality (VR) interventions in the psychiatric field. This study aimed to examine changes of cognitive performance in VR-assisted mental health...
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The Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic and Social Distancing on Cognition of Alzheimer’s Disease Patients

Joo SH, Hahn CT, Lee CU

Objective The risk of rapid cognitive decline in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has been recognized. The purpose of this study was to investigate the...
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Effects of Perampanel on Seizure Control, Cognition, Behavior, and Psychological Status in Patients With Epilepsy: A Systematic Review

Fong YO, Huang P, Hsu CY, Yang YH

Background and Purpose Thoroughly acquainting physicians with the effects of antiseizure medications (ASMs) is essential for developing appropriate therapeutic regimens for seizure management. This review summarizes the available evidence regarding...
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Resting Heart Rate and Cognitive Decline: A Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies

Kim HB, Jung YH, Han HJ

Background and Purpose Several previous meta-analyses have identified an association between cognitive decline and heart rate variability, which reflects autonomic nerve activity. This systematic review and meta-analysis investigated the impact of...
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Effects of Intensive Exercise on Cognitive Dysfunction in Patients With Pure Cerebellar Degeneration: A Single-Arm Pilot Study

Shimamoto T, Uchino K, Mori A, Nojima K, Iiyama J, Misumi Y, Ueda M, Uchino M

Objective To clarify the profile of cognitive dysfunction and the effects of intensive exercise in spinocerebellar degeneration (SCD). Methods We enrolled 60 healthy controls and 16 patients with purely cerebellar type...
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The Effects of Spiritual Well-Being on Elderly People’s Cognitive Function: Mediating Effects of Health-Promoting Behaviors and Depression

Kim SJ, Oh PJ

Purpose: This study investigated the effects of spiritual well-being on the cognitive function of elderly people, focusing on the mediating effects of health-promoting behaviors and depression. Methods: Using convenience sampling,...
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The Mediating Effects of Information and Communication Technology Use and Social Activity on the Relationship between Depression and Cognitive Function in Older Koreans

Lee JY

Purpose: This study determined the mediating effects of information and communication technology (ICT) use, as well as social activity, on the relationship between depression and cognitive function. Methods: Of the original...
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Functional Constipation is Associated with a Decline in Word Recognition 2 Years Later in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: The Korean Frailty and Aging Cohort Study

Jang H, Kim S, Kim B, Kim M, Jung J, Won CW

Background: Consumption and cognitive impairment are the most common health problems among older adults. This study aimed to determine the effects of functional constipation on cognitive decline in community-dwelling older...
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Potential Link Between Cognition and Motor Reserve in Patients With Parkinson’s Disease

Chung SJ, Kim YJ, Kim YJ, Lee HS, Yun M, Lee PH, Jeong Y, Sohn YH

Objective To investigate whether there is a link between cognitive function and motor reserve (i.e., individual capacity to cope with nigrostriatal dopamine depletion) in patients with newly diagnosed Parkinson’s disease...
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Development of Virtual Reality Neurocognitive Test for Mild Cognitive Impairment: Preliminary Study

Kang M, Roh HW, Son SJ, Chae H, Choi SW, Lee E, Seok JH, Jang S, Kim WJ

Objectives Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is known to have a high rate of progression to Alzheimer’s disease. Early detection and intervention of MCI are of great interest in psychiatric and...
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Effects of a High-Intensity Interval Physical Exercise Program on Cognition, Physical Performance, and Electroencephalogram Patterns in Korean Elderly People: A Pilot Study

Lee SM, Choi M, Chun BO, Sun K, Kim KS, Kang SW, Song HS, Moon SY

Background and Purpose: The effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) interventions on functional brain changes in older adults remain unclear. This preliminary study aimed to explore the effect of physical...
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Association Between Nap and Reported Cognitive Function and Role of Sleep Debt: A Population-Based Study

Chang HJ, Yang KI, Chu MK, Yun CH, Kim D

Background and Purpose The relationship between napping and cognition remains controversial. This study aimed to investigate the association between napping and cognition according to sleep debt in the Korean adult...
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The Effect of Depression and Cognitive Function on the Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index in the Elderly

Kim SM, Kim YI

Background: Depression and cognitive function have a positive effect on the improvement of quality of life and extension of lifespan in the elderly. In addition, it appears as a major...
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Preventive Measures against the Development of Dementia in Old Age

Ayenigbara IO

Dementia is a neurological condition characterized by numerous types of central nervous system diseases, which gradually deteriorates an individual’s reasoning, rational thinking, and judgment abilities. As a serious public health...
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Melatonin and Alzheimer’s Disease: A Mini-Review

Um YH, Lim HK

Melatonin is a hormone with neuroregulatory, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Its benevolent effects on Alzheimer’s disease (AD) has been replicated in both animal models and clinical studies. Melatonin was effective...
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Effect of Long-Term Benzodiazepines for Chronic Insomnia on Cognitive Function and Waking Electroencephalography: A Case-Control Study

Bang YR, Jeon HJ, Yoon IY

Objective The relationship between benzodiazepine use and cognitive decline in insomnia patients has been reported, but still conflicting. Thus, we tried to determine whether long-term exposure of benzodiazepine might be...
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