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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii in Dogs in Zhanjiang, Southern China

Jiang HH, Li MW, Xu MJ, Cong W, Zhu XQ

Toxoplasmosis, caused by Toxoplasma gondii, is a parasitic zoonosis with worldwide distribution. The present study investigated the prevalence of T. gondii in dogs in Zhanjiang city, southern China, using both...
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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Among Primary School Children in Shandong Province, China

Xin KS, Liu H, Wang HB, Yao ZL

Although Toxoplasma gondii infection in primary school children has been investigated in many countries, limited surveys have been available in primary school children in China. In the present study, we...
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Visceral Leishmaniasis in Rural Areas of Alborz Province of Iran and Implication to Health Policy

Heidari A, Mohebali M, Kabir K, Barati H, Soultani Y, Keshavarz , Akhoundi B, Hajjaran H, Reisi H

Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) or kala-azar mainly affects children in endemic areas. This study was conducted to determine the seroprevalence of VL using direct agglutination test (DAT) in children living in...
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Pathogenicity of Five Strains of Toxoplasma gondii from Different Animals to Chickens

Wang S, Zhao GW, Wang W, Zhang ZC, Shen B, Hassan IA, Xie Q, Yan RF, Song XK, Xu LX, Li XR

Toxoplasma gondii is a protozoan parasite with a broad range of intermediate hosts. Chickens as important food-producing animals can also serve as intermediate hosts. To date, experimental studies on the...
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Efficacy of a DNA Vaccine Carrying Eimeria maxima Gam56 Antigen Gene against Coccidiosis in Chickens

Xu J, Zhang Y, Tao J

To control coccidiosis without using prophylactic medications, a DNA vaccine targeting the gametophyte antigen Gam56 from Eimeria maxima in chickens was constructed, and the immunogenicity and protective effects were evaluated....
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A Recombinant Plasmodium vivax Apical Membrane Antigen-1 to Detect Human Infection in Iran

Motevalli Haghi A, Khoramizade MR, Nateghpour M, Mohebali M, Edrissian , Eshraghian MR, Sepehrizadeh Z

In Iran, Plasmodium vivax is responsible for more than 80% of the infected cases of malaria per year. Control interventions for vivax malaria in humans rely mainly on developed diagnostic...
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Prevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection in Stray and Household Cats in Regions of Seoul, Korea

Lee SE, Kim JY, Kim YA, Cho SH, Ahn HJ, Woo HM, Lee WJ, Nam HW

The principal objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence of toxoplasmosis in household and stray cats in Seoul, Republic of Korea. We collected blood samples from 72 stray...
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Immune Responses of NIH Mice Infected with Avirulent and Virulent Strains of Plasmodium chabaudi adami Single and Mixed Infections

Namazi MJ, Phillips R

An understanding of the nature of the immune response to asexual erythrocytic stages of malaria parasites will facilitate vaccine development by identifying which responses the vaccine should preferentially induce. The...
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A Hospital-Based Serological Survey of Cryptosporidiosis in the Republic of Korea

Lee JK, Han ET, Huh S, Park WY, Yu JR

The seroprevalence of cryptosporidiosis was examined using patients' sera collected from hospitals located in 4 different areas of the Republic of Korea. ELISA was used to measure antibody titers against...
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Seroprevalence of Toxoplasma gondii Infection and Characteristics of Seropositive Patients in General Hospitals in Daejeon, Korea

Shin DW, Cha DY, Hua QJ, Cha GH, Lee YH

To figure out the epidemiological status and relevance with other diseases in toxoplasmosis, we checked serum IgG antibody titers of 1,265 patients and medical records of seropositive patients. Seropositive rates...
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Porcine abortion outbreak associated with Toxoplasma gondii in Jeju Island, Korea

Kim JH, Kang KI, Kang WC, Sohn HJ, Jean YH, Park BK, Kim Y, Kim DY

This report deals with the acute onset of an abortion outbreak and high sow mortality in one pig herd consisted of 1,200 pigs and 120 sows on Jeju Island, Korea....
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Concurrent response to challenge infection with Cryptosporidium parvum in immunosuppressed C57BL/6N mice

Surl CG, Kim HC

We investigated the response to challenge infection with Cryptosporidium parvum oocysts in immunosuppressed C57BL/6N mice. In the primary infection, fecal oocyst shedding and parasite colonization were greater in immunosuppressed mice...
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Evaluation of diagnostic methods of re-emerging malaria in Korean patients

Lim HS, Kim HS

Malaria is one of the most important parasitic diseases especially in tropical areas. Over 300 million people are affected and the condition causes 1-3 million deaths each...
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Five cases of ocular toxocariasis confirmed by serology

Park SP, Park I, Park HY, Lee SU, Huh S, Magnaval J

We report 5 cases of ocular toxocariasis in Korean adults complaining of visual impairment along with floating or bubbling sensation. Fundoscopic examination revealed a retinal detachment along with exudate...
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Seroepidemiological study of Toxoplasma gondii infection in the rural area Okcheon-gun, Korea

Lee YH, Noh HJ, Hwang OS, Lee SK, Shin DW

There have been some reports about the prevalence of anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibody among Koreans, and most of all data were taken from patients visiting hospitals. However, the epidemiological data...
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Detection of IgG antibody against Neospora caninum in cattle in Korea

Bae JS, Kim DY, Hwang WS, Kim JH, Lee NS, Nam HW

A total of 492 cattle sera was screened by IgG-ELISA against Neospora caninum (Nc-1 strain and a Korean isolate, KBA-2) and Toxoplasma gondii. Out of 492, 113 sera (23.0%)...
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Serological observation of Toxoplasma gondii prevalence in Apodemus agrarius, a dominant species of field rodents in Korea

Jeon SH, Yong TS

Field rodents involved in ecological food chains and which are the prey of carnivores in the natural environment may serve as reservoir hosts for Toxoplasma gondii infection in humans, however,...
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Seroprevalence of toxoplasmosis in the residents of Cheju island, Korea

Yang HJ, Jin KN, Park YK, Hong SC, Bae JM, Lee SH, Choi HS, Hwang HS, Chung YB, Lee NS, Nam HW

This study was performed to evaluate the epidemiological status of toxoplasmosis among the residents of Cheju island. The sera of local students from 18 high schools (boys 2110, girls 2460)...
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Western blot analysis of stray cat sera against Toxoplasma gondii and the diagnostic availability of monoclonal antibodies in sandwich-ELISA

Sohn WM, Nam HW

A total of 198 sera from stray cats was assayed against Toxoplasma gondii antigen by western blot. Out of 198 sera assayed, 26 sera (13.1%) showed typical blot patterns...
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Toxoplasma gondii antibody titers in sera of children admitted to the Seoul National University Children's Hospital

Kook J, Lee HJ, Kim BI, Yun CK, Guk SM, Seo M, Park YK, Hong ST, Chai JY

A total of 542 children under 10 years of age, admitted to the Seoul National University Children's Hospital, was examined for antibody titers of Toxoplasma gondii using indirect latex...
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