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Evaluation of body composition using computed tomography in patients with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated vasculitis

Ahn SS, Yoo BW, Kwon HC, Yoo J, Jung SM, Song JJ, Park YB, Lee SW

Background/Aims: Measures of body composition, including visceral adipose tissue (VAT), subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT), and skeletal muscle area (SMA), are considered important prognostic factors in chronic diseases. The association of...
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Cross-Calibration of Bone Mineral Densities and Body Composition between GE Lunar Prodigy and Osteosys Primus

Ha YC, Yoo JI

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation between bone mineral density (BMD) and body composition measured by the Osteosys Primus® and the GE Lunar Prodigy® and...
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Effect of Antioxidant Improvement Program with Health Contract on Antioxidant Indicators and Body Composition in Female College Students

Kang SY, Chae YR

Purpose: This study targeted female university students in their 20s and created an antioxidant improvement program with a health contract, one of the behavioral modification therapies, based on King’s (1981)...
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Impact of Visceral Fat Area Measured by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis on Clinico-Pathologic Outcomes of Colorectal Surgery

Kim KE, Song WJ, Seok M, Bae SU, Jeong WK, Baek SK

Purpose: This study investigated the relationship between the visceral fat area (VFA) and clinico-pathological outcomes in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). Methods: This retrospective study included 204 patients who underwent anthropometric...
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The Effects of a 7000-Step Goal and Weekly Group Walking Program for Overweight and Obese Elderly People in Sarawak, Malaysia: A Quasi-experimental Study

Saad MF, Cheah WL, Hazmi H

Objectives: Physical inactivity is the fourth leading global risk factor for mortality, followed by obesity. The combination of these risk factors is associated with non-communicable diseases, impaired physical function, and...
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Sex Differences in Obstructive Sleep Apnea by Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis

Kim JR, Song P, Joo EY

Background and Purpose Obesity is known of one of the risk factors for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Although body mass index (BMI) can be an indicator for obesity, it does...
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Age- and Sex-Related Differential Associations between Body Composition and Diabetes Mellitus

Roh E, Hwang SY, Kim JA, Lee YB, Hong Sh, Kim NH, Seo JA, Kim SG, Kim NH, Choi KM, Baik SH, Yoo HJ

Background The age- and sex-related differences on the impacts of body composition on diabetes mellitus (DM) remain uncertain. Methods The fourth and fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey included 15,586 subjects...
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Effect of Cross-Sex Hormones on Body Composition, Bone Mineral Density, and Muscle Strength in Trans Women

Yun Y, Kim D, Lee ES

Background: Cross-sex hormone therapy (CHT) changes the physical characteristics of transgender women to match their gender identity and expression. This study aimed to determine the effects of feminizing cross-sex hormones...
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Development and validation of prediction equations for the assessment of muscle or fat mass using anthropometric measurements, serum creatinine level, and lifestyle factors among Korean adults

Lee G, Chang J, Hwang Ss, Son JS, Park SM

BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: The measurement of body composition, including muscle and fat mass, remains challenging in large epidemiological studies due to time constraint and cost when using accurate modalities. Therefore, this study...
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Effects of 6 Months of Dapagliflozin Treatment on Metabolic Profile and Endothelial Cell Dysfunction for Obese Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Patients without Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Hong JY, Park KY, Kim JD, Hwang WM, Lim DM

Background: Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors reduce the risk of cardiovascular death in individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and cardiovascular disease, but the effect of these inhibitors on early...
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The Relationship between Autonomic Regulation of Cardiovascular Function and Body Composition

Smoljo T, Stanić I, Sila S, Kovačić U, Crnošija L, Junaković A, Adamec I, Hojsak I, Skorić MK, Habek M

Background: We investigated whether the results of autonomic function tests correlate with body composition and shape in healthy young people. Methods: We conducted cardiovascular reflex tests (heart rate [HR] and blood...
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Effects of Soy Foods in Postmenopausal Women: A Focus on Osteosarcopenia and Obesity

Tang S, Du Y, Oh C, No J

Chronic diseases in postmenopausal women are caused by rapid changes in hormones and are accompanied by rapid changes in body composition (muscle, bone, and fat). In an aging society, the...
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Body fat composition and miR-378 expression profiling in patients with type 1 diabetes

Duarte L, García-Díaz DF, Pérez-Bravo F

Purpose: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is an autoimmune disease that involves genetic, epigenetic, and environmental factors. Change in body composition is a potential mechanism for explaining the increased incidence of...
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Association between the Thigh Muscle and Insulin Resistance According to Body Mass Index in Middle-Aged Korean Adults

Heo JE, Shim JS, Lee H, Kim HC

BackgroundWe examined the associations between thigh muscle area (TMA) and insulin resistance (IR) according to body mass index (BMI) in middle-aged Korean general population.MethodsTMA was measured using quantitative computed tomography...
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Chronological changes in quality of life and body composition after gastrectomy for locally advanced gastric cancer

Park KB, Park JY, Lee SS, Chung HY, Kwon OK

Purpose: We evaluated the changes in body composition (BC) and quality of life (QoL) in patients who underwent gastrectomy for advanced gastric cancer. Methods: BC data using segmental multifrequency bioelectrical impedance...
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Effect of Resistance Exercise Program for Middle-Aged Women with Myofascial Pain Syndrome on Shoulder Pain, Angle of Shoulder Range of Motion, and Body Composition Randomized Controlled Trial, RCT

Kim W, Hur MH

Purpose: This study aimed to identify the effects of myofascial pain syndrome on shoulder pain, range of motion, and body composition around the shoulder in middle-aged women. Methods: A total...
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Twelve Weeks of Aerobic Exercise at the LactateThreshold Improves Autonomic Nervous SystemFunction, Body Composition, and Aerobic Performancein Women with Obesity

Park HY, Jung WS, Kim J, Hwang H, Lim K

Background: The present study examined the effects of a prolonged exercise intervention at the lactatethreshold (LT) on body composition, aerobic performance, and the autonomic nervous system (ANS) in womenwith obesity. Methods:...
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Effects of Short-Term Cardiovascular Endurance Exercise on Body Composition and Blood Pressure

Kim H, Eun Y, Kim SH

Background: Regular exercise can help in the prevention and treatment of such diseases. However, most individuals exercise only rarely or irregularly. This study examined the effects of short-term cardiovascular endurance...
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Characteristics of Appendicular Tissue Components in Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis

Koo BS, Yoon BH

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of appendicular lean mass (ALM) associated with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to analyze appendicular tissue components in patients with...
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Validation of Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance in the Analysis of Body Composition in Mice

Baek KW, Kim JS, Park JS, Kim SJ, Ha YC, Jeong OY, Yoo JI

Background: As an instrument for measuring body composition in experimental animals, dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is ideal for accuracy, cost, and measurement efficiency. However, there is too little insight...
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