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Urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin: a marker of urinary tract infection among febrile children

Moon JH, Yoo KH, Yim HE

Background: Neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) has emerged as a valuable biomarker of urinary tract infection (UTI) in children. Purpose: This study aimed to compare the diagnostic accuracy of urinary NGAL (uNGAL)...
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Factors associated with treatment outcomes of patients hospitalized with severe maxillofacial infections at a tertiary center

Kim HW, Kim CH

Objectives: The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the variables associated with length of stay (LOS), hospital costs, intensive care unit (ICU) use, and treatment outcomes in patients...
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Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Escherichia coli: Tracking from sperm fertility potential to assisted reproductive outcomes

Ghasemian F, Esmaeilnezhad S, Mehdipour Moghaddam MJ

Objective: Bacteriospermia and urogenital infections are common problems in male infertility. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of bacteriospermia on sperm parameters and clinical outcomes in semen samples infected...
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Clinical Characteristics and Causative Pathogens of Infective Arthritis and Risk Factors for Gram-Negative Bacterial Infections

Lee Y, Cho YS, Sohn YJ, Hyun JH, Ahn SM, Lee WJ, Kim JH, Seong H, Kim J, Jeong SJ, Ku NS, Yeom JS, Ahn JY, Choi JY

Background: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and microbiological characteristics of infective arthritis and to analyze risk factors for Gram-negative bacterial infections that cause infective arthritis. Materials...
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Pharmacokinetics/Pharmacodynamics models of veterinary antimicrobial agents

Luo W, Chen D, Wu M, Li Z, Tao Y, Liu Q, Pan Y, Qu W, Yuan Z, Xie S

Misuse and abuse of veterinary antimicrobial agents have led to an alarming increase in bacterial resistance, clinical treatment failure, and drug residues. To address these problems, consistent and appropriate dosage...
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Prognostic Value of Serum Procalcitonin level for the Diagnosis of Bacterial Infections in Critically-ill Patients

So-Ngern A, Leelasupasri S, Chulavatnatol S, Pummangura C, Bunupuradah P, Montakantikul P

BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a diagnostic biomarker for bacterial infections in critically-ill patients. However, the cut-off value of PCT for the diagnosis of bacterial infections is unclear and unreliable. This...
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Erythema Nodosum Masking Kawasaki Disease with an Initial Manifestation of Skin Lesions

Okada S, Ishikawa Y, Shimomura , Sunagawa S, Hirano R, Fukunaga S, Miyake A, Okada Y, Maki T

We report the first case demonstrating an association between Kawasaki disease (KD) and erythema nodosum (EN). A 3-year-old girl presented with EN as an initial manifestation of KD. At the...
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Prediction for serious bacterial infection in febrile children aged 3 years or younger: comparison of inflammatory markers, the Laboratory-score, and a new laboratory combined model

Kim YW, Kyong YY, Choi KH, Choi SM, Oh YM, Oh JS, Oh SH, Park JT

PURPOSE: To compare the efficacy of inflammatory markers, the Laboratory-score, and a new laboratory combined model for predicting serious bacterial infection (SBI) in young febrile children. METHODS: The presence of SBI...
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Bacterial Infections after Liver Transplantation in Children: Single Center Study for 16 Years

Kim JC, Kim SJ, Yun KW, Choi EH, Yi NJ, Suh KS, Lee KW, Lee HJ

PURPOSE: Survival after liver transplantation (LT) has improved over the years, but infection is still a major complication. We aimed to identify the characteristics of bacterial infections in pediatric LT...
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Deep Neck Infection Complicated by Isolated Submandibular Gland Fracture Due to Blunt Trauma: A Case Report

Hong YS, Cho YS

Isolated blunt traumatic injury to the submandibular gland is very rare. In the previous case reports, most patients with isolated submandibular gland injury had a good prognosis without any major...
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Etiology of Invasive Bacterial Infections in Immunocompetent Children in Korea (2006–2010): a Retrospective Multicenter Study

Rhie K, Choi EH, Cho EY, Lee J, Kang JH, Kim DS, Kim YJ, Ahn Y, Eun BW, Oh SH, Cha SH, Hong YJ, Kim KN, Kim NH, Kim YK, Kim JH, Lee T, Kim HM, Lee KS, Kim CS, Park SE, Kim YM, Oh CE, Ma SH, Jo DS, Choi YY, Lee HJ

BACKGROUND: Invasive bacterial infections in apparently immunocompetent children were retrospectively analyzed to figure causative bacterial organisms in Korea. METHODS: A total of 947 cases from 25 university hospitals were identified from...
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Factors Associated with Vancomycin-Resistant Enterococcus Colonization in Patients Transferred to Emergency Departments in Korea

Kim HS, Kim DH, Yoon HJ, Lee WJ, Woo SH, Choi SP

BACKGROUND: Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) infections have become a major healthcare-associated pathogen problem worldwide. Nosocomial VRE infections could be effectively controlled by screening patients at high risk of harboring VRE and...
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Osteoblast and Bacterial Culture from Cryopreserved Skull Flap after Craniectomy: Laboratory Study

Cho TG, Kang SH, Cho YJ, Choi HJ, Jeon JP, Yang JS

OBJECTIVE: Cranioplasty using a cryopreserved skull flap is a wide spread practice. The most well-known complications of cranioplasty are postoperative surgical infections and bone flap resorption. In order to find...
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Vitamin D deficiency is associated with increased risk of bacterial infections after kidney transplantation

Park YJ, Kim SU, Lee KH, Lee JH, Kwon E, Jung HY, Choi JY, Cho JH, Park SH, Kim YL, Kim HK, Huh S, Kim CD

BACKGROUND/AIMS: There may be an association between vitamin D levels and allograft outcomes in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs). However, few studies have been conducted to determine the association between vitamin...
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Clinical usefulness of serum procalcitonin level in distinguishing between Kawasaki disease and other infections in febrile children

Lee NH, Choi HJ, Kim YH

PURPOSE: The aims of this study were to compare serum procalcitonin (PCT) levels between febrile children with Kawasaki disease (KD) and those with bacterial or viral infections, and assess the...
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Retrospective validation of the Step-by-Step approach for febrile infants younger than 90 days in the emergency department

Park JS, Kim JH, Kim WY

PURPOSE: To retrospectively validate the Step-by-Step approach, a sequential algorithm for prediction of serious bacterial infections (SBI) using the appearance, age, and inflammatory markers, in febrile infants younger than 90...
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Pathogenic Etiology and Clinical Indictors of Bacterial Infectoin in Febrile Infants Aged Less than 3 Months: A Single Institute Stduy

Park JH, Shim YJ, Kim DS, Choi JH, Kwak KJ, Kim HS

To analyze the infectious causes and clinical symptoms of febrile infants aged less than 3 months presenting to a Pediatric Emergency Medical Center (PEMC) and to propose more efficient, evidence-based...
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Clinical Characteristics and Prognostic Impact of Bacterial Infection in Hospitalized Patients with Alcoholic Liver Disease

Park JK, Lee CH, Kim IH, Kim SM, Jang JW, Kim SH, Kim SW, Lee SO, Lee ST, Kim DG

Bacterial infection is an important cause of death in patients with liver cirrhosis. The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical characteristics and prognostic impact of bacterial infection...
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Tularemia, a re-emerging infectious disease in Iran and neighboring countries

Zargar A, Maurin M, Mostafavi

OBJECTIVES: Tularemia is a zoonotic disease transmitted by direct contact with infected animals and through arthropod bites, inhalation of contaminated aerosols, ingestion of contaminated meat or water, and skin contact...
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Recurrent Bilateral Breast Abscess Due to Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Infection

Yoo H, Choi SH, Kim YJ, Kim SJ, Cho YU, Choi SJ

Since recurrent bilateral breast infection due to nontuberculous mycobacterium (NTM) is rare, its diagnosis is easily overlooked; in addition, complete recovery is often difficult to achieve. We report a case...
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