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Cigarette Smoking in Men and Women and Electronic Cigarette Smoking in Men are Associated with Higher Risk of Elevated Cadmium Level in the Blood

Lee JW, Kim Y, Kim Y, Yoo H, Kang HT

BACKGROUND: We investigated the association between blood concentration of cadmium and smoking status including use of electronic cigarettes (E-cigars). METHODS: We used data from the Korea National Health and Nutritional Survey...
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Prenatal Exposure to Lead and Chromium is Associated with IL-13 Levels in Umbilical Cord Blood and Severity of Atopic Dermatitis: COCOA Study

Kim J, Kim S, Woo SY, Chung JY, Hong YS, Oh SY, Choi SJ, Oh SY, Kim KW, Shin YH, Won HS, Lee KJ, Kim SH, Kwon JY, Lee SH, Hong SJ, Ahn K

There have been few studies investigating the association between atopic dermatitis (AD) and prenatal exposure to heavy metals. We aimed to evaluate whether prenatal exposure to heavy metals is associated...
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Swimming pools quality risk assessment for heavy metal deposition and intake via oral and dermal exposure

Nnabugwu A, Uchenna AP

The deplorable environmental conditions coupled to poor management practices employed by public swimming pool owners have led to suspicions over the safety of these recreational sites. This study was carried...
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Serum Cadmium Level Is Positively Associated with Unruptured Intracranial Aneurysm Incidence

Yoon BN, Lee JB, Jin GH, Kim WY

BACKGROUND: Cadmium is a toxic element in cigarette smoke associated with ischemic vascular disease. Its association with cerebral aneurysm is unknown. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the medical records of patients with...
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Occupational Risk Factors for Prostate Cancer: A Meta-analysis

Krstev S, Knutsson A

Prostate cancer is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. There are many occupational factors that have been suggested to cause prostate cancer. Our aim was to evaluate the...
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Association between cadmium exposure and hearing impairment: a population-based study in Korean adults

Jung DJ

BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to evaluate the clinical association between cadmium exposure and hearing impairment among the Korean population. METHODS: This retrospective cross-sectional study used the data obtained from the...
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Association between Three Heavy Metals and Dry Eye Disease in Korean Adults: Results of the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Jung SJ, Lee SH

PURPOSE: To investigate the associations between blood heavy metal concentrations and dry eye disease using a Korean population-based survey. METHODS: This study included 23,376 participants >40 years of age who participated...
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The effects of exposure to lead, cadmium and mercury on follicle-stimulating hormone levels in men and postmenopausal women: data from the Second Korean National Environmental Health Survey (2012–2014)

Lee TW, Kim DH, Ryu JY

BACKGROUND: Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), a gonadotropin secreted by the pituitary gland, is a representative secondary sex hormone and an important indicator of reproductive function. The effects of heavy metals such...
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Associations between socioeconomic status and blood cadmium levels in Korea

Jee Y, Cho SI

OBJECTIVES: Although smoking is associated with both low socioeconomic status and blood cadmium (Cd) levels, the association between socioeconomic status and Cd levels remains unclear. Therefore, our study aimed to...
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Association of Blood Pressure with Blood Lead and Cadmium Levels in Korean Adolescents: Analysis of Data from the 2010–2016 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Ahn J, Kim NS, Lee BK, Park J, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: We evaluated the association of blood pressure (BP) with blood levels of cadmium, lead, and cadmium and lead together (cadmium + lead) in a representative sample of adolescents from...
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Evaluation of the Exposure to Environmental Pollutants Emanating from National Industrial Complexes

Bae S, Choi J, Kim G, Song S, Ha M, Kwon H

The industrial complexes built during the course of economic development in South Korea played a pivotal role in the country's rapid economic growth. However, this growth was accompanied by health...
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Association between cadmium and anti-Mullerian hormone in premenopausal women at particular ages

Lee YM, Chung HW, Jeong K, Sung YA, Lee H, Ye S, Ha EH

BACKGROUND: Anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) in women is secreted by granulosa cells of antral follicles. AMH appears to be a very stable marker for ovarian function. It may be used to...
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Environmental exposure of heavy metal (lead and cadmium) and hearing loss: data from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES 2010–2013)

Kang GH, Uhm JY, Choi YG, Kang EK, Kim SY, Choo WO, Chang SS

BACKGROUND: Lead and cadmium have been identified as risk factors for hearing loss in animal studies, but large-scale studies targeting the general human population are rare. This study was conducted...
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Systematic Review of Heavy Metal Concentrations in Fish and Shellfish in Korea

Ye S, Shin J, Lee J, Jung EM, Lee J, Yun E, Kim Y, Oh Y, Ha EH

OBJECTIVES: Heavy metals ingested through the consumption of aquatic products can accumulate in the human body over the long-term and cause various health problems. This study aims to present comprehensive...
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Environmental and Body Concentrations of Heavy Metals at Sites Near and Distant from Industrial Complexes in Ulsan, Korea

Sung JH, Oh I, Kim A, Lee J, Sim CS, Yoo C, Park SJ, Kim GB, Kim Y

BACKGROUND: Industrial pollution may affect the heavy metal body burden of people living near industrial complexes. We determined the average concentrations of atmospheric heavy metals in areas close to and...
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Lead, Mercury, and Cadmium Exposure in the Korean General Population

Eom SY, Lee YS, Lee SG, Seo MN, Choi BS, Kim YD, Lim JA, Hwang MS, Kwon HJ, Kim YM, Hong YS, Sohn SJ, Park KS, Pyo HS, Kim H, Kim H, Park JD

BACKGROUND: Lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and cadmium (Cd) are well-known environmental pollutants. They are unnecessary in the biological processes of humans. This study was performed to estimate the representative background...
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Particulate Matter (Fine Particle) and Urologic Diseases

Kim EA

Particulate matter (PM) has been found to damage vital body organs, including the lungs and heart, through vascular damage and oxidative stress. Recently, renal function and chronic urologic diseases have...
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Cadmium-induced ER stress and inflammation are mediated through C/EBP–DDIT3 signaling in human bronchial epithelial cells

Kim J, Song H, Heo HR, Kim JW, Kim HR, Hong Y, Yang SR, Han SS, Lee SJ, Kim WJ, Hong SH

Cadmium (Cd), a major component of cigarette smoke, disrupts the normal functions of airway cells and can lead to the development of various pulmonary diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary...
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Animal Models for Acute Kidney Injury

Jang HR

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is classified into three types according to its pathophysiology: prerenal, intrinsic renal, and post-renal AKI. Experimental models of AKI can be divided into two categories: in...
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Cadmium Exposure Is Associated with Monocyte Count and Monocyte to HDL Ratio, a Marker of Inflammation and Future Cardiovascular Disease in the Male Population

Baek K, Chung I

Cadmium is a heavy metal that humans can be exposed to the in environment and occupation, and its relationship with cardiovascular diseases has been reported. in various reports. Epidemiological studies...
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