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Feasibility and Applicability of Wireless Handheld Ultrasound Measurement of Carotid Intima-Media Thickness in Patients with Cardiac Symptoms

Jang AY, Ryu J, Oh PC, Moon J, Chung WJ

PURPOSE: Routine screening for carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and cardiovascular (CV) disease in asymptomatic patients has been criticized for the high costs and large number of patients required for detecting...
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Effect of Ghrelin on Memory Impairment in a Rat Model of Vascular Dementia

Park JM, Kim YJ

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of ghrelin on memory impairment in a rat model of vascular dementia induced by chronic cerebral hypoperfusion. METHODS: Randomized controlled...
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Safety and Technical Efficacy of Tumescent Anesthesia in Radiofrequency Ablation for Thyroid Nodules Close to the Surrounding Structure

Eom TI, Kim BS

PURPOSE: This study estimated the changes in distance between a thyroid nodule and the surrounding structures after tumescent anesthesia in radiofrequency ablation (RFA) for a benign thyroid nodule. METHODS: Between January...
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Availability of end-tidal carbon dioxide on change in stroke volume in spontaneous breathing subjects

Yeom SR, Lee JH

OBJECTIVE: Stroke volume (SV) measurements have been used to guide fluid management. Noninvasive, indirect, and convenient measurements of the SV for fluid therapy are required for most patients during spontaneous...
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Right and left common carotid arteries arising from the branchiocephalic, a rare variation of the aortic arch

Panagouli , Tsoucalas , Papaioannou T, Fiska A, Venieratos D, Skandalakis P

The aortic arch may present a plethora of anatomical variations, which my cause a cluster of complications in interventional procedures in surgery and angiography. We present a rare case of...
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Histological Comparison of Papain-induced and Elastase-induced Saccular Aneurysms in Rabbits

Park H, Kim M, Kim SY, Lee SL, Lee HC, Lee WJ, Lee JH

A saccular aneurysm is a localized, pouch arterial abnormality, Varous kinds of experimental saccular aneurysm models have been developed to treat aneurysms, and more effective ways to create aneurysm model...
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End-Stage Renal Disease Impairs the Multidirectional Movements of the Common Carotid Artery: Assessment Using Dimensional Speckle-Tracking Carotid Strain Ultrasonography

Lee SE, Lee J, Yoo TH, Cho IJ, Chang HJ

BACKGROUND: Arterial stiffening is a major contributing factor in the development of cardiovascular disease in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). However, there is no gold standard for evaluating arterial...
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Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion Induces Alterations of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 and Angiopoietin-2 Levels in the Rat Hippocampus

Kim MS, Choi BR, Lee YW, Kim DH, Han YS, Jeon WK, Han JS

Angiogenic factors contribute to cerebral angiogenesis following cerebral hypoperfusion, and understanding these temporal changes is essential to developing effective treatments. The present study examined temporal alterations in angiogenesis-related matrix metalloproteinase-9...
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Iatrogenic common carotid artery rupture during neck surgery rescued using covered stent: A case report

Kim JY, Shin IW, Kim S, Kang SB, Lee SH, Park KE, Lee HK, Sohn JT, Chung YK

Carotid artery rupture during head and neck surgery is a catastrophic, life-threatening emergency. Although recent incidence has declined, it still occurs in many patients. Hemorrhage from the carotid artery is...
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Transient forebrain ischemia induces impairment in cognitive performance prior to extensive neuronal cell death in Mongolian gerbil (Meriones unguiculatus)

Kondo T, Yoshida S, Nagai H, Takeshita , Mino M, Morioka H, Nakajima T, Kusakabe K, Okada T

In Mongolian gerbils, bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) for several minutes induces ischemia, due to an incomplete circle of Willis, resulting in delayed neuronal cell death in the Cornet...
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Ruptured Mycotic Aneurysm of the Common Carotid Artery: A Case Report

Kim DI, Park BS, Kim DH, Kim DJ, Jung YJ, Lee SS, Jung HJ

Mycotic aneurysms of the common carotid artery (CCA) are very rare and warrant surgical treatment to prevent rupture and death. A 89-year-old man who complained of a sore throat and...
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Symptomatic Bilateral Carotid Artery Occlusion: An Uncommon Pattern of Carotid Pathology

Maltezos C, Anastasiadou C, Papapetrou A, Galyfos G, Sachmpazidis I, Papacharalampous G

We report an unusual case of an 83-year-old man who was admitted with dizziness and repeated drop attacks. He was diagnosed with bilateral carotid artery occlusion and he underwent a...
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Common Carotid Artery Dissection in Multiple Extracranial Injury: A Case Report

Kil JS, Lee MK, Eom KS

Traumatic common carotid artery dissection (CCAD) is rare. To our knowledge, only 14 case reports have described traumatic CCAD previously. Here, we report a case of CCAD in a patient...
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Black Rice (Oryza sativa L., Poaceae) Extract Reduces Hippocampal Neuronal Cell Death Induced by Transient Global Cerebral Ischemia in Mice

Hwang SN, Kim JC, Bhuiyan MI, Kim JY, Yang JS, Yoon SH, Yoon KD, Kim SY

Rice is the most commonly consumed grain in the world. Black rice has been suggested to contain various bioactive compounds including anthocyanin antioxidants. There is currently little information about the...
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Changes in blood flow at the mandibular angle and Horner syndrome in a rat model of superior cervical ganglion block

Kubota K, Sunada K

BACKGROUND: A stellate ganglion block (SGB) causes increased blood flow in the maxillofacial region, exhibiting the potential for regenerative effects in damaged tissue. The focus of this study was to...
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Neuroprotective Effect of Duloxetine on Chronic Cerebral Hypoperfusion-Induced Hippocampal Neuronal Damage

Park JA, Lee CH

Chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CCH), which is associated with onset of vascular dementia, causes cognitive impairment and neuropathological alterations in the brain. In the present study, we examined the neuroprotective effect...
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Symptomatic Post Endarterectomy Common Carotid Artery Pseudoaneurysm Treated with Combination of Flow Diverter Implantation and Carotid Stenting

Young M, Imbarrato , Gordhan A

A 74-year-old male developed cervical carotid artery psuedoaneurysm 8 months after carotid endarterectomy. The patient was successfully managed with dual implantation of flow-diverter and conventional carotid stent. Flow-diverter was placed...
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Cerebral Thromboembolic Events During Anterior Cervical Spine Surgery: Retrospective Case Series Study With Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging Follow-up in the Immediate Postoperative Period

Chung SW, Kang MS, Lee SH, Lee SY, Shin YH, Park CH

OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the efficacy of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) in detecting perioperative cerebral thromboembolic events after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF). METHODS: This retrospective case series included 51...
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Low Common Carotid Artery Systolic Occlusion Pressure and Symptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis Are Associated with Development of Neurologic Intolerance during Proximal Protected Carotid Artery Stenting

Kwon HJ, Park JH, Lee JH, Jeong HS, Song HJ, Kim J, Kim M, Kwon IS, Seong IW

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Neurologic intolerance (NI) is defined as the occurrence of neurological symptoms during carotid artery stenting (CAS). Because NI is inevitable problem, it may be helpful to anticipate...
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Histomorphological changes in the common carotid artery of the male rat in induced hypogonadism

Cheruiyot , Olabu B, Kamau M, Ongeti K, Mandela P

The role of androgens in the development of cardiovascular diseases remains controversial. The current study therefore sought to determine the changes in the histomorphology of the common carotid artery of...
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