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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements in Adult Patients during the Process of Determining Brain Death in Korea

Kim DH, Kwon OY, Yang TW, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Yeom JS, Kim YS

BACKGROUND: Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. Based on previous reports, it is not...
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Analysis of factors involved in brain-death donor processing for face transplantation in Korea: How much time is available from brain death to transplantation?

Hong JW, Chung SW, Ahn SJ, Lee WJ, Lew DH, Kim YO

BACKGROUND: Face transplantation has naturally evolved from reconstructive procedures. However, few institutions perform face transplantations, because it is time-consuming and it is necessary to justify non-vital organ transplantation. We investigated...
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Emergency room visits for severe complications after cosmetic surgery

Lee WS, Park SH, Kang SG, Tak MS, Kim CH, Lee SW

BACKGROUND: Because many cosmetic surgery clinics are not adequately equipped to handle emergent conditions, patients often come to a university hospital when problems occur during or after cosmetic surgery. However,...
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Spontaneous Repetitive Constriction and Dilatation of a Unilateral Pupil in a Brain Death Patient

Chun MY, Park J, Lee SY, Lee CY, Lee SA, Lee EH, Lee SH, Chang Y, Park KD, Song TJ

In brain death state, bilateral pupil light reflexes are disappeared, and pupils are fixed with dilated. However, spontaneous movements such as ocular microtremor or bilateral cyclical constriction-dilatation of pupils have...
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Medical Management of Brain-Dead Organ Donors

Anwar AT, Lee JM

With improving healthcare services, the demand for organ transplants has been increasing daily worldwide. Deceased organ donors serve as a good alternative option to meet this demand. The first step...
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Brain computed tomography angiography in postcardiac arrest patients and neurologic outcome

An J, Cho E, Park E, Lee SE, Han M, Min YG, Chae MK

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to analyze intracranial vessels using brain computed tomography angiography (CTA) and scoring systems to diagnose brain death and predict poor neurologic outcomes of postcardiac arrest patients. METHODS:...
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Organ donation in Korea in 2018 and an introduction of the Korea national organ donation system

Cho WH

A total of 1,503 solid organs were procured from 449 deceased donors in 2018. Although the number of donors was down by 12.8% from the previous year (8.7 per million...
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Reflex and Spontaneous Movements of Patients in the Process of Determining Brain Death

Kim YS, Kim J, Kwon OY, Kim M, Lee J, Cho W, Kim DH, Yang TW, Kim SK

Brain death is a clinical diagnosis that implies irreversible loss of function of the entire brain, including the brainstem and both hemispheres. It is not uncommon for reflex and spontaneous...
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Factors Influencing Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Treatment in Tertiary General Hospital Workers -Knowledge and Attitude of Organ Donation and Transplantation, Awareness of Death, Knowledge and Perception of Hospice Palliative Care-

Je NJ, Hwa JS

PURPOSE: This descriptive study was conducted to examine factors that affect hospital workers in their decision to withdraw from life-sustaining treatment, such as knowledge, attitude, and perception of organ donation,...
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Ischemic Stroke after Use of Cannabis: a Case Report and Review of Literature

Jung JS, Park YW, Lee SA, Song TJ, Lim SM

Cannabis or marijuana is the most commonly used recreational drug after alcohol in the world, and usage is generally recognized as having few serious adverse effects. However, usage is restricted...
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Status of Organ Donation and Solution of Organ Shortage in Korea

Cho WH

Deceased organ donation in Korea has increased steadily after legislation of transplantation law. Since last year, however, several obstacles resulting in a decrease in organ donation have been experienced. Among...
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Acute Myocardial Infarction due to Cardiac Allograft Vasculopathy: An Autopsy Report

Kim MY, Kim JH, Park MJ, Lee SD

After the Organ Transplant Act was enforced in 2000, the criteria for the diagnosis of brain death have been legalized, and cardiac transplantation has become a promising treatment choice for...
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Causes of Failure during the Management Process from Identification of Brain-Dead Potential Organ Donors to Actual Donation in Korea: a 5-Year Data Analysis (2012–2016)

Kim MI, Oh J, Cho WH, Kim DS, Jung CW, You YD, Gwon JG, Lee JM

BACKGROUND: This retrospective study analyzed the causes of failure in the management process from the identification of brain-dead potential organ donors to actual donation in Korea over the past 5...
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An Experience of Judicial Autopsy for a Death by Muscular Dystrophy: An Autopsy Case

Kim YS, Park JH

Progressive muscular dystrophy (PMD) is a primary muscle disease characterized by progressive muscle weakness and wasting, which is inherited by an X-linked recessive pattern and occurs mainly in males. There...
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Kidney transplantation using expanded criteria deceased donors with terminal acute kidney injury: a single center experience in Korea

Ko KJ, Kim YH, Kim MH, Jun KW, Kwon KH, Kim HS, Kim SD, Park SC, Kim JI, Yun SS, Moon IS, Hwang JK

PURPOSE: We investigated the clinical outcomes of deceased donor kidney transplantation (KT) using kidneys with terminal acute kidney injury (AKI). METHODS: Between February 2000 and December 2013, we performed 202 deceased...
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Extracorporeal Life Support in Organ Transplant Donors

Chang W

BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) can be applied in brain-dead donors for organ perfusion before donation, thereby expanding the donor pool. The aim of this study was to examine the...
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Acute Cerebellitis Causing Life-threatening Brain Stem Compression and Acute Hydrocephalus: A Fatal Case Report

Seol JH, Park J, Lee KY

Acute cerebellitis is a rare inflammatory disorder that occurs most frequently in children. The typical clinical course of acute cerebellitis is benign. However, in some cases of acute cerebellitis, fulminant...
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Factors Influencing Family's Organ Donation Decision

Oh J, Kang M, Jang KS, Kang HJ, Cho W, Ha J

BACKGROUND: The main factor limiting the increase in brain dead organ donors is low consent rates for organ donation. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of donor records of Korea...
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Immunologic Mechanism of Ischemia Reperfusion Injury in Transplantation

Lee JS

Ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) is an inevitable consequence of organ transplantation that has major consequences for graft-and patient survival. During transplantation procedures, allografts are exposed to various periods of complete ischemia....
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Electroencephalography for the diagnosis of brain death

Lee SY, Kim WJ, Kim JM, Kim J, Park S, The Korean Society of Clinical Neurophysiology Education Committee

Electroencephalography (EEG) is frequently used to assist the diagnosis of brain death. However, to date there have been no guidelines in terms of EEG criteria for determining brain death in...
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