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Season and Temperature Effects on Bloodstream Infection Incidence in a Korean Tertiary Referral Hospital

Sohn YS, Byun JH, Kim YA, Shin DC, Lee K

BACKGROUND: The weather has well-documented effects on infectious disease and reports suggest that summer peaks in the incidences of gram-negative bacterial infections among hospitalized patients. We evaluated how season and...
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Perspective of Nationwide Surveillance System for Healthcareassociated Infection in Neonatal Intensive Care Units

Kim AR, Kim EJ, Kim CS, Park MS, Park JY, Shim GH, Eun BW, Lee B, Chang MY, Choi SH, Choi JH

Healthcare-associated infection (HAI) is one of the most important causes of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The latest developments in neonatal care have greatly improved the neonatal outcomes. Nevertheless, preterm infants,...
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Clinical Prediction Score for Community-Onset Bloodstream Infections Caused by Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella Species

Kim M, Song KH, Kim CJ, Choe PG, Park WB, Bang JH, Kim ES, Park SW, Kim NJ, Oh MD, Kim HB

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to identify the predictors and build a prediction score for community-onset bloodstream infections (CO-BSIs) caused by extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella species. METHODS: All CO-BSIs...
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Two-Year Hospital-Wide Surveillance of Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections in a Korean Hospital

Seo HK, Hwang JH, Shin MJ, Kim SY, Song KH, Kim ES, Kim HB

BACKGROUND: Surveillance and interventions of central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) had mainly been targeted in intensive care units (ICUs). Central lines are increasingly used outside ICUs. Therefore, we performed a...
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Clinical value of procalcitonin for suspected nosocomial bloodstream infection

Cha JK, Kwon KH, Byun SJ, Ryoo SR, Lee JH, Chung JW, Huh HJ, Chae SL, Park SY

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Procalcitonin (PCT) may prove to be a useful marker to exclude or predict bloodstream infection (BSI). However, the ability of PCT levels to differentiate BSI from non-BSI episodes has...
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Effects of Blood Volume Monitoring on the Rate of Positive Blood Cultures from the Emergency Room

So MK, Chung HS, Kim CJ, Choi HJ, Lee M

BACKGROUND: Blood cultures are essential in diagnosing and treating sepsis. There are several factors that affect the diagnostic yield of blood cultures such as the number of blood sampling episodes,...
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Risk factors for mortality in patients with bloodstream infections during the pre-engraftment period after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation

Stoma I, Karpov I, Milanovich N, Uss A, Iskrov I

BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infections (BSI) remain a frequent complication during the pre-engraftment period after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), resulting in high mortality rates. This study evaluated risk factors for mortality...
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Two Cases of Medical Device-Related Corynebacterium striatum Infection: A Meningitis and A Sepsis

Park S, Chung HS, Seo EK, Mun YC, Lee M

Corynebacterium striatum is a commonly isolated contaminant in the clinical microbiology. However, it can be an opportunistic pathogen in immunocompromised and even immunocompetent hosts. The increasing prevalence of C. striatum...
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Impact of Central Line Insertion Bundle on the Adherence of Bundle and Central Line-Associated Bloodstream Infections in the Operating Room

Shin EJ, Jeong JS, Choi SH, Huh IY

BACKGROUND: This study purposed to examine how the incidence of the central line-associated bloodstream infection (CLABSI) in a operating room (OR) is affected by bundle application on central line insertion...
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Trends in Bloodstream Infections at a Korean University Hospital between 2008 and 2013

Oh TS, Nam YS, Kim YJ, Yang HS, Lee MY, Gu HJ, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND: Blood culture remains the definitive method for diagnosing bacteremia and fungemia. In this study, we investigated the incidence of bacterial and fungal infections along with the trends in antimicrobial...
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Diagnosis and Management of Central Venous Catheter-Related Infections

Park KH

Use of central venous catheters (CVCs) can lead to catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) and such infections are associated with serious morbidity and mortality and with increased health care costs. The...
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Comparison of Extended-Spectrum beta-Lactamase-Producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae Bloodstream Infection Epidemiology

Yoon PH, Cho EB, Kim SJ, Lee YH, Seo YH, Park YS

BACKGROUND: Extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are main pathogens of bloodstream infection. We compared the epidemiology of ESBL-producing E. coli and K. pneumoniae. METHODS: From January 2003 through...
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Epidemiology and Clinical Features of Post-Transplant Bloodstream Infection: An Analysis of 222 Consecutive Liver Transplant Recipients

Kim HK, Park YK, Wang HJ, Kim BW, Shin SY, Lim SK, Choi YH

BACKGROUND: Bloodstream infection (BSI) is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in liver transplant (LT) recipients. This study aimed to investigate the epidemiology and clinical features of post-transplant BSI...
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Compliance with Blood Volumes Collected for Blood Cultures between Physicians and Phlebotomists

Koh EH, Kim S, Lee DH, Kim SC

BACKGROUND: Blood culture is essential for the diagnosis and management of bloodstream infections. Blood volume is a key parameter determining the success of blood cultures. Studies comparing compliance between physicians...
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Comparison of Chlorhexidine-Alcohol and Povidone-Iodine for Skin Antisepsis and the Effect of Increased Blood Volume in Blood Culture

Kang H, Kim SC, Kim S

BACKGROUND: Reducing skin contamination rate and improving the positive rate in blood culture is essential for the correct diagnosis and management of sepsis. Chlorhexidine-alcohol was compared with povidone-iodine for the...
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Differential Time to Positivity and Semi-Quantitative Culture of Catheter Segments for Diagnosing Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections

Oh SJ, Lee M

BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is one of the leading types of infection, with a significant morbidity and mortality rate. We evaluated the differential time to positivity (DTP) and semi-quantitative...
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Interventions to Prevent Catheter-Associated Blood-stream Infections: A Multicenter Study in Korea

Yoo S, Jung SI, Kim GS, Lim DS, Sohn JW, Kim JY, Kim JE, Jang YS, Jung S, Pai H

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of infection-control interventions to decrease the incidence of catheter-associated bloodstream infections (CA-BSI) and to examine the sustainability of its...
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Bloodstream Infections and Clinical Significance of Healthcare-associated Bacteremia: A Multicenter Surveillance Study in Korean Hospitals

Son JS, Song JH, Ko KS, Yeom JS, Ki HK, Kim SW, Chang HH, Ryu SY, Kim YS, Jung SI, Shin SY, Oh HB, Lee YS, Chung DR, Lee NY, Peck KR

Recent changes in healthcare systems have changed the epidemiologic paradigms in many infectious fields including bloodstream infection (BSI). We compared clinical characteristics of community-acquired (CA), hospital-acquired (HA), and healthcare-associated (HCA)...
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Clinical Analysis of Polymicrobial Bloodstream Infections in Pediatric Patients: Epidemiology, Clinical Features, Organisms, and Risk Factors

Kim JM, Park HJ, Kim KH, Kim DS

  • KMID: 2072424
  • Korean J Pediatr Infect Dis.
  • 2010 Dec;17(2):83-90.
PURPOSE: Although the incidence of polymicrobial bloodstream infection (PBSI) has increased, only a few studies have so far focused on children. Therefore, in an effort to prevent more serious situations...
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Prevention of Intravascular Catheter-Related Infections

Kim ES

  • KMID: 2256488
  • Korean J Nosocomial Infect Control.
  • 2009 Jun;14(1):15-23.
Catheter-related infections (CRIs) are one of the most frequent healthcare-associated infections and are costly, morbid, and potentially lethal. A series of studies has confirmed that a comprehensive bundle approach based...
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