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Clinical Significance of Improved Intraoperative Neurophysiological Monitoring Signal during Spine Surgery: A Retrospective Study of a Single-Institution Prospective Cohort

Wi SM, Lee HJ, Kang T, Chang SY, Kim SM, Chang BS, Lee CK, Kim H

Study Design: Retrospective case series. Purpose: We reviewed the cases that showed significant improvement of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) signals during spine surgery to assess whether there is a correlation with...
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Evaluating Bone Loss with Bone Turnover Markers Following Acute Spinal Cord Injury

Thakkar P, Prakash NB, Tharion G, Shetty S, Paul TV, Bondu J, Yadav B

Study Design: Prospective observational study. Purpose: To evaluate bone turnover markers (BTMs) in individuals with acute spinal cord injury (SCI) and to compare the results with those of healthy controls and...
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Does the Application of Topical Intrawound Vancomycin Powder Affect Deep Surgical Site Infection and the Responsible Organisms after Spinal Surgery?: A Retrospective Case Series with a Historical Control Group

Adhikari P, Nabiyev VN, Bahadir S, Ayhan S, Yuksel S, Palaoglu S, Acaroglu E

Study Design: Retrospective case series with a historical control group. Purpose: To compare the deep wound infection rates in patients undergoing spinal surgery with the application of topical intrawound vancomycin powder...
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Is Scapular Stabilization Exercise Effective for Managing Nonspecific Chronic Neck Pain?: A Systematic Review

Seo YG, Park WH, Lee CS, Kang KC, Min KB, Lee SM, Yoo JC

Scapular stabilization is thought to have an important role in improving pain and dysfunction around the neck and shoulders, but evidence of this is lacking. We aim to systematically review...
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Risk Factors and Surgical Treatment for Recurrent Lumbar Disc Prolapse: A Review of the Literature

Dave BR, Degulmadi , Krishnan A, Mayi S

We aim to present the current evidence on various risk factors and surgical treatment modalities for recurrent lumbar disc herniation (rLDH). Using PubMed, a literature search was performed using the...
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Incidences and Risk Factors for Postoperative Non-Union after Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion with Closed-Box Titanium Spacers

Konomi T, Yasuda A, Fujiyoshi , Yato Y, Asazuma T

Study Design: A retrospective, single-center clinical study with follow-up of more than 24 months. Purpose: To evaluate the union rates and relevant risk factors for non-union after posterior lumbar interbody fusion...
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Prospective Evaluation of Spino-Pelvic Parameters with Clinical Correlation in Patients Operated with an Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion

Marouby S, Coulomb R, Maury E, Assi C, Mares O, Kouyoumdjian P

Study Design: Prospective study. Purpose: The goal of this study was to evaluate the impact of anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) on L5–S1 level for restitution of distal segmental lordosis and...
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Early Experience, Setup, Learning Curve, Benefits, and Complications Associated with Exoscope and Three-Dimensional 4K Hybrid Digital Visualizations in Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery

Ariffin MH, Ibrahim K, Baharudin , Tamil AM

Study Design: Prospective observational study (n=74). Purpose: To evaluate the learning curve for exoscope and three-dimensional (3D) 4K hybrid visualization in terms of operating time, advantages, disadvantages, and surgical complications in...
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Unplanned Readmissions after Spine Surgery: A Single-Center Prospective Analysis of a 90-Day Model in 2,860 Cases

Avinash M, Renjith KR, Shetty AP, Sharma V, Kanna RM, Rajasekaran S

Study Design: Prospective study. Purpose: During the last decades, an emergence of unplanned readmissions has been shown to be a useful tool to gage the healthcare quality and hospital performance. Previous...
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Role of Virtual Reality in Balance Training in Patients with Spinal Cord Injury: A Prospective Comparative Pre-Post Study

Sengupta M, Gupta A, Khanna M, Krishnan U, Chakrabarti D

Study Design: Prospective comparative pre–post study. Purpose: To evaluate the effects of game-based virtual reality (VR) training program for trunk postural control and balance in patients with spinal cord injury (SCI)...
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Efficacy of Pulsed Low-Frequency Magnetic Field Therapy on Patients with Chronic Low Back Pain: A Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial

Alzayed KA, Alsaadi SM

Study Design: A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial. Purpose: To investigate the efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic field (PEMF) therapy combined with therapeutic exercises in the treatment of chronic low back pain (CLBP). Overview...
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Superior Facet Joint Violations in Single Level Minimally Invasive and Open Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion: A Comparative Study

Patel JY, Kundnani V, Merchant Z, Jain S, Kire N

Study Design: Prospective comparative study. Purpose: To compare the incidence of iatrogenic superior facet joint violation (SFV) in minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) and open TLIF (OPEN-TLIF) at a...
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Does Sarcopenia Increase the Risk for Fresh Vertebral Fragility Fractures?: A Case-Control Study

Anand A, Shetty AP, Renjith KR, K. S. SVA, Kanna RM, Rajasekaran S

Study Design: Case-control study. Purpose: Sarcopenia is an age associated condition characterized by decrease in muscle mass, strength, and physical performance. We aimed to investigate whether sarcopenia increased the risk of...
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Insertion Angle of Pedicle Screws in the Subaxial Cervical Spine: The Analysis of Computed Tomography-Navigated Insertion of Pedicle Screws

Oikonomidis S, Beyer F, Meyer C, Baltin CT, Eysel P, Bredow J

Study Design: Four orthopedic spine surgeons measured the radiological parameters of pedicle screws in the cervical spine using a postoperative computed tomography (CT) scan. Purpose: This study analyzed the insertion angle...
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Analysis of the Functional and Radiological Outcomes of Lumbar Decompression without Fusion in Patients with Degenerative Lumbar Scoliosis

Gadiya AD, Borde MD, Kumar N, Patel PM, Nagad PB, Bhojraj SY

Study Design: Retrospective study. Purpose: This study aimed to analyze the functional and radiological outcomes of lumbar decompression in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis (DLS). Overview of Literature: Patients with DLS have...
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