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Relation of Nutritional Intake and Allergic Rhinitis in Infants: Using the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2013~2016

Her ES, Seo BY

OBJECTIVES: This study examined the relationship between the presence of allergic rhinitis and the nutritional intake levels of Korean infants. METHODS: The study involved a total of 1,214 infant subjects aged...
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Descriptive Study for Sonographic Morphology of the 1st Facet of Subscapularis Footprint

Sohn HS, Wi CK, Shon MS

PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to document the sonographic morphology of the subscapularis footprint, particularly the 1st facet, of the non-pathologic subscapularis tendon and footprint, and analyze the...
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Surgical Treatment of Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures at Thoraco-Lumbar Levels: Only Pedicle Screw Constructs with Polymethylmethacrylate Augmentation

Jun DS, Baik JM, Park JH

PURPOSE: To investigate the radiological efficacy of polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) augmentation of pedicle screw operation in osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCF) patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty OVCF patients, who underwent only posterior...
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Prevalence and risk factors of colorectal cancer in Asia

Wong MC, Ding H, Wang J, Chan PS, Huang J

Globally, colorectal cancer (CRC) is a substantial public health burden, and it is increasingly affecting populations in Asian countries. The overall prevalence of CRC is reported to be low in...
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A prospective study on changes in body composition and fat percentage during the first year of cancer treatment in children

Yang HR, Choi HS

BACKGROUNDS/OBJECTIVES: Cancer treatment may lead to significant body composition changes and affect growth and disease outcomes in pediatric cancer patients. This prospective study aimed to evaluate short- and long-term body...
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Comparing adult height gain and menarcheal age between girls with central precocious puberty treated with gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist alone and those treated with combined growth hormone therapy

Kim MS, Koh HJ, Lee GY, Kang DH, Kim SY

PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the outcomes of gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist (GnRHa) therapy with or without growth hormone (GH) therapy for girls with idiopathic central precocious puberty (CPP). METHODS: The...
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The Outcome of Radiofrequency Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures in Osteoporotic Patients

Hegazy R, El-Mowafi , Hadhood M, Hannout Y, Allam Y, Silbermann J

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the effectiveness and safety of radiofrequency (RF) kyphoplasty in the treatment of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) in osteoporotic patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE:...
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Early Adjacent Vertebral Fractures after Balloon Kyphoplasty for Osteoporotic Vertebral Compression Fractures

Ko BS, Cho KJ, Park JW

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. PURPOSE: To evaluate the incidence and risk factors for early adjacent vertebral fractures following balloon kyphoplasty (KP). OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: KP is a safe and effective treatment...
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Change in peak expiratory flow rate after the head-tilt/chin-lift maneuver among young, healthy, and conscious volunteers

Jo S, Lee JB, Jin Y, Jeong T, Yoon J, Park B

OBJECTIVE: The head-tilt/chin-lift (HT/CL) is a simple, routinely used maneuver to open the upper airway. Changes in the peak expiratory flow rate (PEFR) before and after the HT/CL maneuver have...
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Early Onset Subsequent Vertebral Compression Fracture after Percutaneous Verteroplasty

Kim JK, Choi BY, Park YC, Kim DH

PURPOSE: To evaluate the characteristics and the risk factors of early onset subsequent vertebral compression fractures after percutaneous vertebroplasty. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 44 patients, who had a new...
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Relation between Baseline Height and New Diabetes Development: A Nationwide Population-Based Study

Rhee EJ, Cho JH, Kwon H, Park SE, Jung JH, Han KD, Park YG, Kim YH, Lee WY

BACKGROUND: Short stature and leg length are associated with risk of diabetes and obesity. However, it remains unclear whether this association is observed in Asians. We evaluated the association between...
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Cervical Supine Side-Bending versus Cervical Supine Traction Radiographs: Which Is Better in Predicting Proximal Thoracic Flexibility for Lenke 1 and 2 Adolescent Idiopathic Scoliosis?

Chiu CK, Bashir ES, Chan CY, Kwan MK

STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. PURPOSE: This study compared cervical supine side-bending (CSSB) and cervical supine traction (CST) radiographs to assess the flexibility and predict the correctability of the proximal thoracic...
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Low Handgrip Strength Is Not Associated with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and Hyperglycemia: a Population-Based Study

Giglio BM, Mota JF, Wall BT, Pimentel G

Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) is commonly linked to muscle weakness and metabolic abnormalities which increase healthcare costs. The study was undertaken to investigate if low handgrip strength, as a...
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Risk Factors for Posterior Cage Migration after Lumbar Interbody Fusion Surgery

Lee DY, Park YJ, Song SY, Jeong ST, Kim DH

STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective clinical case series. PURPOSE: To determine the strength of association between cage retropulsion and its related factors. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: Lumbar interbody fusion with cage can obtain a...
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Impact of Screw Type on Kyphotic Deformity Correction after Spine Fracture Fixation: Cannulated versus Solid Pedicle Screw

Arbash MA, Parambathkandi AM, Baco AM, Alhammoud

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. PURPOSE: To detect the effect of cannulated (poly-axial head) and solid (mono-axial head) screws on the local kyphotic angle, vertebral body height, and superior and inferior angles...
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Radiological and Clinical Outcomes of Balloon Kyphoplasty versus Radiofrequency Kyphoplasty in the Treatment of Vertebral Compression Fractures

Winkelmann M, Mavropoulos T, Decker S, Omar M, Krettek C, Müller CW

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort analysis PURPOSE: Comparison of balloon kyphoplasty (BKP) and radiofrequency kyphoplasty (RFK) with respect to height restoration of the fractured vertebral bodies and the pain relief experienced after...
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Lifestyle Risk Prediction Model for Prostate Cancer in a Korean Population

Kim SH, Kim S, Joung JY, Kwon WA, Seo HK, Chung J, Nam BH, Lee KH

PURPOSE: The use of prostate-specific antigen as a biomarker for prostate cancer (PC) has been controversial and is, therefore, not used by many countries in their national health screening programs....
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Comparison of penile length at 6–24 months between children with unilateral cryptorchidism and a healthy normal cohort

Ryu DS, Cho WY, Chung JM, Kang DI, Lee SD, Park S

PURPOSE: Urologic diseases affected by testosterone can be associated with smaller penis size compared to the normal population. We sought to compare penile length in children with unilateral cryptorchidism and...
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Analysis of Factors Affecting Postoperative Loss of Reduction in Unstable Thoracolumbar Fractures

Soh J, Hong CH, Bang CW, Lee JC, Shin BJ

STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis OBJECTIVES: Loss of fracture reduction after posterior surgery to treat unstable thoracolumbar fractures can cause several complications. We analyzed the factors influencing postoperative loss of reduction. SUMMARY OF...
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A genome-wide association study of the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity in healthy Koreans

Xu E, Shin J, Lim JE, Kim MK, Choi BY, Shin MH, Shin DH, Lee YH, Chun BY, Hong KW, Hwang JY

PURPOSE: Pulse wave velocity (PWV) is an indicator of arterial stiffness, and is considered a marker of vascular damage. However, a genome-wide association study analyzing single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) associated...
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