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Cerebrovascular Events in Pediatric Inflammatory Bowel Disease: A Review of Published Cases

Rohani P, Taraghikhah N, Nasehi MM, Alimadadi H, Aghdaei HA

Pediatric inflammatory bowel disease (PIBD) is a multisystem disorder characterized by intestinal and extraintestinal manifestations and complications. Cerebrovascular events (CVE) are rare extraintestinal complications in patients with PIBD. Statistics show...
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Neuropathologic features of central nervous system hemangioblastoma

Yoda RA, Cimino PJ

Hemangioblastoma is a benign, highly vascularized neoplasm of the central nervous system (CNS). This tumor is associated with loss of function of the VHL gene and demonstrates frequent occurrence in...
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Revised Electroencephalography Terminology and Clinical Consideration

Kim HJ, Kim SY, Kang HG, Ryu HU

Electroencephalography (EEG) has been used for decades to evaluate and assess brain function. It is a useful method to diagnose brain disorders. However, confirmed interpretation of EEG is quite challenging...
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Predictors and Dynamic Nomogram to Determine the Individual Risk of Malignant Brain Edema After Endovascular Thrombectomy in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Jiang Qm, Yu S, Dong Xf, Wang Hs, Hou J, Huang Zc, Guo Zl, You Sj, Xiao Gd

Background and Purpose This study aimed to construct an optimal dynamic nomogram for predicting malignant brain edema (MBE) in acute ischemic stroke (AIS) patients after endovascular thrombectomy (ET). Methods We enrolled...
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Alterations of Functional Connectivity in Patients With Restless Legs Syndrome

Park KM, Kim KT, Kang KW, Park JA, Seo JG, Kim J, Chang H, Kim EY, Cho YW, oBotRSotKSRS

Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological illness marked by a strong desire to move one’s legs, usually in association with uncomfortable sensations. Recent studies have investigated brain networks...
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Pediatric Severe Traumatic Brain Injury : Updated Management

Ha EJ

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is the leading cause of death and disability in children. Survivors of severe TBI are more susceptible to functional deficits, resulting in disability, poor quality of...
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Pediatric Minor Traumatic Brain Injury : Growing Skull Fracture, Traumatic Cerebrospinal Fluid Leakage, Concussion

Choi JI, Kim SD

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major public health issue that causes significant morbidity and mortality in the pediatric population. Pediatric minor TBIs are the most common and are widely...
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Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury : The Epidemiology in Korea

Park ES, Yang HJ, Park JB

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is one of the leading causes of death in the pediatric population in Korea. In addition, it can cause disability in children and adolescents, with physical...
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Emotional and cognitive changes in chronic kidney disease

Kim DS, Kim SW, Gil HW

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) leads to cognitive impairment and emotional changes. However, the precise mechanism underlying the crosstalk between the kidneys and the nervous system is not fully understood. Inflammation...
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Recent Updates on Radiation Therapy for Pediatric Optic Pathway Glioma

Kim N, Lim DH

Optic pathway glioma (OPG) is a rare tumor located in optic nerve, optic tract, or optic chiasm. Treatment options for OPG include surgery, radiation therapy (RT), and chemotherapy. Although RT...
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Rapid-Growing Intracranial Immature Teratoma Presenting Obstructive Hydrocephalus and Abducens Nerve Palsy: A Case Report and Literature Review

Woo SB, Lee CY, Kim CH, Ko YS, Kim E, Shim YJ, Kim SP, Kwon SM

Intracranial immature teratoma is an extremely rare disease with poor prognosis and requires complicated treatment. Owing to the deep midline location of the tumor, total surgical resection of the tumor...
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Artificial Intelligence in Neuro-Oncologic Imaging: A Brief Review for Clinical Use Cases and Future Perspectives

Park JE

The artificial intelligence (AI) techniques, both deep learning end-to-end approaches and radiomics with machine learning, have been developed for various imaging-based tasks in neuro-oncology. In this brief review, use cases...
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Functional Neuroimaging in Irritable Bowel Syndrome: A Systematic Review Highlights Common Brain Alterations With Functional Movement Disorders

Nisticò V, Rossi RE, D’Arrigo AM, Priori A, Gambini O, Demartini B

  • KMID: 2528033
  • J Neurogastroenterol Motil.
  • 2022 Apr;28(2):185-203.
  • doi: 10.5056/jnm21079
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a chronic functional gastrointestinal disorder characterized by recurring abdominal pain and altered bowel habits without detectable organic causes. This study aims to provide a comprehensive...
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The influence of socioeconomic factors on deceased organ donation in Iran

Pourhosein E, Bagherpour F, Latifi M, Pourhosein M, Pourmand G, Namdari F, Pourmand N, Ghaffari P, Dehghani S

Background: There is a large gap between the number of patients on organ waiting lists and the number of available organs for donation. This study investigated the socioeconomic factors in...
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Brain Injuries in Term Infants with Respira tory Distress Immediately after Birth

Jung N, Lee J, Lee G, Nam SK, Jun YH

Objective: We aimed to identify the prevalence of brain injuries and its associated factors in term infants with respiratory distress. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 98 infants born after 36 weeks’ gestation,...
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Effect of Mechanical Ventilation on Neuro developmental Outcome in Preterm Infants without Major Neurodevelopmental Im pairments

Kim J, Lim KB, Yoo J, Hwang JH, Yoon BH

Objective: Prematurity is a strong risk factor for neurodevelopmental impairment and ventilator care occupies an important portion to manage preterm infants. The aim of this study is to investigate the...
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Frequency, shape, and estimated volume of intracranial physiologic calcification in different age groups investigated by brain computed tomography scan: a retrospective study

Ghorbanlou M, Moradi F, Mehdizadeh M

Intracranial calcification is referred to calcification of parenchyma and vascular structures in brain which can be physiologic or pathologic. This study was conducted with the purpose of investigating the frequency,...
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Glial and Vascular Cell Regulation of the Blood-Brain Barrier in Diabetes

Li X, Cai Y, Zhang Z, Zhou J

As a structural barrier, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) is located at the interface between the brain parenchyma and blood, and modulates communication between the brain and blood microenvironment to maintain...
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The efficacy of EGFR-tyrosine kinase inhibitor in non-small cell lung cancer patients with synchronous brain metastasis: a real-world study

Choi JH, Choi YW, Lee HW, Kang SY, Jeong GS, Ahn MS, Oh YT, Noh Ok, Kim SH, Roh TH, Sheen SS

Background/Aims: The optimal treatment (Tx) for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients with brain metastasis (BM) remains to be determined. Methods: A retrospective review was conducted...
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The Therapeutic Role of Nanoparticle Shape in Traumatic Brain Injury : An in vitro Comparative Study

Youn DH, Jung H, Tran NM, Jeon JP, Yoo H

Objective : To perform a comparative analysis of therapeutic effects associated with two different shapes of ceria nanoparticles, ceria nanorods (Ceria NRs) and ceria nanospheres (Ceria NSs), in an in...
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