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Feasibility and Applicability of Wireless Handheld Ultrasound Measurement of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Patients with Cardiac Symptoms

Jang AY, Ryu J, Oh PC, Moon J, Chung WJ

PURPOSE: Routine screening for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and cardiovascular (CV) disease in asymptomatic patients has been criticized for the high costs and large number of patients required for detecting...
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Association Between Serum Bilirubin and the Progression of Carotid Atherosclerosis in Type 2 Diabetes

Lee I, Lee HH, Cho Y, Choi YJ, Huh BW, Lee BW, Kang ES, Park SW, Cha BS, Lee EJ, Lee YH, Huh KB

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated whether serum bilirubin levels can predict the progression of carotid atherosclerosis in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: This observational study included 1,381 subjects with...
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Increased Carotid Intima-Media Thickness (IMT) in Hyperuricemic Individuals May Be Explained by Hyperhomocysteinemia Associated with Renal Dysfunction: a Cross-Sectional Study

Park JH, Song JS, Choi ST

BACKGROUND: Both hyperuricemia and hyperhomocysteinemia are known as main risk factors of cardiovascular diseases. There has been, however, no report on the relationship between carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and homocysteine...
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Aromatase inhibitor use is a risk factor of carotid plaque presence in endocrine-responsive breast cancer patients

Seo DH, Cho Y, Lee S, Park S, Kim SI, Park BW, Rhee Y

BACKGROUND/AIMS: The aromatase inhibitors (AIs) are well known anti-hormonal therapy in endocrine-responsive breast cancer patients. It can lead to dyslipidemia and be the risk factor of cardiovascular disease due to...
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Effect of Niacin on Carotid Atherosclerosis in Patients at Low-Density Lipoprotein-Cholesterol Goal but High Lipoprotein (a) Level: a 2-Year Follow-Up Study

Song S, Lee CJ, Oh J, Park S, Kang SM, Lee SH

OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of niacin on the progression of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) in patients with high level of lipoprotein (Lp) (a). METHODS: Patients at low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol goal but...
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Perirenal and epicardial fat and their association with carotid intima-media thickness in children

López-Bermejo A, Prats-Puig A, Osiniri I, Martínez-Calcerrada JM, Bassols J

Recent data suggest that subclinical atherosclerosis is more related to visceral adipose tissue distribution than to overall fat mass. Both perirenal fat and epicardial fat are visceral fat depots surrounding...
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Interpretation of the Results of Arterial Stiffness Tests

Ryu DR

Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Early detection of subclinical atherosclerosis is important for reduction of cardiovascular risk. However, the current diagnostic strategy, which focuses...
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Effects of 12 Weeks of Combined Exercise on Vascular Function-Related Inflammation Factors, Carotid Intima-Media Thickness and Physical Fitness in Obese 40s-Aged Women with Metabolic Syndrome

Kim K

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of 12 weeks of combined exercise on vascular function-related inflammation, carotid intima-media thickness and fitness factors in obese middle-aged...
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Presence of Carotid Plaque Is Associated with Rapid Renal Function Decline in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Normal Renal Function

Seo DH, Kim SH, Song JH, Hong S, Suh YJ, Ahn SH, Woo JT, Baik SH, Park Y, Lee KW, Kim YS, Nam M, on Behalf of the KNDP Study Group

BACKGROUND: Recent evidences indicate that early rapid renal function decline is closely associated with the development and progression of diabetic kidney disease. We have investigated the association between carotid atherosclerosis...
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Color Doppler Ultrasonography Is a Useful Tool for Diagnosis of Peripheral Artery Disease in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients with Ankle-Brachial Index 0.91 to 1.40

Hur KY, Jun JE, Choi YJ, Lee YH, Kim DJ, Park SW, Huh BW, Lee EJ, Jee SH, Huh KB, Choi SH

BACKGROUND: The clinical utility of ankle-brachial index (ABI) is not clear in subjects with less severe or calcified vessel. Therefore, we investigated the usefulness of color Doppler ultrasonography for diagnosing...
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ApoB/ApoA-I ratio is independently associated with carotid atherosclerosis in type 2 diabetes mellitus with well-controlled LDL cholesterol levels

Jun JE, Choi YJ, Lee YH, Kim DJ, Park SW, Huh BW, Lee EJ, Jee SH, Hur KY, Choi SH, Huh KB

BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aimed to investigate whether the apolipoprotein (Apo) B/ApoA-I ratio is associated with carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) subjects with low density lipoprotein...
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Association of appendicular skeletal muscle mass with carotid intima-media thickness according to body mass index in Korean adults

Heo JE, Kim HC, Shim JS, Song BM, Bae HY, Lee HJ, Suh I

OBJECTIVES: The combined effects of obesity and appendicular skeletal muscle (ASM) on atherosclerosis, especially in middle-aged populations, remain poorly understood. This cross-sectional study investigated the effects of ASM on carotid...
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Aortic Flow Propagation Velocity in Patients with Familial Mediterranean Fever: an Observational Study

Karaman K, Arisoy A, Altunkas A, Erken E, Demirtas A, Ozturk M, Karayakali M, Sahin S, Celik A

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Systemic inflammation has an important role in the initiation of atherosclerosis, which is associated with arterial stiffness (AS). Aortic flow propagation velocity (APV) is a new echocardiographic...
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Carotid Atherosclerosis and Electrocardiographic Left Ventricular Hypertrophy in the General Population: The Namwon Study

Kim NH, Shin MH, Kweon SS, Ko JS, Lee YH

This study aimed to investigate the relationship between carotid atherosclerosis and left ventricular hypertrophy on electrocardiogram (ECG-LVH) on adults living in the community. A total of 9,266 adults who participated...
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Impact of high serum Immunoglobulin E levels on the risk of atherosclerosis in humans

Unal D, Gelincik A, Elitok A, Demir S, Olgac M, Coskun R, Kocaaga M, Colakoglu , Buyukozturk S

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies show that immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels were higher in subjects with acute coronary events. However, it is unknown if the increased IgE level is a marker of...
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Association between Lumbar Bone Mineral Density and Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Korean Adults: a Cross-sectional Study of Healthy Twin Study

Shin J, Park JH, Song YM, Lee K, Sung J

Bone mineral density (BMD) has been suggested to be associated with atherosclerosis. In the present study, we evaluated the association between lumbar BMD and the segments of carotid intima-media thickness...
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Is Carotid Artery Ultrasound Still Useful Method for Evaluation of Atherosclerosis?

Kim GH, Youn HJ

Carotid ultrasound is an imaging modality that allows non-invasive assessment of vascular anatomy and function. Carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) has been shown to predict cardiovascular (CV) risk in multiple large...
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Effects of metabolic syndrome on aortic pulse wave velocity

Lee DH, Youn HJ, Chung WB, Choi YS, Lee JM, Park CS, Jung HO, Jeon HK, Lee MY

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to compare the value and evaluate the validity of non-invasive methods for the detection of vascular stiffness in never-treated individuals with metabolic syndrome...
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The Value of Elastic Modulus Index as a Novel Surrogate Marker for Cardiovascular Risk Stratification by Dimensional Speckle-Tracking Carotid Ultrasonography

Yoon JH, Cho IJ, Chang HJ, Sung JM, Lee J, Ryoo H, Shim CY, Hong GR, Chung N

BACKGROUND: Carotid intima media thickness (CIMT) and the presence of carotid plaque have been used for risk stratification of cardiovascular disease (CVD). To date, however, the association between multi-directional functional...
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AST-120 Improves Microvascular Endothelial Dysfunction in End-Stage Renal Disease Patients Receiving Hemodialysis

Ryu JH, Yu M, Lee S, Ryu DR, Kim SJ, Kang DH, Choi KB

PURPOSE: Endothelial dysfunction (ED) is a pivotal phenomenon in the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in patients receiving hemodialysis (HD). Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a known uremic toxin that induces...
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