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Non-conservative Management of Chylothorax

Ahn HY, I H

Chylothorax is caused by lymphatic leakage, which can develop after thoracic surgery and is associated with cancer. Although prospective randomized trials have not been performed, radiological interventions have been performed...
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Successful Treatment of Intractable Chylo thorax with Povidone-Iodine Pleurodesis in Extremely Preterm Infant

Woo HA, Shin SH, Shin SH, Kim EK, Kim HS

Chylothorax is pleural collection of fluid formed by the escape of chyle from the thoracic duct or lymphatics into the thoracic cavity. In children, it frequently occurs after thoracic duct...
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Direct Percutaneous Needle Puncture and Intrapulmonary Lymphatic Embolization for Treatment of Chylothorax in a Patient with Lymphoma

Hwang bL, Kwon H, Jeon CH, Kim CW

Lymphoma is a common cause of nontraumatic chylothorax. Clinical success rates of thoracic duct embolization are lower in patients with nontraumatic chylothorax compared to patients with traumatic chylothorax. Herein, we...
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Interventional Radiology Treatment for Postoperative Chylothorax

Jun H, Hur S

Postoperative chylothorax is a rare occurrence after various thoracic surgical procedures,but it poses a substantial risk of morbidity and mortality. Thoracic duct embolization (TDE)is currently deemed the optimal treatment due...
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Chyle Leakage after Esophageal Cancer Surgery

Yang YH, Park SY, Kim DJ

Surgeons recommend dissecting lymph nodes in the thorax, abdomen, and neck duringsurgery for esophageal cancer because of the possibility of metastasis to the lymph nodesin those areas through the lymphatic...
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Chylothorax after Surgery for Congenital Cardiac Disease: A Prevention and Management Protocol

Shin YR, Lee H, Park YH, Park HK

Background: Chylothorax after congenital heart surgery is not an uncommon complication, and it is associated with significant morbidity. However, consensus treatment guidelines are lacking. To improve the treatment outcomes of...
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Bilateral Chylothorax Due to Blunt Spine Hyperextension Injury: A Case Report

Lee H, Han SH, Lee MK, Kwon OS, Kim KH, Kim JS, Chon SH, Shinn SH

Bilateral chylothorax due to blunt trauma is extremely rare. We report a 74-year-old patient that developed delayed bilateral chylothorax after falling off a ladder. The patient had a simple 12th...
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Chylous Manifestations and Management of Gorham-Stout Syndrome

Cho S, Kang SR, Lee BH, Choi S

Gorham-Stout disease (GSD) was first described by Gorham and colleagues in 1954, but its precise mechanism and cause remain to be elucidated. In this condition, voluminous and potentially fatal chylous...
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Serious Necrotizing Enterocolitis in a Neonate Treated with Octreotide for Congenital Chylothorax

Jo MJ, Kim DH, Kim HS

The somatostatin analog octreotide has recently been introduced in the treatment of infants with chylothorax. The safety profile of octreotide has not been fully evaluated. Octreotide reduces the splanchnic blood...
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Lymphangiographic Interventions to Manage Postoperative Chylothorax

Jeong H, Ahn HY, Kwon H, Kim YD, Cho JS, Eom J

BACKGROUND: Postoperative chylothorax may be caused by iatrogenic injury of the collateral lymphatic ducts after thoracic surgery. Although traditional treatment could be considered in most cases, resolution may be slow....
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Povidone-Iodine Pleurodesis for Chylothorax in an Extremely Low Birth Weight Infant

Kim JW, Jin JH, Yoon SW

Chylothorax, the accumulation of chyle in the pleural space, is a rare condition, but can lead to serious complications in neonates. Conservative therapy for chylothorax includes enteral feeding with medium-chain...
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Clinical characteristics of nontraumatic chylothorax in pediatric patients

Shin SH, Song JH, Kim MJ, Hur S, Kim WS, Suh DI

PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical characteristics of pediatric nontraumaitc chylothorax and to suggest appropriate therapeutic managements. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed medical records of 22 patients with nontraumatic chylothorax from January 2005 to...
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Postoperative Chylothorax: the Use of Dynamic Magnetic Resonance Lymphangiography and Thoracic Duct Embolization

Lee CW, Koo HJ, Shin JH, Kim MY, Yang DH

Dynamic enhanced magnetic resonance lymphangiography can be used to provide anatomic and dynamic information for various lymphatic diseases, including thoracic duct injury, and can also help to guide the thoracic...
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Surgical Reconstruction for High-Output Chylothorax Associated with Thrombo-Occlusion of Superior Vena Cava and Left Innominate vein in a Neonate

Ok YJ, Kim YH, Park CS

We report a case of high-output chylothorax associated with thrombo-occlusion of the superior vena cava (SVC) and left innominate vein (LIV) following an arterial switch operation in a neonate. The...
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Chemical Pleurodesis Using Viscum album Extract in Gorham Disease Complicated with Chylothorax

Cho SJ, Kim SW

Gorham disease, also known as massive osteolysis, is characterized by unregulated proliferation of lymphatic or vascular capillaries within bone, resulting in destruction and replacement with angiomatous tissue. This disease can...
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Recurrent Chylothorax Caused by a Retained Guidewire in a Central Vein: A Case Report

Jeon YD, Kim EK, Hwang JW, Park I, Kim NJ

The loss of a guidewire occurs very rarely during central venous catheterization (CVC). Guidewire loss can lead to serious mechanical, thrombotic, and infectious complications. A 74-year-old woman was admitted to...
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Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma Presenting with Chylothorax

Kim ST, Jo J, Yoo JR, Kim M, Han KH, Kim JH, Han SH

A 72-year-old male presented with respiratory discomfort. A simple chest X-ray and abdominal computed tomography showed pleural effusion and multiple lymph node enlargement. The pleural effusion was determined by thoracentesis...
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Simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites

Jang TS, Jeong IB, Cho DY, Kang SJ, Kwon OJ

Chylothorax or chylous ascites are rare manifestations of liver cirrhosis. We report a rare case of simultaneous chylothorax and chylous ascites in a patient with hepatitis B virus-related liver cirrhosis....
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Chylothorax after Blunt Chest Trauma: A Case Report

Sriprasit , Akaraborworn O

Traumatic chylothorax after blunt chest trauma alone is considered rare. Our patient was a 27-year-old female who was in a motorcycle accident and sustained blunt thoracic and traumatic thoracic aortic...
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Video-Assisted Thoracoscopic Ligation of the Thoracic Duct in a Patient with Traumatic Chylothorax

Lee DH, Cho JY, Oh TH

Non-surgical traumatic chylothorax following blunt chest trauma is rare, with only a few cases having been reported. In general, conservative treatment measures are recommended as initial management of traumatic chylothorax;...
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