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Guidelines for Transrectal Ultrasonography-Guided Prostate Biopsy: Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology Consensus Statement for Patient Preparation, Standard Technique, and Biopsy-Related Pain Management

Lee MS, Moon MH, Kim CK, Park SY, Choi MH, Jung SI, Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR)

The Korean Society of Urogenital Radiology (KSUR) aimed to present a consensus statement for patient preparation, standard technique, and pain management in relation to transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) to...
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The role of antibiotic prophylaxis in mild to moderate isolated hydronephrosis detected in antenatal screening

Rianthavorn P, Phithaklimnuwong S

PURPOSE: To determine whether continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) could prevent urinary tract infection (UTI) in mild to moderate antenatal isolated hydronephrosis (IH), characterized by hydronephrosis without ureter and bladder abnormalities,...
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Contamination Rate of Burnt Necrotic Tissue after Electrocoagulation in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Rattanaprichavej P, Laoruengthana A, Galassi M, Weerakul S, Rasamimongkol S

BACKGROUND: Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is one of the commonly found catastrophic complications after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Preoperative antibiotic prophylaxis, proper skin cleansing, shortened operative time, and sterility of...
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Susceptibility of the Index Urinary Tract Infection to Prophylactic Antibiotics Is a Predictive Factor of Breakthrough Urinary Tract Infection in Children with Primary Vesicoureteral Reflux Receiving Continuous Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Lee JN, Byeon KH, Woo MJ, Baek HS, Cho MH, Jeong SY, Lee SM, Ham JY, Ha YS, Kim HT, Yoo ES, Kwon TG, Chung SK

BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on breakthrough urinary tract infection (UTI) associated with the susceptibility of index UTI to prophylactic antibiotics in children with primary vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) receiving continuous...
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Appropriate Use of Surgical Antibiotic Prophylaxis

Kwak YG

No abstract available.
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Appropriate Prophylactic Antibiotic Use in Clean Wound Surgery Under Local Anesthesia

Cha HG, Kwon JG, Han HH, Eom JS, Kim EK

BACKGROUND: Although guidelines to prevent surgical site infections (SSIs) were published more than a decade ago, prophylactic antibiotics are still used subjectively in clinical practice. In this study, we evaluated...
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Recommendations for Antibacterial Prophylaxis in Endourological Procedures

Chung DY, Lee JY

This review discusses the evidence and newly identified findings of antibiotic prophylaxis in endourological procedures based on recently published studies. Endoscopic procedures and surgeries are performed widely to treat a...
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Current status of long-term antibiotic prophylaxis for urinary tract infections in children: An antibiotic stewardship challenge

Alsubaie S, Barry MA

Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children are associated with development of pyelonephritis and renal scarring. Traditionally, continuous antibiotic prophylaxis (CAP) has been used to prevent recurrent UTI. Recent studies...
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Evaluation of the Early Onset Neonatal Sepsis according to Two Antenatal Group B Streptococcus Screening Methods: Risk-Based versus Universal Screening

Hong JY, Kim SH, Kim SM, Yee CA, Choi SJ, Oh SY, Roh CR

OBJECTIVE: The standard antenatal screening method for Group B Streptococcus (GBS) has not been established yet. Therefore, many practitioners in South Korea offer GBS screening to all pregnant women without...
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Feasibility of No Prophylactic Antibiotics Use in Patients Undergoing Total Laparoscopic Distal Gastrectomy for Gastric Carcinoma: a Propensity Score-Matched Case-Control Study

Na Y, Kang JH, Jung MR, Ryu SY, Jeong O

PURPOSE: Laparoscopic surgery is associated with lower surgical site infection (SSI) rates due to minimal skin incision and non-exposure of visceral organs. Most previous studies have analyzed the efficacy of...
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A Case of Infantile Fungal Urinary Tract Infection

Cho W, Jo YM, Oh YK, Rim JW, Lee WU, Choi K, Ko JH, Jeon YJ, Choi Y

Urinary tract infection is common in the pediatric population. The most common causative agents are bacteria, among which Escherichia coli is the most frequent uropathogen. Although fungal urinary tract infection...
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Comparing infective complications from transrectal ultrasound guided prostate biopsy following transition to single dose oral ciprofloxacin prophylaxis

Farag M, Riddell S, Daffy J, Wong LM

PURPOSE: To examine the incidence of infective complications post Transrectal Ultrasound Guided Prostate Biopsy (TRUSPB), after transition to preoperative administration of single dose oral ciprofloxacin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective study...
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Antibiotic use in patients with abdominal injuries: guideline by the Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery

Jang JY, Kang WS, Keum MA, Sul YH, Lee DS, Cho H, Lee GJ, Lee JG, Hong SK, Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery (KSACS) Clinical Research Group

PURPOSE: A task force appointed by the Korean Society of Acute Care Surgery reviewed previously published guidelines on antibiotic use in patients with abdominal injuries and adapted guidelines for Korea. METHODS:...
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Prevalence of group B streptococcus colonization in pregnant women in a tertiary care center in Korea

Kim DH, Min BJ, Jung EJ, Byun JM, Jeong DH, Lee KB, Sung MS, Kim KT, Kim YN

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization rate in pregnant Korean women using selective culture media for GBS and to identify obstetrical...
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Role of prophylactic antibiotics in elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Kim SH, Yu HC, Yang JD, Ahn SW, Hwang HP

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: The role of prophylactic antibiotics for laparoscopic cholecystectomy in low-risk patients is still unclear. This study aimed to verify the conclusion of previous meta-analyses concerning the effectiveness of antibiotic...
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Comparison of the efficacy of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid with metronidazole to azithromycin with metronidazole after surgical removal of impacted lower third molar to prevent infection

Sayd S, Vyloppilli S, Kumar K, Subash P, Kumar N, Raseel S

OBJECTIVES: The goal of the study was to investigate the clinical effects of amoxicillin-clavulanic acid (500+125 mg) with metronidazole 400 mg administered three times daily (Group I) versus azithromycin 500...
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Optimal Modified Extended Antibiotic Prophylaxis for Prostate Biopsy: The Addition of Two Intravenous Doses of Amikacin to Ciprofloxacin

Yu SH, Jung SI, Kim MS, Chung HS, Kwon DD

PURPOSE: This retrospective study was undertaken to investigate whether increasing amikacin dosage for ciprofloxacin prophylaxis in patients with fluoroquinolone (FQ)-resistant rectal flora reduce infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy...
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Comparison of the Efficacy between the Single-Dose and Three-Day Prophylactic Antibiotic Regimens for the Prevention of Bacterial Infections in Patients with Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy: A Randomized Controlled Study

Chae HK, Kim M, Shin JH, Park HK

PURPOSE: To determine the appropriate regimen of antibiotic prophylaxis for the prevention of bacterial infections in patients receiving percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PCNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty patients, who planned to undergo PCNL...
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“Targeted” prophylaxis: Impact of rectal swab culture-directed prophylaxis on infectious complications after transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy

Singh P, Kumar A, Yadav S, Prakash L, Nayak B, Kumar R, Kapil A, Dogra PN

PURPOSE: To assess the prevalence of fluoroquinolone resistance among patients undergoing transrectal ultrasound (TRUS)-guided prostate biopsy and the impact of rectal swab culture-directed antibiotic prophylaxis on postbiopsy infectious complications. MATERIALS AND...
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Aortopulmonary Fistula Presenting without an Endoleak after Thoracic Endovascular Aortic Repair

Sica G, Rea G, Bocchini G, Lombardi R, Muto M, Valente T

Herein, we report the case of a 60-year-old man, a smoker with a history of arterial hypertension and diabetes mellitus. After computed tomography (CT) for an episode of hemoptysis, the...
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