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Role of NEAT1/MiR-9-5p/SLC26A2 Pathway on Human Airway Smooth Muscle Cell

Wang X, Xu R, Chi D, Dai C, Sheng M

Purpose: Asthma is a serious inflammatory disease of the respiratory system in which airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) play a key role. This study aimed to investigate the expression of...
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Effect of the use of a video laryngoscope and bougie on the performance of endotracheal intubation on the ground by novice prehospital caregivers: a randomized simulation study

Song HW, Kang GH, Jang YS, Kim W, Choi HY, Kim JG, Lee Y, Kim TY, Bang SH

  • KMID: 2519741
  • J Korean Soc Emerg Med.
  • 2021 Aug;32(4):362-370.
Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a bougie and glidescope video laryngoscope (GVL) for ground intubation by novice prehospital caregivers. We hypothesized that the intubation outcome using...
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Fracture of the insertion cannula during retrograde intubation: a rare complication

Mishra N, Singh N

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Prediction of endotracheal tube size using a printed three-dimensional airway model in pediatric patients with congenital heart disease: a prospective, single-center, single-group study

Park S, Ahn J, Yoon SU, Choo KS, Kim HJ, Chung M, Kim HY

Background: To determine the correct size of endotracheal tubes (ETTs) for endotracheal intubation of pediatric patients, new methods have been investigated. Although the three-dimensional (3D) printing technology has been successful...
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Nasotracheal intubation for airway management during anesthesia

Park DH, Lee CA, Jeong CY, Yang HS

Nasotracheal intubation is used as a basic method for airway management, along with orotracheal intubation under anesthesia and intensive care. It has become an effective alternative method to orotracheal intubation...
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Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Positive Airway Pressure in Patient with Obstructive Sleep Apnea

Kim H, Kim JK, Cho JH

Background and Objectives: Positive airway pressure (PAP) is effective at reducing the number of complications in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). To the best of our knowledge, no cost-effectiveness...
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Communication Experiences and Needs among the Critically Ill with an Artificial Airway: An Integrative Review

Kim SH, Kim J, Choi J

Purpose : The aim of this integrative review was to describe communication experiences and needs among the critically ill with an artificial airway and evaluate relevant intervention studies. Methods : Using...
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Implementation of contextualized, emergency management cognitive aids in a periodontics clinic

Siemens MJ, Rice AN, Jensen TF, Simmons VC

Background: Emergencies in outpatient clinics are rare. However, potentially catastrophic events can be challenging to manage due to a variety of factors, including limited equipment and staff. The purpose of...
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A comparison of the breathing apparatus deadspace associated with a supraglottic airway and endotracheal tube using volumetric capnography in young children

Goenaga-Diaz EJ, Smith LD, Pecorella SH, Smith TE, Russell GB, Johnson KN, Downard MG, Ririe DG, Hammon DE, Hodges AS, Templeton TW

Background: Supraglottic airway (SGA) devices including the air-Q® are being used with increasing frequency for anesthesia in infants and younger pediatric patients. To date, there is minimal research documenting the...
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Endotracheal intubation in patients undergoing open abdominal surgery in the lateral position: a comparison between the intubating video stylet and fiberoptic intubating bronchoscopy

Wahdan AS, El-Refai NAr, Omar SH, Abdel Moneem SA, Mohamed MM, Hussien MM

Background: Some situations compel anesthetists to execute endotracheal intubation in the lateral position. We compared elective endotracheal intubation in the lateral decubitus position using the video stylet (VS) device...
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Endotracheal intubation using a three-dimensional printed airway model in a patient with Pierre Robin sequence and a history of tracheostomy -a case report-

Park S, Ahn J, Kim HJ, Choi EJ, Kim HY

Background: Pierre Robin sequence (PRS) patients have an increased risk of difficult intubation due to anatomical airway abnormalities, and intubation simulation with a three-dimensional (3D) printed airway model before anesthesia...
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Effect of extraction treatment on upper airway dimensions in patients with bimaxillary skeletal protrusion relative to their vertical skeletal pattern

Cho HN, Yoon HJ, Park JH, Park YG, Kim SJ

Objective: To investigate dimensional changes in regional pharyngeal airway spaces after premolar extraction in bimaxillary skeletal protrusion (BSP) patients according to vertical skeletal pattern, and to further identify dentoskeletal risk...
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MicroRNA-21 inhibition attenuates airway inflammation and remodelling by modulating the transforming growth factor β–Smad7 pathway

Hur J, Rhee CK, Lee SY, Kim YK, Kang JY

Background/Aims: Current asthma therapies remain unsatisfactory for controlling airway remodelling in asthma. MicroRNA-21 is a key player in asthma pathogenesis, but the molecular mechanisms underlying its effects on airway remodelling...
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Anesthetic considerations of Joubert syndrome in patients with mitochondrial disease - A case report -

Kim JY, Jeong K, Han KS, Park JE, Kim MG, Jun MR

Background Joubert syndrome and mitochondrial disease are rare congenital diseases in which a wide range of symptoms affects multiple organs. Patients with these diseases present characteristic symptoms related to the musculoskeletal,...
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Ginsenoside Rb1 Attenuates TGF-β1-Induced MUC4/5AC Expression and Epithelial-Mesenchymal Transition in Human Airway Epithelial Cells

Choi TY, Kim JH, Jo S, Lee S, Na HG, Choi YS, Song SY, Kim YD, Bae CH

Background and Objectives Ginsenoside Rb1 is the main metabolite of Panax ginseng. It is known to have many beneficial properties including anti-inflammatory, antitumoral and antioxidant effects. However, the therapeutic effects...
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Intraoperative aerosol box use: does an educational visual aid reduce contamination?

Burnett GW, Zhou G, Fried EA, Shah RS, Park C, Katz D

Background: The aerosol box was rapidly developed and disseminated to minimize viral exposure during aerosolizing procedures during the COVID-19 pandemic, yet users may not understand how to use and clean...
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Tube-in-tube airway management in a patient with Montgomery T-tube in situ -a case report-

Peng L, Wei W

Background: Montgomery T-tube (MTT) is a useful airway device but is seldom used. Owing to its specific shape and structure, it is challenging for anesthesiologists to manage airway...
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Effectiveness of four ultrasonographic parameters as predictors of difficult intubation in patients without anticipated difficult airway

Agarwal R, Jain G, Agarwal A, Govil N

Background: Predicting difficult intubation (DI) is a key challenge, as no single clinical predictor is sufficiently valid to predict the outcome. We evaluated the effectiveness of four upper airway ultrasonographic...
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Recent Developments in Devices Used for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy Sedation

Goudra B, Gouda G, Singh PM

Hypoxemia is a frequent and potentially fatal complication occurring in patients during gastrointestinal endoscopy. The administration of propofol sedation increases the risk of most complications, especially hypoxemia. Nevertheless, propofol has...
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Various Factors Affecting Short-Term Compliance Rates of CPAP in OSA Patients: in the Age of Insurance Coverage in Korea

Kwon OE, Hah Y, Hong IH

Background and Objectives: Although many studies have explored the factors affecting compliance with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), the findings remain controversial. This...
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